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Life in an Indian Village : Culture and pictures

Updated on February 8, 2014

India is majorly an agriculture based country and a major section of its people live in villages. A village is a collection of small huts. In the mid of fields in which the farmers work. Some villages are big while other are comparatively smaller. They are generally cut off from the cities and have a different kind of lifestyle.

The villagers live in the midst of natural surroundings. The charms of nature justify the remark of famous English poet Cowper that “God made the country and man made town.” In a village, as we rise early in the morning we can listen to the sweet songs of birds, enjoy the beauty of the rising sun and the sweet breeze of day's dawn, the flowing of the river with a murmuring sound; the beauty of the greenery of fields. These are the various pleasures that abound in the countryside.

The villagers pass a healthy and peaceful life. There is no smoke and noise of the city factories. They breathe fresh air which promotes their health. They also get pure milk, milk products and other fresh eatables. There is no hustle and bustle and no worry as in the modern city life. The villagers therefore are happy and healthy. They lead a simple life and their desires are few. They are satisfied with what they have and they usually never dream of those luxuries and comforts provided by modern science, this makes their life even more happier.

Most of the people who live in villages are farmers. They cultivate their farms situated in the neighborhood of the village. They go to their fields early in the morning where they work till evening plowing, sowing or reaping their fields according to the season. Weaving is one of the most important industries of villagers. It helps them to increase their meager income. Besides this, some people keep shops and keep the necessities of life of the villagers. Other works as pottery, carpentry etc. are the sources of livelihood in villages.


The villagers are socially bounded together. Their life is corporate and independent. They depend on each other for the supply of their daily wants. They always share the joys and sorrows of each other. They help each other in the time of need and they all combine as a single unit in times of troubles and obstacles. Their social sense is so strong that the guest of one is considered as the guest of all. In a town or city, one does not care to know even one's neighbors. But each villager is familiar even with the family histories of the other villagers. In the evening they assemble in the village Chopal with their Hukkas (cigars) and talking goes on till late night. This is their simple recreation.

But village life has some serious drawbacks. The villagers are extremely poor. They live in one room mud houses which often fall to the ground in the rains. In the way they are put to great hardship. In spite of their hard work they are not able to earn enough to provide themselves with even two square meals a day. They are ill-clad and ill fed. As they are not able to serve anything in times of need they have to borrow from the village moneylender. They are frequently in debt which they are often never able to return. There is no doubt that much improvement has been made in this respect in recent times but it is not enough.


The villagers are illiterate. Most of them do not know how to write their names. There are no suitable arrangement for their education. Their ignorance make them superstitious and conservative. Majority of them are content with older methods of cultivation and they do not like scientific methods.

The life in an Indian village comprises majorly of farmers. Agriculture is their main occupation. They work on the fields that are around the village. Indian economy is an agricultural one. So the importance of a farmer is very great. So, let's discuss, in brief, the life of an Indian farmer.

Hard Working : An Indian farmer is very hard working . He gets up early in the morning, takes his plow, and with his cattle goes to his field even before it is full daylight. E works there all day without caring for the hardships of weather. Winter, summer or rain, it is all the same for him. We find him working on his field sowing, plowing or reaping in biting cold as well as in the hot winds of summer.

He works till noon, when his wife or children bring mid-day meal for him. He takes his meal under the shade of some tree. After having is food and having washed it down with a glass of cool water of a flowing brook, he again resumes his work. He often sings a song or listens to the radio to break the monotony of his hard labor.

Village Chaupal : It is only with the approach of darkness that he returns back to home. At the door of his humble cottage, he is greeted by his children, some young and some bit grown up. Then he rests for a while and smokes his 'hukka' (a type of cigar). This is the happiest time of the day for him. Now he is the king of his humble cottage. After taking his dinner he goes to the village chaupal. There, he smoke, gossips and plays cards with his fellow farmers, who have also gathered there for some recreation. Many jokes and stories are narrated there. In this way, having passed an hour or two in laughing, talking and playing he returns home for his well earned rest.

Life : full of difficulties – Such is a typical day in the life in an Indian village. The life of an Indian farmer is full of difficulties too. In spite of his hard labor, he lives a life of extreme poverty. 'He is born in debt, lives in debt and dies in debt'. His crops are at the mercy of rains. Famines or floods often take away the fruits of his hard labor. Still he his contended and god fearing. When he falls ill, he finds that there are no medical facilities (but there is an exponentially rise in medical facilities at Indian villages nowadays and more work has been going on) for his treatment. Often he dies untreated and uncared and there are also only a few schools for the education of his children. Though the 'Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan' (Education for All mission) is doing very good, but still it will take some time to cover all the rural regions of India. The mud huts in which he lives are very vulnerable to natural disasters and they often fall down during rain and his humble belongings are all ruined.We, who live in cities, can not even imagine the hardships of hard life in an Indian Village.

