Top 10 Famous Mushroom Shaped Rock Formations across the World
Splendid Display of Nature's Creations
Tourists often crave to visit nature's creations. Be it mountains, beaches or forests, we find incessant flow of tourists to unique creations on this earth. Rocks with remarkable shapes or at distinctive locations have also been frequented. Mushroom rock formations, which might have taken millions of years to take the shape, have particularly remained great attractions. Some of these formations may take another shape in coming years because of the constant erosion they are faced with. That is why there is a need to visit before some of them disappear.
This Hub showcases 10 mushroom rocks in different parts of the world.
How are Mushroom Shaped Rocks formed?
The most common way of formation of mushroom rocks is erosion and weathering. This is a long drawn process, thousands or even millions of years in some cases. Erosion is normally nonuniform which results in slow vanishing of the lower parts of the rocks. Weathering is mainly on the upper part of the rocks when there is resistance offered by hard mass to erode. This protects the lower part of the rock and the process results in giving a shape and sometimes the shape has a striking resemblance to mushroom. Many of the mushroom rocks are found in desert areas where winds cause erosion.
This, however, may not be the only way of such rock formations. Glacial action or sudden disturbances like earthquakes may also be responsible for such formations wherein a rock settles on another rock and the lower part erodes at a faster rate.
#1. Bathsheba, Barbados
This is a perfect example of gigantic volcanic rocks carved into mushroom shapes by the mighty waves. Located at village of Bathsheba in the rugged east coast of Barabados in the Atlantic Ocean, mushroom rocks are a major tourist attraction apart from sandy beaches having rolling waves. Many come here for fishing also but swimming in this area requires caution because of the undertows and rip tides.
#2. Fungo, Lacco Ameno, Italy
The island of Ischia has a small town called Lacco Ameno which is known not only for its being old place of worship in the island but also for a rock formed by volcanic action. Located at the port of Marin di Forio, this mushroom rock is a huge mass of green tufa and is a symbol of the town.
#3. White Desert, Western Egypt
Western Egypt is known for White Desert, an area which confuses the night view with the polar region. Snow white sand hills in the area are a result of sand storms, with scultures taking different shapes like camels and birds. Located about 45 kms of Farafra, one of the oddly shaped rocks formation looks like mushroom as depicted in the image.
#4. Timna, Israel
Surrounded by copper ore smelting sites, a spectacular mushroom shaped rock in the Timna Valley in southern Israel. This monolithic rock is a formation is a result of centuries long erosion of red sandstone by wind, humidity and water. Located in the town of Eilat which is nearly 30 kms north of Gulf of Aqaba.
#5. Oppedal, Norway
The might of sea cannot be demonstrated better than the shaping of this 3 meters high mushroom like rock which must be thousands of years old. Located near village Oppedal under Municipality of Vågsøy in Norway this huge stone has a narrow trunk formed artistically with spectacular shape after erosion, making it a unique rock.
#6. Tisa Walls, Czech Republic
This is located at, perhaps, one of the best places for rock lovers. Called after the nearby village Tisa, the Tisa Walls (Tiske steny) has massive sandstone rocks originating some 90 million years ago (Cretaceous Mesozoic period). Over all these years of erosion and weathering, this place has rocks of different shapes developed into a wild labyrinth. Till even up to early twentieth century it was like a forbidden land, but today a major tourist attraction in Czech Republic. Nearly 75 rocks within the Small Walls and Great Walls have been named based on the shapes they acquired and this one is Mushroom and Tortoise.
#7. Babele, Romania
Based on the name of an area on the Bucegi Mountains in Romania, there is a beautifully carved mushroom rock called Babele (meaning The Old Woman). In fact the whole valley is breathtakingly beautiful and the presence of this rock makes it more impressive for the tourists.
#8. Beli Plast, Bulgaria
An astounding example of glacier erratic, i.e. boulders or rocks which do not resemble the ones in size and type in the area where they are placed, is present in the form of mushroom shaped giant stones in Bulgaria. Located about one km away from village Beli Plast, these limestone rock formations, with pink stumps and greenish hoods, are a result of weathering and water flow action which ultimately receded and disappeared. Surprisingly, folk tale in Bulgaria attributes it to four sisters who were beheaded which turned as mushroom stones.
#9. Vila Velha, Brazil
One of the most beautiful sites in Brazil is Vila Vehla where sandstone formations present more than 20 gigantic shapes carved by volcanic eruption and subsequent glaciations and wind eruptions. Believed to be at the bottom of the ocean some 600 million years ago these shapes today are the most fascinating in the State Park there. Some of these look like chiselled structures.
#10. Toadstool shaped Hoodoo, USA
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument at Utah in the USA is a unique place with white and orange formations in the Paria Rimrocks area of this Monument. Toadstool Hoodoos are quite striking not only because of the shape and size but also unusual caps they have. As there is no vegetation around the bizarre shapes of hoodoos do change due to their inability to resist the torrential rains experienced in the season in this area.