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Facts About Niagara Falls

Updated on September 6, 2011
The Canadian part of Niagara Falls
The Canadian part of Niagara Falls

A Mesmerizing and Amazing Scenic Spot !

Niagara falls, one of the major tourist attractions of both US and Canada , is a dream spot of the people for those who are fond of natural wonders from all over the world. Magnificent and spectacular view of this great falls makes any one to propose to visit in person to get wonderful experiences with violent fall of water, with buzzing, roaring sound and water plume. This is nothing but the great work of nature which transfers water from one of the great lakes of US, Erie to the other great lake Ontario. Months from April to August are favorable time to visit this place to enjoy the natural beauty. Colorful lights provided in both American and Canadian parts of the falls will bring a spectacular view to the people visiting there in night time. There are many number of luxurious hotels nearby Niagara falls. From there any one can enjoy the magnificent view of this great falls by peacefully sitting inside the room with a cup of tea. People visiting there would like to spend some days by staying at nearby hotels to have and enjoy the different views of the falls at different times of the day. The sunshine falling on the falls decorates it with colors of rainbow and massive drop of water with water plume is having a great tendency to create a chill climate in nearby area of Niagara falls.

Getting near the Niagara falls of both American and Canadian counter parts by the ferry boat will be a thrilling experience which could not be ever forgotten by one's life. People travelling in the ferry boat will be provided with rain coats and glasses to avoid getting drenched by the water plume . At the moment of getting near the falls, roaring sound, chillness by water plume and shaking of the ferry boat will bring a terrible experience to the travelling people.

The total view of Niagara Falls

Location and Geography of the falls.

The massive Niagara falls is located on the Niagara river which separates Canadian province of Ontario and US part of Newyork and 17 miles north - north east of Buffalo, Newyork, 75 miles south - south west of Toronto, Ontario.

Niagara falls is composed of three parts namely American falls, Bridal Veil falls and Horseshoe falls (Canadian part). Of which Horseshoe falls (Canadian part) and American falls comprise the major part of the falls. The other smaller part lies in the US area called as Bridal Veil falls. The land mass lying between the Canadian Horseshoe falls and the American falls is known as Goat island. The other land mass lying between the two parts of American falls is called as Luna island.

American falls is slightly elevated to Canadian Horseshoe falls and major part of the water (90%) is diverted, due to gravitational force of earth, to the Canadian part of Horseshoe falls. The American falls is 176 feet high and it's brink length is about 1,075 feet whereas the Canadian part is 167 feet high and has a great crest length of about 2600 feet. Total water flow in Niagara falls is about 2 lacs cubic feet per second which means about 50,000 crores of litres of water per day.

The Source of the Niagara falls

The main source of Niagara falls is the lake Erie, one of the great lakes of America and smallest of all by volume, which is fed by the river Detroit. The maximum length of this great lake is about 400 km and width is about 92 km and has an average depth of 60 feet. In winter snow fall on the toal surface area of this huge lake, about 26,000 sq. km, will make a snow bed at a height of a few metres and the same melts in summer to feed Niagara falls. The river Detroit flowing into the lake Erie is the other source of Niagara falls.

Before 18,000 years the Erie lake was covered by the snow bed of 2 to 3 km thick and later this huge ice mass gently moved southwards leaving a huge mass of water to form this great lake. Though it is the smallest of all by the volume, the lake is so huge that if the total water of the lake were drained out through the Niagara falls, after stopping the inflow, with the same current flow rate, it would take more than 1,000 days to completely clear the water of the Erie lake.

Niagara Falls

A markerNiagara Falls -
Niagara Falls, 7000 McLeod Rd, Niagara Falls, ON L2G 7K3, Canada
get directions

This is the aerial view of both Canadian and American parts of Niagara Falls.

Erosion by Niagara falls

Niagara falls has undergone dramatic change due to the natural forces of erosion. The natural bed rock composed of soft shale and lime stone is being easily eroded and could not stand with violent current of the water. Being higher than Canadian part (Horseshoe falls) erosion on the crest line of American falls is considerably decreased by the diversion of most part of the water to the counter part. Every year Niagara falls loses about one foot of it's total height. The predictors are saying that the same current erosion rate is so powerful to change this great falls as a fast flowing stream after many decades of years.

Dare Devil Activities in Niagara Falls

Obviously it is true that man has no power to fight and face against the super natural things like Niagara falls as most of the daring met the failure. It will be safe and nice when we enjoy this type of great things by viewing in a safer distance, sometimes we can also get thrilling experiences of getting closer to the falls. But daring the super falls like Niagara is almost equal to an attempt of suicide. The government and people should not encourage those darings as the value of our life is always more than the popularity achieved by those daring events.

Many people were plunged to death when they were daring the falls in a barrel. On October 24th 1901 Annie Taylor was the first person to conquer the falls in a barrel. On July 25th 1911 Boddy leach plunged over the falls in a steel barrel. Boddy broke his both knee caps and jaw during his daring event. On July 5th 1930 a Greek waitor named Goerge L. Statakis suffocated to death after his barrel was trapped behind the falls for more than 14 hours. On July 3rd,1984 a Canadian conquered the falls for the first time. On October 5th, 1985 a Canadian merchant John Super Dava made a successful trip in his barrel. On October 1st, 1995 Robert Overcraker rode a jetski over the brink of Horse shoe falls. In his daring his parachute failed to open and plunged to death.


