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9 Ways To Immigrate To Canada-Latest Update on the Federal Skilled Workers' Program
So, you want to immigrate to Canada! Okay, great, but before you do that, you need to decide which immigration program is best suited and applicable to you and your family based on your qualifications.
There are several programs you can choose from to make your Canadian dream a reality. You need to study each program carefully so you can make an informed decision which program is best suited for you and your family. Here are the 9 different programs to choose from:
1. FEDERAL SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM
This category is applicable to those who want to settle and work in Canada but does not include the province of Quebec. (Quebec has its own separate application process).
Applicants under the Skilled Workers and Professionals Program become permanent residents by going through a selection process based on their education, work experience, ability to speak English and/or French, adaptability, and other criteria
New Update on the Federal Skilled Workers' Program (FSWP)
Beginning May 1, 2014, the Canadian government will start accepting applicants under the new set of occupations for the Federal Skilled Workers' Program (FSWP). A total of 25,000 applicants to different occupations will be accepted which will double last year's requirement from 24 to 50 eligible occupations. The applicant must have at least one year experience in any of the 50 occupations listed here which will accept 1,000 applicants each.
Here are the new set of occupations under the FSWP:
- Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services (NOC 0013)
- Senior managers – trade, broadcasting and other services, n.e.c. (0015)
- Financial managers (0111)
- Human resources managers (0112)
- Purchasing managers (0113)
- Insurance, real estate and financial brokerage managers (0121)
- Managers in health care (0311)
- Construction managers (0711)
- Home building and renovation managers (0712)
- Managers in natural resources production and fishing (0811)
- Manufacturing managers (0911)
- Financial auditors and accountants (1111)
- Financial and investment analysts (1112)
- Securities agents, investment dealers and brokers (1113)
- Other financial officers (1114)
- Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations (1123)
- Supervisors, finance and insurance office workers (1212)
- Property administrators (1224)
- Geoscientists and oceanographers (2113)
- Civil engineers (2131)
- Mechanical engineers (2132)
- Electrical and electronics engineers (2133)
- Petroleum engineers (2145)
- Information systems analysts and consultants (2171)
- Database analysts and data administrators (2172)
- Software engineers and designers (2173)
- Computer programmers and interactive media developers (2174)
- Mechanical engineering technologists and technicians (2232)
- Construction estimators (2234)
- Electrical and electronics engineering technologists and technicians (2241)
- Industrial instrument technicians and mechanics (2243)
- Inspectors in public and environmental health and occupational health and safety (2263)
- Computer network technicians (2281)
- Nursing co-ordinators and supervisors (3011)
- Registered nurses and registered psychiatric nurses (3012)
- Specialist physicians (3111)
- General practitioners and family physicians (3112)
- Dietitians and nutritionists (3132)
- Audiologists and speech-language pathologists (3141)
- Physiotherapists (3142)
- Occupational therapists (3143)
- Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists (3214)
- Medical radiation technologists (3215)
- Medical sonographers (3216)
- Licensed practical nurses (3233)
- Paramedical occupations (3234)
- University professors and lecturers (4011)
- Psychologists (4151)
- Early childhood educators and assistants (4214)
- Translators, terminologists and interpreters (5125)
This does not apply if you:
- have a valid offer of arranged employment, or
- are applying under the PhD stream
This will be the last of this type of application that the Canadian government will accept before it launches the new system called Express Entry by January 2015.
Use this Application Package if you want to apply under the Federal Skilled Workers' Program (FSWP)
If you want to apply under the FSWP, you need to follow these 3 steps:
1. Download the complete application package which include the following forms:
- Document Checklist [IMM 5612] (PDF, 233 KB)
- Generic Application Form for Canada [IMM 0008] (PDF, 536 KB)
- Additional Dependants/Declaration [IMM 0008DEP] (PDF, 472 KB)
- Schedule A – Background/Declaration [IMM 5669] (PDF, 170 KB)
- Schedule 3: Economic Classes [IMM 0008 SCHEDULE 3]
- Additional Family Information [IMM 5406] (PDF, 79 KB)
- Supplementary Information - Your travels [IMM 5562] (PDF, 21 KB)
- Separation Declaration for Minors Travelling to Canada [IMM 5604] (PDF, 21 KB)
- Statutory Declaration of Common-law Union [IMM 5409] (PDF, 19 KB)
- Fee Payment Form – Application for Permanent Residence
[IMM 5620] (PDF, 26 KB)
- Use of a Representative [IMM 5476] (PDF, 55 KB)
Note: You must send the ff important documents:
- all needed forms,
- all important information,
- all required documents,
- signatures of applicant, and
- fees to be paid, including proof of work experience, language test results, and either a Canadian educational credential or a foreign credential and an assessment of your foreign education from an approved agency.
