Humayun's Tomb-the tomb of the King remain where the Earth solo
Speaking to Indian and Mughal architecture, you usually think of mausoleum of the Taj Mahal, a symbol of eternal love of a husband for his wife. However, few people know that the inspiration for the great design can find a hundred km north of Delhi-the tomb of the Emperor Humayun Mughal dynasty. Buildings built between 1572-1576 under the guidance of Hamida Begum Baba Queen. This tomb is typical for the Mughal style of world fame.
Emperor Humayun the son of Mughal Emperor Babur-first. He inherited the throne in 23 years, while not yet aware of their holding position. He likes to soak up the fun audio and the stretching does not end nowhere harem. This led to a dispute between Humayun and 3 younger brothers intend to occupy the right of holding United Kingdom. They structure with a treacherous Afghan named Sher Shah, attacked the King from the East and established the House of Sur on the territory of Humayun. Humayun was besieged and forced to flee to Persia, where he lived in exile during the past 15 years. However, it is also about the time he approached with the fine craftsmanship of the Safavid artists.
In 1556, with the support of Persia, Humayun returned to Delhi in order to win back the throne. Only 6 months from the date returned to the throne, he fell on the stairs library and died, ending the brief reign period.
In honor of her husband had died, Queen Hamida Begum Baba Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, invited architects from the city of Herat, Northwestern Afghanistan, to build the mausoleum of the first in the history of the Garden House. The work has a blend of Mughal and Persian elements, setting a pattern for the next life of Mughal architecture culminating in Taj Mahal completed in 1648.
A large garden is divided into four regions, separated by the surrounding moat. 47 m high Tomb, consisting of 2 floors, the dome on the same height 8 m is paved with white marble while the rest built of red sandstone. The tomb is calculated according to the strict rules of Islamic geometry with emphasis on the figure 8.
This tomb took 7 years to build and was completed after 16 years since the death of Humayun. However, the garden needs a large amount of money to maintain, plus the Mughal capital transfer from Delhi to Agra lead to the abandoned tomb and becoming rubble. In 1947, thousands of refugees have set up camp inside the wall causing many architectural parts no longer retained intact as original.
Turning to the Humayun Tomb when UNESCO recognized this place as world cultural heritage in 1993. The Tomb also restored the status quo through funding from the Aga Khan Trust for Culture Fund. September 2013, after two centuries, Humayun's tomb was opened for tourists to visit and again write your name on the list of "The most beautiful building in the world".