- Travel and Places
Famous Machu Picchu - History of The Lost City of the Incas
With a past still shrouded in mystery, Machu Picchu is a small town known around the world, along with the pyramids of Egypt, the Great Wall of China or the ruins of Pompeii.
Machu Picchu is the most famous Inca ruin, however we know very little of its history. Nothing is mentioned in the chronicles of the Spanish conquistadors.
Many skeletons were found, 80% of women. A recent theory is that the city was chosen Inca women and was already empty when the Spanish arrived in the region. This explains why it was not mentioned by the conquerors.
Built on a cliff located over 2350 meters of altitude, the ancient Inca city of Machu Picchu (in the Quechua language, old mountain) still contains many of its secrets. Since its discovery, in 1911, by the American historian Hiram Bingham, multiplied the various theories about its strategic value, religious and social.
For some archaeologists was primarily a place of worship to the Sun God, the culmination of long processions by the famous "Inca trail", a paved road with 33 km long, steep hillsides dominated by the sub-tropical vegetation of the region.
In fact, this past remains shrouded in mystery. Machu Picchu is the major attraction for the hundreds of tourists who annually visit the city.
The buildings of the city, after some recovery work, are presented in excellent condition.
In the middle of the central square the Incas proceeded to its religious manifestations, and at the top of a hill, the Temple of the Sun and the Sacred Stone where priests fulfilled the rituals and sacrifices of llamas and other domestic animals to the satisfaction of the Sun God.
"Templo de las Três Ventanas", "Las Puertas", "La Calle de las Fuentes", are some of the many points of interest, but the best is you get lost in the labyrinth of streets and alleys, searching the alleys and imagine how it was everyday life of the people of Machu Picchu.
Vanished the Inca civilization, his testimony remains forever engraved in those granite stones, whose technique of cutting and fitting mastered like no other.
A "must have" if you are visiting Machu Picchu
This revised edition includes newly discovered sites. New photos and maps with full-color illustrations of real life scences from National Geographic Magazine.