If your documents are not complete, your application will not be processed then we will send it back to you.
2. Pay the corresponding application fees
Fees you have to pay:
- Processing fee for you and all members of your family
You need to pay for everyone who will travel to Canada with you. Check the list of fees to see how much it will be.
If we find that you are not qualified, we will refund your processing fee.
- Right of Permanent Residence fee
You will have to pay this fee once your application has been approved. This includes you and your partner and all dependents who are coming with you. You have to pay it before we release your permanent resident visa.
This fee is refundable in case you cancel your application or if you do not use your visa at all.
- Other fees to be paid to other service providers:
- fee for medical exam,
- fee to obtain a police certificate, if you need one,
- an educational credential assessment (ECA) fee
- language testing fee, and
- fee for services of a Visa Application Centre if you use one.
You have to fill out the Fee Payment Form (IMM 5620) to be included in your application. Currently, online payment for skilled workers is not accepted.
3. Submit your complete application forms
Don't forget to
- have your application and all forms filled out and signed
- pay your processing fee, and
- complete and attach all supporting documents.
We will send your application back if they are incompelte. Check the Document Checklist for the things you will need.
- clikc the "validate" button to validate the Generic Application Form for Canada online. The page will outline any missing information in red.
- print the page where you will find the barcode, then
- attach the barcode page with your application forms
This will help make sure your application is complete and avoid delays.
Send your complete application forms and other documents and fee to the Centralized Intake Office in Sydney, Nova Scotia (Canada). Do not send your application to the visa office in your country.
The Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)
Those applying under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) must get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their completed foreign educational credentials. This policy took effect in May 2013.
The Educational Credential Assessment is used to certify that the degree, diploma or certificate that you earned outside Canada is equivalent to the Canadian educational credentials.
2. SKILLED TRADES PROGRAM
This is for people who want to immigrate based on being qualified in a skilled trade. You need to make an assessment to check if you are qualified to apply under this category.
Find out if you are eligible to come to Canada under the Federal Skilled Trades Program.
To qualify to the Skilled Trades Program, you should intend to
- live outside the province of Quebec (Quebec has its own selection criteria. If you intend to live in Quebec, check the Quebec-selected skilled workers for more information),
- fulfill the requirements in English or French for speaking, reading, writing, and listening skills
- must have at least two years of full-time work experience in a skilled trade occupation.
- meet all job requirements for that skilled trade as set out in the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and
- should have an offer of full-time employment for a total period of at least one year** or a certificate of qualification in that skilled trade issued by a provincial or territorial body.***
Full-time work means working for at least 30 hours a week, or an equal amount in part-time, paid work. For example:
- 15 hours a week work in one job in over four years, or
- a total of 30 combined hours a week in one or more jobs over two years.
Within the 5,000 cap, no more than 100 new applications for each job will be considered for processing.
There is a total of 90 jobs eligible for applicants to apply under the Federal Skilled Trades program this year. The codes from the 2011 version of the NOC are provided below. You must include them in your application form.
The caps apply both to those who have offer of employment or to those who have certificate of qualification from a province or territory.
Applications will be processed in the order we receive them.
