Interesting Facts About North America
North America is the third largest and the fourth most populous continent in the world. It is located entirely in the northern and western hemispheres. Most of its land area is dominated by Canada, United States and Mexico while smaller states exist in Central American and Caribbean regions. In this section we look at some of the interesting facts about North America.
North America - On The Map
- North America was named after Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian explorer.
- North America occupies 4.8% of the total surface area and 16.5% of earth’s total land area.
- North America is twice the size of Europe and is divided into 23 countries.
- People of Asian origin are said to be the first inhabitants of North America.
- Christopher Columbus was the first European to reach North America (in 1492).
- The first written Constitution of the world is that of the US.
- Canada is the largest country in North America (in terms of area). It is also the second largest country in the world (after Russia).
- Mt. McKinley (6,194m) in Alaska is the highest peak in North America.
- Lake Superior is the largest freshwater lake in the world in terms of surface area, and third largest in terms of volume.
- The Rocky Mountains is the longest mountain range of North America. It is also the second longest in the world after the Andes.
- River Mississippi is the fourth longest river in the world (after the Nile, the Amazon and the Yangtze). It is also the tenth largest in the world.
- The Grand Canyon of Colorado is in North America.
- Death Valley (California) is the lowest and the driest area in North America (86m below sea level).
- Canada has the highest number of lakes in the world.
- Lake Manitou (on Manitoulin Island) is the largest lake on a lake island in the world.
- Niagara Falls is one of the world’s most popular waterfalls.
- Canada has the longest coastline for any country in the world.
- Moose is the largest land mammal in North America.
- The smallest owl in the world, the Elf Owl, is found in North America.
- The other important animals in North America are Brown Bears, Bald Eagles, Hummingbirds and Bullfrogs.
- River St Lawrence is the second busiest inland waterway in the world (after Yangtze River in China).
- Hartsfield Jackson (Atlanta) is the world’s busiest airport.
- The Grand Central Terminal (New York) is the largest railway station in the world (in term of the number of platforms).
- The longest highway (Pan American Highway) in the world is in North America.
- North America is also known as the ‘New World’.
- Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles and Chicago are the largest urban agglomerations in North America.
- Mexico City is the largest city in North America.
- North America is the only continent which has every kind of climate.
- North America has 5 time zones.
- The main languages spoken in North America are English, Spanish and French.
- English and French are the official languages of Canada.
- USA doesn’t have an official national language.
- Canada is the largest producer of newsprint in the world.
Pack Your Bags
Have you been to North America?
- Mexico is the most earthquake prone country in North America.
- Hollywood is in United States of America.
- United Stated of America is the most populous country in North America.
- North America has the highest dog population in the world.
- Canada didn’t have a national flag until Feb 15, 1965. This date is celebrated now as ‘National Flag of Canada Day’.
- The smallest jail in North America is located in Coboconk, Ontario (Canada).
- Cuba is known as the ‘Sugar Bowl of the World’.
- North America is separated from Asia by the Bering Strait.
- The Isthmus of Panama connects North America to South America.
- The Panama Canal joins the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. It was built by cutting the Isthmus of Panama.
- The longest international border in the world is between Canada and USA.
- The headquarters of the United Nations Organization is in New York (USA).
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