What to See When Visiting India, The Land of Wonders
The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian city of Agra. They started building Taj Mahal in 1632 by the Mughal emperor and finished in 1643, and took another 10 years to finish on other phases of the project, at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees. Shah Jahan built it to house the tomb of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is built on a 42-acre complex, and includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.
It means the Temple of God. Guru Amar Das had ordered that a nectarous tank to be created as a place for worship for the Sikh religion. Guru Ram Das instructed all his Sikhs to join in the work, under Bhai Budha's superintendence, said that the tank of nectar should be God's home, and whoever bathed in it will obtain all spiritual and temporal advantages. The Tank in which the Guru first sheltered himself was expanded for his residence; it is now known as the Guru's Mahal, or palace. The Harmandir Sahib,was built in the middle of this tank and became the supreme center of Sikhism. It became the house of Sikh Gurus and other saints that considered to have Sikh values and philosophies, like Baba Farid, and Kabir.
The statue was built around 983 A.D. and is one of the largest standing statues in the world. It is a 57-foot (17 m) carved from a single piece of rock, and is situated above a hill in Shravanabelagola. The statue was built by the Ganga dynasty minister and commander Chavundaraya. Short history about Bahubali, the name means: One with Strong Arms, he was the son of Rishabhanatha, the first tirthankara of Jainism. Bahubali is a much revered figure among Jains. It said they he meditated motionless for a whole year in standing, because of which climbers grew around his legs. After one year of meditation, Bahubali attained Kevala Jnana (omniscience) and became an omniscient being, and attained liberation from the cycle of births and death at Mount Kailash. He is revered as a liberated soul by the Jains.
Hampi is a temple town in northern Karnataka, India. It was one of the richest and largest cities in the world during its time. It is located within the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. It is an important religious center, housing the Virupaksha Temple and several other monuments belonging to the old city. The empire had a massive army comprising close to a million men. In around 1500 AD it had about 500,000 inhabitants, making it the second largest city in the world after Beijing.
Konark Sun Temple
Konark Sun Temple is a 13th-century AD Sun Temple, located at Konark in Odisha, India. It is believed that the temple was built by king Narasimhadeva. The temple is in the shape of a gigantic chariot, having elaborately carved stone wheels, pillars and walls. The temple is known for the exquisite stone carvings that cover the entire structure. A major part of the structure is now in ruins. It is featured on various lists of Seven Wonders of India.
Nalanda was Founded in the 5th Century A.D., it is also known as the ancient seat of learning. It contained 2,000 Teachers and 10,000 Students from all over the Buddhist world lived and studied at Nalanda, it was the first Residential International University of the World. When you walk in the ruins of the university, it will take you to an era in time, that saw India leading in knowledge, to the world the time when India was the place for studies.
Khajuraho Group of Monuments
The Khajuraho Group of Monuments is a group of Hindu and Jain temples in Madhya Pradesh, India. The temples are famous for their nagara style architectural symbolism and their erotic sculptures. They were built between 950 and 1050 by the Chandela dynasty, the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple is decorated with a profusion of sculptures with intricate details, symbolism and expressiveness of ancient Indian art. The Khajuraho group of temples were built together and were dedicated to two religions: Hinduism and Jainism and that suggested a tradition of acceptance and respect for diverse religious views among Hindus and Jains. Khajuraho temple site had 85 temples by 12th century, spread over 20 square kilometers. Of these, only about 20 temples have survived, spread over 6 square kilometers.