Enjoys Nature's gifts : But the above mentioned was only one side of the picture. The life in an Indian village has a brighter side also. The inhabitants of a village enjoys fresh pollution free air and sunshine. Which the the two great blessings of god. Village people gets more wholesome food than those who live in cities. Moreover, the villagers are sympathetic and extend greater co-operation to each other in times of distress. Such fellow feeling and brotherhood are not heard of in the city, where even the next door neighbors do not know each other. They are far away from the stress and tensions of the thoughts of being richer, famous and popular. They just live their routine life in a happy manner despite of their hardships. This makes their life full with positive energy.

Need of Reforms – A number of reforms are needed to make the life in an Indian village happier and healthier. It is a good sign that the government is giving its utmost attention to the problem. Various programs of village upliftment have been taken in hand. Through the spread of education and awareness about the usage of scientific methods of agriculture, poverty is being removed and farmers are obtaining more profits. The prosperity of the farmer means the prosperity of the nation. In the near future, the conditions of the life in an Indian Village would surely be enhanced and improved.


The 'Jawahar Rozgar Yojna' was launched to improve the condition of the life in Indian villages and rural areas. 'Panchayati Raj' seeks to give power to the people to work out their own destiny. The central government promised that the loans of up to Rs 10,000 would be waived to the farmers. So, after 10-20 years the life in an Indian village would be completely different from the life pattern present today. Village people would be healthy, happy and prosperous. They would no longer be in debt, as at present, but would walk with their heads raised high. Good quality seeds, fertilizers and pesticides are already being provided to the Indian farmers. Tractors and other modern machinery have now become a common sight in villages of India. Improvements are day by day exponentially rising in the rural areas of India. So, the future of life in an Indian village is surely very bright.

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    • profile image

      kartik 

      3 years ago

      very interesting topic and well written

    • profile image

      fjbmab 

      3 years ago

      its very important topic living in village is gaods gift

    • profile image

      gonareddymv@gmail.com 

      3 years ago

      I too love village life .But today the scenario is fast changing due to globalization . All the products enjoyed hither to by them are replaced by goods made artificially by MNCs. You get thums up today in all villages but not butter milk and coconut water. They are addicted to cheap liquor instead of toddy. For every thing they have become dependent on urban market. Still village life is better than urban life in many aspects. I love my village for their human relations .

    • profile image

      123456789 

      4 years ago

      vijay

    • profile image

      lover of villages 

      4 years ago

      lovely

    • profile image

      noman khan 

      4 years ago

      its all right what the narratr said I am also a Pakistani villager.and that's true that there are some happiness and trouble like education,medical.

    • profile image

      jatin roy 

      4 years ago

      write more dehati bhasa in essay

    • profile image

      Haris chauhan 

      4 years ago

      i love indian village life i miss my vi....

    • profile image

      miley steven 

      4 years ago

      really very true.. i agree with all statment......... nd i wish everyone would like it.... acutually thr real things touch the heart.. I had visited once when I had gone with my frnds frm london...

    • profile image

      S Sirkar. 

      4 years ago

      I love village life, I want to have experience about it.

    • profile image

      siva t malai 

      4 years ago

      i am live in villagebut this village is very beautiful

    • profile image

      sakariya 

      4 years ago

      marvelous!!!!

    • profile image

      prakash 

      5 years ago

      nice...

    • profile image

      Ama 

      5 years ago

      very intresting!

    • profile image

      yousuf baloch 

      5 years ago

      good life

    • profile image

      deba 

      5 years ago

      i too liked the pic.it was just awesome

    • profile image

      raageshwari 

      6 years ago

      i love agriculture, i love India also.i love village because they are giving food.

    • profile image

      reuben 

      6 years ago

      nice information luvd it...

    • profile image

      shriram 

      6 years ago

      that's roking superb life in villages...

      I love My Village and My Country .

      I LOVE MY INDIA

    • profile image

      tripathi parth 

      6 years ago

      i know the India is our country. and i live in india. so i have must inform to urself to do this and i want ot able advertise the position of indian formers...

      In this case the world care center having facility for our indian former to aceed the value of life in my country..

      I want relise our country men that they can understand their problems and they have to do something their position.

