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India's Regions, Nature, Landscapes, Architecture, the Light and Colors

Updated on April 19, 2017

Urban City Life in India

Some just see a mess and chaos, but take a look at all these colors and the beautiful light.
Some just see a mess and chaos, but take a look at all these colors and the beautiful light.

India is a Country and a Subcontinent

Seen geographically India is a subcontinent.
Seen geographically India is a subcontinent. | Source

Structure of the Indian Subcontinent

India belongs to South Asia and is thus seen to the Asian continent although it has not much in common with countries like Malaysia, Singapore, Japan and China. Although we count it to Asia, the whole world speaks about the "subcontinent" of India. A subcontinent is almost a continent itself, due to its geographical location and a clear separation from other continents.

India only exists right at the place where it is today, because one day in the earth's history India (then still only an earth plate) separated from other continental plates of the tectonic shelves of Antarctica. Hence, the then separated earth plate (our nowadays India) split off and after probably millions, maybe thousands, of years drifting in the flow of the oceans docked to the continental shelf of Asia. Strictly speaking, the Indian subcontinent has encountered the Asian plate. In this collision the land masses had been pushed together by which the Himalayas, one of the major landscape regions of India, first arose.

All other major landscape regions of India had time to develop after the earth plate docked - and I will introduce them to you in this article as they are very special and not really comparable to the rest of the Asian continent.

The Ganges Delta during Rain Season

Some Facts and Numbers about India

Yes, some numbers belong to such an article to give you an impression about distances, the width and some other facts to understand what makes India special.

Do you know that the name of the state of India is given by the Indus River?

And do you know that India is a federal state? It consists of 28 states and has a government of democracy. The capital of India is New Delhi.

The neighbor countries to India are Tibet, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh. Since it is mainly surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the nearest island-nations of Sri Lanka and the Maldives are considered as neighbors. The continent and country India extends to the islands of the Andaman and Lakshadweep.

Do you know that India is, according to its proud inhabitants of 1.2 billion people (as of 2011), measured as the largest democracy in the world?
India is the seventh largest country in the world. You can already see its impressive proportions on the world map, but by your look at an earth map - did you realize that the Indian continent extends over 30 degrees of longitude?

Should you ever want to travel through the continent of India - not matter along or across - you have about 3,000 km to go. You have to drive just a little more (about 4,500 km) from New York City to Los Angeles - just to give you an idea. Hence, don't wonder to find at any place you travel in India another different large and impressive landscape which makes you feel as if you entered a new country. You can divide India into 6 major landscape regions.

Enough about statistics. Let's enjoy more of the magic and beauty of this special subcontinent.

Overview of the Landscapes' Positions and their States

Each Landscape is divided into States.
Each Landscape is divided into States. | Source

The Six Major Landscape Regions of India

From Europe you will find the most flights to Mumbai (formerly Bombay) or Delhi . If you want to traverse India, you should fly to Delhi, which lies to the north, and from there traverse the subcontinent to the south.

  • Surely one of the best known of the major regions of India is the Himalayan Mountains. This large region is unique in its nature and landscape and also difficult to access, which attracts many people in search of adventures. In the Himalayas you can discover the sources of the Ganges River and (on China's side) of the Brahmaputra.
  • Following the Ganges you will be popped in the Lowlands - another of the major regions of India. The Ganges flows from west to east into the Bay of Bengal.
  • If you follow the course of the Brahmaputra you reach the next of the major regions of India. The river runs on Chinese territory and from west to east, then breaks through the mountain range and flows south-west to India. There he leads shortly before the Bay of Bengal in the Ganges and they flow together into the Gulf.
  • Should you stay in the northwest, the basin of the Ganges merges with the Thar Desert, which also is one of the major regions of India.
  • In the South you will find the Highlands, the Deccan-Plateau. It is considered a particularly dry area, making it difficult to agriculture here since it relies on irrigation. The reason for the drought is the mountains of the Western Ghats attributed, as this keeps away the monsoon coming from the southwest and usually bringing rain from the Deccan Highlands. The highlands of the Deccan is centrally located on the southern tip of the Indian continent.
  • Top of the south on Indian´s subcontinent there are two mountain ranges that pass so to speak, at the tip of the continent into one another: the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats, hugging the Deccan-Plateau from both sides formally. The Eastern and Western Ghats are among the major regions of India.

