Inchcolm Island in the Firth of Forth: A Day Trip from Edinburgh, Scotland
Inchcolm Island is a small island in the Firth of Forth in the East of Scotland. On the island you can
- visit a twelfth century abbey
- see remains of bases used during World War I and World War II
- spot seals or puffins (and seagulls)
The easiest way to get to Inchcolm is on one of the regular ferry trips that are run from the small town of South Queensferry, a few miles outside of Edinburgh. The ferry will take you to the island leaving you a few hours to explore before heading back. (As long as you make sure you choose one of the options where you can get off the ferry and walk around- there are also cruises where you just circle round without disembarking). Speak to the ferry operators about the different options.
- Location: Inchcolm Island is in the Firth of Forth, the estuary of the river Forth. It lies 1 mile from the Fife coast to the North, and 4 miles east of the Forth Road Bridge.
- Size: 9 hectares (22 acres)
- Population: 2 people, many seagulls and fulmars, puffins
Regular ferry trips run from South Queensferry to Inchcolm Island, between Easter and mid October.
South Queensferry is easy to reach from Edinburgh. There are regular trains from Edinburgh Waverley, or Edinburgh Haymarket train station. Get off at 'Dalmeny' train station. The journey takes 15 minutes. From Dalmeny station it is a short walk from the station down to the shore where you can catch the ferry.
If you are starting in other parts of Scotland you will also be able get the train. Sometimes you might need to change trains at Edinburgh or other towns such as Inverkeithing depending where you start.
Map of Inchcolm Island and South Queensferry
Inchcolm Abbey was founded in 1124 by King David I of Scotland. It was originally a Augustinian priory, which is a very small monastery. In 1235 it became an abbey, which is a larger, more power monastery.
Today it is one of the best preserved monasteries in Scotland as much of the original building still remains. It includes three cloistered walks, the refectory and other rooms. A 13th century fresco of a funeral procession is preserved in a recess.
You can walk around and see the historical architecture sedately, however for more lively visitors it is also an enjoyable place to run around, and play hide and seek.
The abbey is looked after by Historic Environment Scotland, the agency of the Scottish government responsible for looking after Scotland's historic heritage.
World War Fortifications
Inchcolm has a long history of being involved in conflict. Throughout the medieval period there were wars between England and Scotland, and Inchcolm was a useful defensive base.
In 1795 a gun battery was installed during the Napoleonic War to defend against the French.
During the First and Second World Wars the island was fortified and defences were built in preparation for possible attack. The remains of the world war fortifications can still be seen on the island today. They are the modern nesting place of seagulls.
Beware the Seagulls
A large colony of seagulls live on Inchcolm. These seagulls can be aggressive, especially when they are breeding and nesting. If you want to fully explore the island it is better to go outside of their breeding season (between May - July), as seagulls will swoop and dive at people if they feel threatened. Unless you are very brave this will limit your ability to fully explore the island!
Puffins and Seals
Inchcolm is home to puffins, seals and fulmars. If you are lucky you may spot some of these on the ferry, or while walking round the island.
There is a gift shop, small visitor centre, and bathroom on the island, but not much else. When you get back to South Queensferry it is worth having a look around the town. There are plenty of nice places to eat.
Around the Island
The channel between Inchcolm and the village of Aberdour in Fife is known as Mortimer's Deep. The Mortimers were local landowners from Aberdour who buried their family in Inchcolm. According to tradition one time monks were transporting the corpse of a dead member of the family over to Inchcolm in a lead coffin, but the corpse ended in the sea. The most common version of the story is that this was due to a storm, but another version mentions it was the doing of "wicked monks".
Other Islands in the Firth of Forth
The Firth of Forth is home to several other islands. Of these tourists can visit the Isle of May and Cramond Island. However the other islands can also be spotted from the mainland or on boat trips across the Firth. Here is a fact about each:
- Bass Rock - home to 150,000 gannets
- Craigleith - known for its puffin colony
- Cramond Island - you can walk across during low tide
- Eyebroughy - noted for cormorants
- Fidra - has the ruins of an old chapel
- Inchgarvie - near the Forth Road Bridge - you will be able to see it on your way to Inchcolm
- Inchkeith - one of the larger islands in the Firth, home to a lighthouse, but has been inhabited in the past, and in the middle ages was used to quarantine the ill at times.
- Inchmickery - near to Inchcolm with concrete buildings
- The Lamb - bought by Uri Gellor in 2009
- Isle of May - the largest of the islands. you can take a day trip here too, setting off from Anstruther on the Fife coast.
The Three Bridges of Queensferry
The town of South Queensferry sits right below the iconic Forth Rail Bridge. The Forth Rail Bridge is one of the most iconic landmarks in Scotland, and it features in many postcards and images of Scotland. Work started on building the bridge in 1883 and it was opened in 1890.
The tradition of crossing the Forth at this point, is much older than the Rail Bridge though. Queensferry is believed to date back to the 11th century and have been founded by Queen Margaret. The name of Queensferry refers to this as having been the point where the queen took the ferry from the Lothians over to Fife.
As well as the Forth Rail Bridge, you will be able to see the Forth Road Bridge which dates from 1964, and the brand new Queensferry Crossing which is another road bridge due to open this year (2017).