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Madrid Main Street Gran Via

Updated on July 2, 2013

Ironically Madrid has no official main street. It is said that there are many vast and luxurious streets in the city but the most likely candidate to be the winner is the Gran Via (Calle Gran Via), which is translated as a "big road". Moreover, the name was given during the project and was officially legalized only in 1981.

The name of the main Madrid street was drafted in 1910 by King Alfonso XIII. Monarch himself solemnly picked the first stone of the walls of the house that was put into the construction of Gran Via. Street joined the two wealthy aristocratic district of Madrid and Salamanca Arguelyas. The level of the nearby Calle de la Princessa had decreased 4 meters all buildings were not taller than one floor. Of course, they were disgruntled and on their place Madrid government put "Telefónica" with height of 81 meters, which at that time was almost a skyscraper in Europe.

Interestingly, in the late 30s of last century, when socialist were governing Spain, the Gran Via was called the Avenida de Rusia (Russia street) and then Avenida de la Union Sovietica (street of the Soviet Union).

According to architectural plan, modern Gran Via is divided into three sections. The first is placed between the street and the area of ​​the Red Alcala de San Luis it is made and pronounced in a classical style. Many homes here have large balconies, columns on the facade of the heavy cornices and moldings. The second section of the street is going to the Plaza Callao, an interesting mix of American modernism and light airy French styles. In the third section is between the areas of Callao and Spain, the dominant style of American rationalism.

Most tourists who come to Gran Via try to get to the golden triangle of bars, three main bars built and popularized at almost one time. One of them is Chicote Bar known for interior decoration cult of Luis Gutierrez. Located across the street from the bar there is a mimic Abra bar, and the last point on the list is Cafe Gran Pena, which once was a community of coffee lovers.

In 2010, the street celebrated its 100th anniversary. The ceremony was attended by the King Juan Carlos I.

How to get there:

You can get to Gran Via by metro (station Santo Domingo, Callao and Gran Via) or by bus № № 1,2,46,74,146 and 202.


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