Would You Like a Cup of Tea?

Tea Plantation in the Indian State Kerala.
Tea Plantation in the Indian State Kerala.

Tea from India

Some people think tea generally comes from India. But, that's wrong. Earl Grey Tea for example is a certain mixture of different black tea sorts from China. For some reasons the mixture was named after Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, who then was the English Prime Minister and the one who cancelled the tea trade with China in 1833 by the way. Supposedly, because the Britains had found another source in India.

Another legend says the Earl Grey Tea got the Prime Minister's name because he was the one who tried the tea after the ship who brought it had a terrible accident on sea, got damaged and the cargo was expected to be spoilt by seawater. It wasn't and Earl Grey permitted the sale of this tea in England. So, nobody knows what exactly was the reason to name a Chinese tea mixture after a British Prime Minister, but Earl Grey Tea still belongs to the most famous tea sorts.

Tea first was known only in China. Only after the discovery of wild growing tea plants in the Indian State Assam, at the begin of the 19th century, India became a tea producing country. This happened at the time when Assam belonged to the British-East-India-Company. We all know the spicy taste of Assam Tea. The tea industry worldwide still use Assam Tea as a basis for new tea mixtures.

Today you don't find tea plantations only in the State Assam, but all over India wherever the conditions are perfect for the tea plants.

So, the tradition to have a cup of tea actually has it's origin in China, not in India and not in England. But today we all love a cup of tea from time to time, don't we?

India's Architecture - the Taj Mahal

The famous Taj Mahal was built as a grave because of a wonderful love story.
The famous Taj Mahal was built as a grave because of a wonderful love story.

India's Architecture - the Red Fort in Agra

The Red Fort in Agra includes the palace area of former Moguls.
The Red Fort in Agra includes the palace area of former Moguls.

India's Architecture

The history of Indian's architecture is so multifarious that I can't tell this in a single capsule within this article about the landscapes. But I have to mention the architecture, because it is so diverse. Just think about all the religious temples and holy places, the golden temple "Harmandir Sahib" of Amritsar in Punjab, the beautiful Taj Mahal in Agra and the Red Fort that surrounds palace areas of great moguls in Delhi. Additionally, all the new modern architecture. If you then remember how many influences streamed through the history of India already long before the colonial time and then add all the different religions... All this is enough material for a very, very thick book full of stories and photos.

India's architecture - the Harmandhir Sahib (Golden Temple)

India's architecture - the Lotus Temple in New Delhi

Just for Fun

India's Image in the Western World

Of course India is a poor country with too many poor people. But have you ever heard any Indian complaining about their problems? They talk about it - but rational and sensible. And what pictures do you have in mind when you think about India? Poorness, decease, hunger, sadness, dirt?

Don't you see the color spectrum of the clothes, this special light all over the country, the sound of the people´s laughter, the busy noises in the cities, the mixture of old and new cars and their terrible smell? Not the quietness when you leave the cities and then again the colors of nature, impressive animals, exotic fruits, impressive landscape - and this fantastic light?

Do you only see that the roads are not well asphalted or do you hear the sound of nature and like it somehow that some roads are still left as natural ways? Open your heart to the beauty of this subcontinent, but at the same time protect yourself and believe some of the rumors about India as it can be dangerous and difficult to travel through the country on your own.

It is recommendable to protect yourself by traveling in groups - especially when you travel there for the first time. In Addition you can also experience adventures like in this Hollywood movie 'The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel'. They compare India for example like Florida - but with more elephants. It is a funny film that plays with cliches, but in a nice and friendly way and in the end you will see India in a different light. That's why I mention this film here - and because I'm a screenwriter and filmmaker myself. And as such I hope you will find what so many people don´t see: "The light, the colors, the smiles that teach you something ..."


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    • CYong74 profile image

      Cedric Yong 3 months ago from Singapore

      I like your section on the 6 different landscapes. For tourists, that means six different experiences at least when visiting India.

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      vijay sharma 3 months ago

      hi my name is vijay sharma and i read your article and you share great information. sorry but i inform you india not a poor country you better understand check Indian history thanks.

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