    • profile image

      Subair M, KSA 

      6 years ago

      It is a stupid, biased rhetoric to say that "The villagers are illiterate. Most of them do not know how to write their names" : In what world are you living? This sounds nothing but the third-rate slanderous lies put out by the media whoremasters in the so-called 'west'. In almost every village in India there are schools. In many states ( like Kerala), nearly 100% of villagers are literate. And, they are better informed than many gullible, ignorant counterparts in the 'west'!

    • profile image

      MANOJ 

      6 years ago

      I Like the Village life but I live in city generation than the village cultural in my heart. vandaymaatram

    • profile image

      Ratanak 

      6 years ago

      Born in the rural area, I really appreciate your article so much. Living in the clum is so difficult !

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      yes... Village life Rocks :)

    • profile image

      Aisha.Nisha 

      7 years ago

      I LOVE TO LIVE IN A VILLAGE.

    • W. K. Hayes profile image

      Warren Keith Hayes 

      7 years ago from Bryson City, North Carolina

      Having grown up on a farm in America, I can totally relate to rigors of farm life. Truly, it is a harsh life but when I stood out in the field and looked around at the undisturbed nature quietly working its magic, I felt a oneness with the land and an indescribable amount of peace in my heart. It is a very hard life but the peace one gets, makes it well worth the trade.

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      7 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      Thanks for a very interesting look at life in Indian villages. I would love to visit India, but I don't know that I will ever be able to. The next best thing is to read informative hubs like yours!

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @Loren's Gem : yes.. i completely agree with you... and thanks a lot for your time and valuable comment :) God Bless

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @dreamreachout : Thanks and cheers :)

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @magnoliazz : you are right... and I even think the same way... thanks for reading and posting your valuable comment :)

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @tracykarl99 : thank you very much for your great comment :)

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @Storytellersrus : hahaha... no no no.. i live in an urban region.. I went to these regions during my journeys and visits to different places just for knowing about them... further information i got from my parents and elder people who once lived such a life to some extent... Caste system is running but it has no emphasis on our lives nowadays (this is the outcome of the revolutionary thoughts of young generations), but due to some orthodox thoughts of some people a little extent of this is even felt today... you must really visit India to have an experience of lifetime because time is swiftly changing and you might not be able to see this in future... :) cheers thanks fo reading and posting your valubale comment.

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @Peggy W : closeness and strong bonds with people gives the power to fight against any problem... yeah its very sad... but development is the key to all problems :) i hope that conditions will improve

    • am@n profile imageAUTHOR

      am@n 

      7 years ago

      @sameerk : thanks for appreciation :)

    • Loren's Gem profile image

      Loren's Gem 

      7 years ago from Istanbul, Turkey

      Interesting share... and I agree with magnoliazz. There just seems to be natural beauty, simplicity and serenity in village living - things we can hardly find when living in the busy cities these days. Sadly though, its only the poverty that spoils all these. But if the government could reach out a helping hand to the far-flung villages, life in these areas might be much more beautiful than those of a city life. :-)

    • profile image

      dreamreachout 

      7 years ago

      Wonderful hub on Indian vilaages and the life of frill free villagers!! Cheers!!

    • ladyt11 profile image

      ladyt11 

      7 years ago

      This is very interesting, Good hub!

    • magnoliazz profile image

      magnoliazz 

      7 years ago from Wisconsin

      Another great hub! Living on a farm myself, I can tell you it is a beautiful way to live.

      Those villagers many seem like they are living in the stone age to some people, but they do not depend on oil for their daily lives. Once the oil runs out, we may be looking at the way these people live and hope the rest of us can adapt the way they have!

      I think we have a lot to learn from these villagers, and in spite of their poverty, they are probably a lot happier than the average American.

    • tracykarl99 profile image

      Tracy 

      7 years ago from San Francisco

      aman, What a beautifully written narrative. I was reminded of "It Takes A Village", with its heart and passion. A very interesting, yet sad, story. Thank you.

    • Storytellersrus profile image

      Barbara 

      7 years ago from Stepping past clutter

      This narrative is descriptive and clear. Some of it seems idyllic, but the last paragraphs slice away that illusion. Is this your experience, am@n? I would like to know how you escaped such a life, if it is. You are obviously literate and talented with a computer.

      I know only a little about India. Is there a caste system in the village?

      Thank you for expanding my awareness of life in Indian villages!

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      7 years ago from Houston, Texas

      The closeness and bonds of people who live in small towns and villages is common most everywhere. The part about the mud huts falling down in rain and illiteracy and extreme poverty is sad to know.

    • sameerk profile image

      sameerk 

      7 years ago from India

      nice one

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