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Montenegro Travel Guide
Montenegro is one of the tourist treasures in Europe. The country has become the newest sovereign state in 2006, when its inhabitants voted for the independence. In this wonderful country you have the opportunity to enjoy a coffee on the beaches in Riviera Budva, to take your lunch while listening to the birds’ roll on the edge of the LakeSadar and to sing next to a campfire on the slopes of MountDurmitor.
The troubled history of this country has left behind numerous historical monuments all over the territory. The blue sea with its endless beaches, the clear rivers and the mountain chains, along with the ancient times’ spirit, make Montenegro an ideal destination for an unforgettable holiday. The country benefits from many sunny days during the summer time and a large amount of snow in the winter, so you can spend your holiday here no matter the season.
The Montenegrin cities have a rich architecture that dates from diverse periods. Due to the countless events and traditional festivals, the tourists have the occasion to learn more about the place’s traditions and customs. In the past few years, Montenegro synchronized with modernity and now offers facilities for extreme sports.
Montenegro's Tourist Attractions
Visit the crowded port of Kotor and the scenic historical center, with its Venetian architecture, the 17th century clock tower, the 12th century St. Tiphun cathedral, the NavyMuseum and many other attractions.
Taste the olive oil made from the oldest olive tree in the world, located in Bar, a cultural center, a port and a popular destination on the Adriatic coast.
Explore Herceg Novi, a 700 years old city, where the Baroque monastery Savina is located. In the vicinity there are the Herceg Novi Riviera and the city of Topla, the place where the famous poet and priest, Petar II Petrovic Njegos, was educated.
Walk through Ulcinj, one the oldest cities on the Adriatic coast. The main tourist attractions include the BalsicaTower and the Renaissance style church-mosque, which now houses the CityMuseum. Another attraction is the VelikaPlaza beach, which is 12km long.
Take a trip in the Lovcen range, where the Njegos Mausoleum is located.
Admire the 17th century Ostrog monastery, which was built on a vertical rock on the road between Danilovgrad and Niksic.
You can go hiking, cycling, hang gliding or rafting in the DurmitorNational Park, enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, for its glacial landscape, high peaks, thick pine forests and some of the deepest gorges in Europe.
Watch the birds in the LakeScadar area, in the Zetsko-Skadarska valley. Here you can find around 270 bird species, a complex of 20 monasteries and countless islands.
Relax on the beaches in Ulcinjska Riviera, which stretches for 13km.
Explore the BiogradskaLake and the PrimaryForestNational Park, one the last three jungles in Europe, which stretches between the Lim and Tara rivers. In the BjelasicaMountains you can see eagles.
Wander through the botanical garden in Kolasin, located in the wilderness in the Bjelasica, Sinjajevina, Vucje and Kljuca mountains, with many rare plants.
The restaurants in Montenegro don’t have the goal of competing with the western exquisite restaurants, but to offer a hospitable atmosphere and traditional food. The specialties that you should not miss are roasted lamb meat, pivski kajmak (a milk cream from Piva), fish soup, fried fish (carp, fatback) accompanied by a glass of Vranac or Krstac wine. After the main dish the desserts follow, made with cheese, peaches or yellow melon. Taste the Niksicko beer, and the grape brandy, which goes well with smoked ham, goat cheese and tomatoes.
The first inhabitants in the Balkan Peninsula were an ancient nation, the Illyrians. They were followed by the Slavs, in the 6th and 7th centuries. The present Montenegro was the Serbian principality Zeta in the 14th century. The principality was under Ottoman rule between the 14th and 19th centuries. Then it was controlled by the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and in 1878 it gained its independence. In 1910 Prince Nikolai I proclaimed himself as king.
In the First World War Montenegro fought by the Allies’ side and was defeated by the Austrian-German troops. Nikolai had to flee and Montenegro was annexed to Serbia, called back then the Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia and renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After the Second World War, Yugoslavia became communist, under Josip Tito’s leadership. This leader’s stringency maintained the ethnical tensions under control until his death in 1980. A fierce civil war broke out, and ten years later Yugoslavia disintegrated.
The only ones that were left were Serbia and Montenegro, forming an official state in 2003. According to the agreement that took place between these two countries, Montenegro couldn’t claim its independence until three years after. In 2006 a referendum took place, and as a result Montenegro became an independent state.
What You Should Know
Usually the access in public buildings is not allowed when you’re wearing shorts, and in the Orthodox Serbian monasteries try to wear decent clothes. Being drunk is considered an act of shame and bad taste in Montenegro. You can consume as much alcohol as you want, as long as you don’t get drunk. The local hour is GMT+1.