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  • profile image

    Niagara Falls Canada 8 years ago

    Nice Blog post! Niagara Falls Canada, has changed names many times. Seventh Wonder to Honeymoon Capital, this terrain features Marineland and the very famous Casino Niagara that covers 100,000 sq ft of gaming area. This is a place that constantly changes

  • profile image

    gordon 9 years ago

    Hello, I appreciate your interest in Niagara Falls. However it was not appropriate to duplicate the images from my website. I have spent 10 years photographing the Falls and it very time consuming and at times dangerous! You should ask for permission to use images before posting them. Regards, Gordon Stephens

  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Neet, Thanks for your comments. Very happy to note your great interest on Geography. Do you believe the calculation of total quantity of water flow in NF, in litres, for a complete day ? The answer is available in my NF hub.

  • bhalla_neet profile image

    Ravneet 10 years ago from Delhi

    Wonderful post. Being a student of geography, I have often come across reading on the Gr8 Niagra Falls...Quite an exquisite feature on earth. One of the most wonderful. 

    Yes, Ratnaveera, you have done a great job by 

    throwing light on some of the very important

    features of NIAGRA FALLS.The images are mind-blowing.

    GREAT WORK DONE..Keep it up


  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear sir (MRM), Thank you very much for your great comments and telling about some more facts about NF. I will correct the erosion rate of NF.

  • MrMarmalade profile image

    MrMarmalade 10 years ago from Sydney


    This is a magic place.

    Son three spent 1 year visiting all these famous places and

    although he has many many photos. Yours are Majestic.

    Here are are some Niagara Falls facts: -

    Water over the NF averages 5800m (3/w)

    The NF are being eroded by the Water at the Rate of about 30 cm/ 10 years.

    In the early 1950's it was around 1 m/ year!

    Scientist have calculated that the Falls were originally

    11 km further down stream than they are today

    If you ever do a another great Hub on NF

    this could be good information for you.

    I am not endeavouring to steal your Thunder,

    Perhaps giving you some lightning to strike with.

    This is a exotic hub

    Please give us more.

  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear LdsNana, Thanks for being my friend and your kind information about Yosemite National Park in California. Did you see the pictures of Niagara falls in full resolution ?

  • LdsNana-AskMormon profile image

    Kathryn Skaggs 10 years ago from Southern California

    Hi ratnaveera -

    It is so nice to have you as a friend. Another place that I just love... is Yosemite National Park in California, USA.

    Majestic and wonderful!

    By the way... I love these aerial shots that you have here.



  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear sir, Thank you very much for joining my fan club. I am very proud of receiving your comments. Thank you very much for your comments and encouragements.

  • prasadjain profile image

    Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 10 years ago from Tumkur

    A fine article by you, Rathnaveera! Fine phoptographs! I enjoyed viewing it with my little son Akshara prasad.He also enjoyed it very much. You are lucky enough to visit it, I don't  think I will be able to visit it!

  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Combu smart, kms and Lds Nana, Thanks for your great comments. Dear Lds Nana thank you once again for sharing your great experiences with Niagara falls.  I am very interesting to collect the details of natural wonders like Niagara.

  • LdsNana-AskMormon profile image

    Kathryn Skaggs 10 years ago from Southern California

    Hi Ratnaveera

    This Hub brings back wonderful memories of my trip to the Falls, just this past year. I too have amazing photos of this adventure. This was my second time to see the Niagara Falls.

    On this last trip, as we took the Maid of the Mist, ferry boat - out to get close to the falls, the waters were much rougher than my previous trip; as were the winds on this particular day.

    As this small ferry navigated its familiar route, out to the falls - it was clear that the captain was in need of letting this ferry know, on this day - that he was still its captain. Because of this obvious struggle that was occurring, as we drew closer to the falls, and the winds blew and the waves crashed... one had the thought that at any moment - perhaps we might be sucked right into this monstrosity of water! On our making our destination, we were fortunate to be encircled by an interesting current, which held us bound, literally at the foot of these massive falls...

    I recall being bundled in that lovely blue poncho that was distributed, needing to clear my glasses frequently because of the extreme shower we were receiving... such a cleansing from God, was the majesty and grandeur of that very vulnerable and humbling moment, at His feet.

    Something I shall never forget... to feel such Presence - in what He has made available - that we might know him.

    Interesting... I do believe the little ferry had a similar experience, for all at once, he made a firm turn and headed back confidently to his final destination... one, in which the little ferry has been doing for decades each and every day; numerous times.



  • profile image

    Kms 10 years ago

    The pictures were great. I found it hard to read the text eith all those great pictures.Thank you

  • compu-smart profile image

    Compu-Smart 10 years ago from London UK

    Beautiful pictures!! This will be the closest i shall ever get to such a grand water feature...

  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Ponnu, Thanks for your good comments.

  • ponnu profile image

    Sreethi 10 years ago from Mumbai

    awesome ,great one and the pic is very attractive

  • ratnaveera profile image

    ratnaveera 10 years ago from Cumbum

    Dear Abhinaya, Thanks for your good comments.

  • profile image

    Abhinaya 10 years ago

    Superb!Great hub and thanks for the beautiful pics.