ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Loi Kratong Festivities - Good or Bad

Updated on May 31, 2014

Krathong and Culture

This is one of my most favorite festival since I was young. In November every year I have planned to purchase a flowers to make a floating Krathong by myself (if I have free time). Typically, the purpose of floating krathong in ancient belief is to worship a Goddess of the river namely Phra Mae Kong Kah who provides abundant water for agriculture and extensive uses, in contrast, she also protects natural disaster such as floodwater from destroying agricultural land and human.

In fact, this cultural fest is from Sukhothai era under the reign of Pra Raung, one of a king concubine or mistress namely Noppamas invented krathong which is a lotus shape floating on the river. This festival is also called "Yi Peng" means "Full moon night in the second month of ancient north calendar" in the northern part of Thailand such as Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Lampang etc. It is slightly different belief and celebration between Bangkok and the Northern provinces. In the north, in general, will float the flying lanterns to show the respect to the lord Buddha addition to floating krathong in the canal or river.

Some beliefs the festival originates from the Buddhism. A Krathong uses to show respect of the footprint of the Lord Buddha in a sandy beach of the Narmaha river in India or it implied that this festival is influenced by Hindu religion which is the original of the Buddhist.

Then, this festival stated as a national Loi Krathong day in according to a lunar calendar each year. Regularly, the celebration of this festival is in the full-moon night in November or 12th month in Thai ancient calender. This festival becomes a culture and tradition of showing the gratitude to our nature, and it indirectly instruct of showing respect to elderly or seniority.

Nowadays Loi Krathong is obviously significant festival celebration nation wide in November each year. Both Thai people and tourists hold krathong on hands heading to the canal or river nearby with the same purposes. To show the gratitude to the water is remain the key objective of Loi Krathong day.

Example of  the process of making kratong's petal. A maker can fold in other shapes depends on his/her creativity.
Example of the process of making kratong's petal. A maker can fold in other shapes depends on his/her creativity.

What is Krathong?

It is neither easy nor difficult to make a krathong by yourself. The materials used to making a krathong can be bought in the markets everywhere before or at Loy Krathong day. If you want to make it by yourself, here is the DIY brief tips.


1. A proper size of rounded - cut banana tree to make a foundation or a base of krathong.

2. Banana leaves or other type of leaves which can substitute the banana leaf. A krathong maker will fold banana leaf into the lotus's petal shape or other shape on individual accord.

3. Small bamboo pins, pins, needles to use it sticks the banana leaves, flowers to the foundation.

4. Flowers or good name flowers such as lotus, marigold, globe amaranth, rose, orchid, jasmine and so on.

5. 1 candle light, 3 joss sticks which represent to the three gems i.e. lord Buddha, law, and brotherhood of monks.

The making krathong stage is quite difficult for a new krathong makers. The krathong will be beautiful and attractive or not depends on the individual's creativity.

As the environmental concern recently the Thai government have been releasing the campaigns of green krathong by using only natural materials making a krothong.

Prior to launch those campaigns, most of krathong made by foam as a base and papers as a petals even the plastics also used to make a krathong. There are some benefits of using those imitated materials in collecting krathong or cleaning krathong procedures after Loi Krathong day. As the lighter weight of foams, papers and plastics easily collected them out of the rivers but difficult to eliminate them later on. Compared to the natural krathong's materials are heavier in weight, easier rotted, make them more difficult in collecting procedures but easier to eliminate them. According to this awareness, the more natural materials used, the more environmental friendly is.

How Long This Festivities Will Survive?

It is definitely a thousand tonnes of pollution from Loi Krathong festival each year. Not only myself but a new generation of Thai people questioning that this culture pollutes the rivers or it is showing respectfully to our lord Buddha and Goddess of the River as Thai believe. The major environmental concern seems to be the key issue in argument or discussion regarding to this festival more and more recently.

According to the climate change and global warming awareness world wide, the government has been releasing many campaigns to build awareness of ecosystem friendly among citizens to reduce the amount of garbage from krathongs, lanterns and others. However, those campaigns released are not impact to the majority of Thais who have strongly believe in paying gratitude to both mother nature and lord Buddha will make them get a fortune or good luck during the year.

Moreover, Loi Krathong plays a significant role as a representative of a uniqueness of Thai culture and traditional which attract the tourists to come to this country each year. It is promoted by Tourism of Thailand (TOT) as a national festivities welcoming or inviting tourists world wide. Imagine how much income from tourism and hospitality businesses the government would have received from this particular festival.

Nevertheless, the environmental campaigns impact to many groups of the people who aware of the lukewarm climate such as NGOs, young generations, environment cares parties and some other groups. The festival which has a deep root in Thai culture is argued by those environmental caring parties that it is a rubbish creation or optimistic festivities. The native impact to the ecosystem is obviously important more and more currently. So what you think how long this festivities will survive?

Other Activities in Loi Krathong Days

Besides floating krathong on the rivers, ponds, and/or canals, there are many interesting and amusing activities celebrated in this importantly cultural days. The most interesting activities are

  • Beauty Pageant competition
  • Floating krathong competition
  • Large krathong competition including large krathong parade competition
  • Amusement parks
  • And there are fireworks launching celebration

You will find yourself enjoyable with this festivities in Thailand in November every year. Welcome and be my guests.

Similar festivals in other countries in Asia

There are similar festivities like Loi Krathong in Thailand in many countries in Asia such as Laos, Republic of Myanmar, some state in Malaysia such as Penang, Combodia, China and India. The significantly beliefs in this festival are quite similar is to worship the lord Buddha.

Floating lanterns in Loi Krathong festivities in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Floating lanterns in Loi Krathong festivities in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Beauty Pageant candidates in the Large Krathong  Parade.
Beauty Pageant candidates in the Large Krathong Parade.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • kesinee profile imageAUTHOR

      Sranunta Lamduan 

      6 years ago from Bangkok, Thailand

      Hi annoglomesh, i'm glad to hear that you love this festivities and you're most welcome to CM again this year. Be my guess!!

    • annaglomesh profile image


      6 years ago from Australia

      I spent my first Loi Krathong Festival in Chiangmai last year and it was one of the most beautiful things I've seen and been a part of in my life..

    • kesinee profile imageAUTHOR

      Sranunta Lamduan 

      7 years ago from Bangkok, Thailand

      Hi Yenajeon, yes it's a cool festival indeed. I would like to invite you to come to Bangkok or Chiangmai to have experience with this festival. I bet you will love it for sure. :-)

    • yenajeon profile image

      Yena Williams 

      7 years ago from California

      What a cool festival! I'd seen similar "floating ornaments" but never knew what it was all about! Cool!

    • kesinee profile imageAUTHOR

      Sranunta Lamduan 

      7 years ago from Bangkok, Thailand

      Hi Paul, I am happy to hear that you enjoyed and liked this festivities. So are you currently staying in Udornthani, Thailand? I heard that there is a great loi krathong celebration in this province each year. Thank you for your comment anyway.

    • Paul Kuehn profile image

      Paul Richard Kuehn 

      7 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      Your hub is very interesting and informative. I spent this Loi Krathong festival up in Udorn Province with my wife. We attended a festival that evening in a district town where a lot of people were floating the krathongs on a pond. Many other people including my wife and I were also releasing khornfai into the sky. There were also singers and dancers on stage. I had a great time.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)