- 6321 Chefs
- 6322 Cooks
- 6331 Butchers, meat cutters and fishmongers - retail and wholesale
- 6332 Bakers
- 7201 Contractors and supervisors, machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations
- 7202 Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations
- 7203 Contractors and supervisors, pipefitting trades
- 7204 Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades
- 7205 Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers
- 7231 Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors
- 7232 Tool and die makers
- 7233 Sheet metal workers
- 7234 Boilermakers
- 7235 Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters
- 7236 Ironworkers
- 7237 Welders and related machine operators
- 7241 Electricians (except industrial and power system)
- 7242 Industrial electricians
- 7243 Power system electricians
- 7244 Electrical power line and cable workers
- 7245 Telecommunications line and cable workers
- 7246 Telecommunications installation and repair workers
- 7247 Cable television service and maintenance technicians
- 7251 Plumbers
- 7252 Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers
- 7253 Gas fitters
- 7271 Carpenters
- 7272 Cabinetmakers
- 7281 Bricklayers
- 7282 Concrete finishers
- 7283 Tilesetters
- 7284 Plasterers, drywall installers and finishers and lathers
- 7291 Roofers and shinglers
- 7292 Glaziers
- 7293 Insulators
- 7294 Painters and decorators (except interior decorators)
- 7295 Floor covering installers
- 7301 Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades
- 7302 Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews
- 7303 Supervisors, printing and related occupations
- 7304 Supervisors, railway transport operations
- 7305 Supervisors, motor transport and other ground transit operators
- 7311 Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics
- 7312 Heavy-duty equipment mechanics
- 7313 Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics
- 7314 Railway carmen/women
- 7315 Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors
- 7316 Machine fitters
- 7318 Elevator constructors and mechanics
- 7321 Automotive service technicians, truck and bus mechanics and mechanical repairers
- 7322 Motor vehicle body repairers
- 7331 Oil and solid fuel heating mechanics
- 7332 Appliance servicers and repairers
- 7333 Electrical mechanics
- 7334 Motorcycle, all-terrain vehicle and other related mechanics
- 7335 Other small engine and small equipment repairers
- 7361 Railway and yard locomotive engineers
- 7362 Railway conductors and brakemen/women
- 7371 Crane operators
- 7372 Drillers and blasters - surface, mining, quarrying and construction
- 7373 Water well drillers
- 7381 Printing press operators
- 7384 Other trades and related occupations, n.e.c.
- 8211 Supervisors, logging and forestry
- 8221 Supervisors, mining and quarrying
- 8222 Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services
- 8231 Underground production and development miners
- 8232 Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers
- 8241 Logging machinery operators
- 8252 Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers
- 8255 Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services
- 8261 Fishing masters and officers
- 8262 Fishermen/women
- 9211 Supervisors, mineral and metal processing
- 9212 Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities
- 9213 Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing
- 9214 Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing
- 9215 Supervisors, forest products processing
- 9217 Supervisors, textile, fabric, fur and leather products processing and manufacturing
- 9221 Supervisors, motor vehicle assembling
- 9222 Supervisors, electronics manufacturing
- 9223 Supervisors, electrical products manufacturing
- 9224 Supervisors, furniture and fixtures manufacturing
- 9226 Supervisors, other mechanical and metal products manufacturing
- 9227 Supervisors, other products manufacturing and assembly
- 9231 Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing
- 9232 Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators
- 9235 Pulping, papermaking and coating control operators
- 9241 Power engineers and power systems operators
- 9243 Water and waste treatment plant operators
3. THE QUEBEC SELECTED SKILLED WORKER PROGRAM
This category is for those who intend to settle and work in the province of Quebec and who have been previously selected by the Quebec government.
If you want to move to Quebec as a skilled worker, you need to undergo a separate selection procedure before your application can be processed by the Office of the Citizenship and Immigration Canada. The first step is to obtain a Quebec Certificate of Selection.
4. CANADIAN CLASS EXPERIENCE
This category is applicable to temporary foreign workers in Canada and to students who have graduated from Canadian schools or universities. The government believes that their valuable experience gained in working in Canada and in attending a Canadian school or university make them easily adapt to Canadian life.
5. INVENTORS, ENTREPRENEURS AND SELF-EMPLOYED PEOPLE
This category is for those who want to own or start their own business in Canada or to work as self-employed immigrants. You have to meet different sets of criteria for each class.
6. PROVINCIAL NOMINEES
This category is for those who want to enter Canada by applying to one of the provinces' Nomination Programs. To qualify under the Provincial Nominee Program, an applicant must first be nominated by a particular province or territory.
7. FAMILY SPONSORSHIP
This category is for those who want to come to Canada through a sponsorship by a relative who is a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen. If you are a spouse, common-law-partner, conjugal partner, dependent child, adopted child or other qualified relative of a permanent resident or Canadian citizen, then you can come to Canada as a permanent resident under the Sponsorship Program.
© 2012 Zee Mercado