Fatepur Sikiri and Sikandra (Akbar’s tomb): India Tourism
Mughal dynasty was one of the renowned rulers of India. They ruled a wide area of land of that time including modern Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh etc. They were arrived in India and settled here after the Battle of Panipatt I. the Mughal dynasty ruled India for a long time with efficient and better policies. Even though they arrived from foreign country, they loved India and its culture. So they followed secularism. The Mughal dynasty ruined in 19th century after the arrival of colonialists. Now, many Mughal memories are still existing like Taj Mahal, and Agra Fort in Agra. Here this hub is aimed to familiarise two historically important places of Mughal dynasty in Agra, India. They are Fatepur Sikri and Tomb of Akbar the great, situated in Sikandra.
Tomb of Akbar the Great; Sikandra
Tomb of Akbar is one of the greatest attractions in India’s tourism map. It is a product of Mughal architecture. It construction completed by taking nine years (1605–1613). The site is located at Sikandra near Agra, India.
The tomb is situated in 199 acres of land. Its entrance gate is the South Gate which is constructed to imitate the Asia’s largest gate of Fatepur Sikri (Buland Darwaza). The entrance gate disclose many things on the principle of Akbar’s secularism. There sculptured symbols of different religious including Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism etc. the atmosphere of Sikandra is so silent. There is a wide garden around the way to tomb. Deer and birds are the attraction of the sight. There is a wide furrow constructed in those days for watering the garden from Yemuna river.
The tomb is mainly constructed with red sandstones. White marbles also used for its construction. The tomb is a four storied building by showing various architectural contributions. Its walls are so beautiful. Akbar’s tomb is in the center of the building. From the center of the tomb, the entrance gate can see vividly even there is meters of distance to the entrance gate. Another wonder of the room of the tomb is that, the echo of any sounds from inside the tomb will circulate 6 seconds there. There is a big lamp on the centre of the tomb. Many other tombs are also there outside of Akbar’s tomb. Its outside is like a wide veranda. Another feature of the pillars of the veranda is the amazing communication system installed in that time. Its pillars are capable of carrying sounds from one pillar to other pillars. Any sound from one pillar will reflect to other pillars.
Akbar himself started the construction of Sikandra and its allied memories in 1605. but he died and the construction was completed by his son and the fourth Mughal ruler Jahangir. In short, Tomb of Akbar is a wonderful attraction of Mughal dynasty. It is still remaining as a great memory of Mughals.
Fatepue Sikri is one of the most important tourist attractions of India. It is a tourist site listed by UNESCO. Fatepur Sikri is located at a distance of 39 Kilo Metres from Agra. Road transport is the only way to reach to the site. Nearest railway station is at 1 kilo meter distance.
Basically, Fatepur Sikri is a city built by Mughal ruler Akbar in 1569. It was the capital of Mughal dynasty during 1571-85. Akbar changed the capital city to Fatepur Sikri after the victory over Chittor (Rajastan) and Ranthambore. Akbar himself labelled the city by an Arabic word ‘Fatehabad’ which means ‘Victorious’. Fatepur Sikri’s main area is located on a rocky ridge of having about 6 kilo metres of length. For its construction red sandstones were widely used since it was available in plenty in the neighboring areas of Fatepur Sikri. Its three sides are built with wall and one side facing a lake.
The entrance gate ‘Buland Darwaza’ is a wonderful creation. It is the largest entrance gate in Asia. Akbar built similar one in Sikandra, where his tomb is situated. There is big Juma Masjid inside Fatepur Sikri. The Juma Masjid contains three mihrabs (lectern) and the big Mihrab is covered with a dome of White marble. Its walls and roofs are sculptured with wonderful designs. Another separate building is the tomb of Salim Chisti. It is constructed with white marble. On the left side of Salim Chisti’s tomb another tomb can see which built with red sandstones. The tomb is of Islam Khan, who functioned as the army general of Jahangir. Islam Khan is the grandson of Salim Chisti. Some of the notable points of Fatepur Sikri are mentioned below.
Diwan-i-Aam : Diwan-i-aam is the hall of public audience where the ruler come to make direct contact with public.
Diwan-i-Khas: Diwan-i-khas is also known as ‘hall of private audience’. There is a single and wonderful pillar there. It is the place where Akbar used to discuss private matters with ministers like administration and military affairs, taxation, economical issues etc.
Ibadath- Kahana: Ibadath Khana is also knows as ‘the house of worship’ where Akbar used to discuss things particularly religious matters with saints and distinguished persons. History says that Ibadath Kahana has an important role in the foundation of the new religion Din-e-Ilahi by Akbar.
Naubath Khana; It is also called as ‘drum house’. Akbar had a great interest in music. He kept a good connection with poets and musicians irrespective of religion or any other differences.
Further Akbar built palaces for each of his wives. He followed secularism and he married three women from three different religious background like Islam, Hinduism and Christianity. The wonderfulness of Fatepur Sikri can’t elaborate in words. Because it is great masterpiece of Mughal dynasty. From the top of Fatepur Sikri all the neighboring areas can be see.
A historical note
Before the foundation of new religion Din-e-Ilahi, Akbar had a great deal with saints. He respected them by conducting various functions. He visited tomb of Khaja Mueenudheen Chisti of Rajastan in every year. He visited there by walking. Even though he married different wives , he was sadist because of not having children. Some of his children died at the early childhood itself. Salim Chisti was one of his favorite saint. Later Akbar become father of three. He named his first son Salim for showing his respect to Salim Chisti. Other two children werew Murad and Daniyal. Akbar built Fatepur Sikri for showing his affection to Salim Chisti. Akber also dedicated a tomb for Salim Chisti inside Fatepur Sikri.