Facts About Niagara Falls
A Mesmerizing and Amazing Scenic Spot !
Niagara falls, one of the major tourist attractions of both US and Canada , is a dream spot of the people for those who are fond of natural wonders from all over the world. Magnificent and spectacular view of this great falls makes any one to propose to visit in person to get wonderful experiences with violent fall of water, with buzzing, roaring sound and water plume. This is nothing but the great work of nature which transfers water from one of the great lakes of US, Erie to the other great lake Ontario. Months from April to August are favorable time to visit this place to enjoy the natural beauty. Colorful lights provided in both American and Canadian parts of the falls will bring a spectacular view to the people visiting there in night time. There are many number of luxurious hotels nearby Niagara falls. From there any one can enjoy the magnificent view of this great falls by peacefully sitting inside the room with a cup of tea. People visiting there would like to spend some days by staying at nearby hotels to have and enjoy the different views of the falls at different times of the day. The sunshine falling on the falls decorates it with colors of rainbow and massive drop of water with water plume is having a great tendency to create a chill climate in nearby area of Niagara falls.
Getting near the Niagara falls of both American and Canadian counter parts by the ferry boat will be a thrilling experience which could not be ever forgotten by one's life. People travelling in the ferry boat will be provided with rain coats and glasses to avoid getting drenched by the water plume . At the moment of getting near the falls, roaring sound, chillness by water plume and shaking of the ferry boat will bring a terrible experience to the travelling people.
The total view of Niagara Falls
Location and Geography of the falls.
The massive Niagara falls is located on the Niagara river which separates Canadian province of Ontario and US part of Newyork and 17 miles north - north east of Buffalo, Newyork, 75 miles south - south west of Toronto, Ontario.
Niagara falls is composed of three parts namely American falls, Bridal Veil falls and Horseshoe falls (Canadian part). Of which Horseshoe falls (Canadian part) and American falls comprise the major part of the falls. The other smaller part lies in the US area called as Bridal Veil falls. The land mass lying between the Canadian Horseshoe falls and the American falls is known as Goat island. The other land mass lying between the two parts of American falls is called as Luna island.
American falls is slightly elevated to Canadian Horseshoe falls and major part of the water (90%) is diverted, due to gravitational force of earth, to the Canadian part of Horseshoe falls. The American falls is 176 feet high and it's brink length is about 1,075 feet whereas the Canadian part is 167 feet high and has a great crest length of about 2600 feet. Total water flow in Niagara falls is about 2 lacs cubic feet per second which means about 50,000 crores of litres of water per day.
The Source of the Niagara falls
The main source of Niagara falls is the lake Erie, one of the great lakes of America and smallest of all by volume, which is fed by the river Detroit. The maximum length of this great lake is about 400 km and width is about 92 km and has an average depth of 60 feet. In winter snow fall on the toal surface area of this huge lake, about 26,000 sq. km, will make a snow bed at a height of a few metres and the same melts in summer to feed Niagara falls. The river Detroit flowing into the lake Erie is the other source of Niagara falls.
Before 18,000 years the Erie lake was covered by the snow bed of 2 to 3 km thick and later this huge ice mass gently moved southwards leaving a huge mass of water to form this great lake. Though it is the smallest of all by the volume, the lake is so huge that if the total water of the lake were drained out through the Niagara falls, after stopping the inflow, with the same current flow rate, it would take more than 1,000 days to completely clear the water of the Erie lake.
This is the aerial view of both Canadian and American parts of Niagara Falls.
Erosion by Niagara falls
Niagara falls has undergone dramatic change due to the natural forces of erosion. The natural bed rock composed of soft shale and lime stone is being easily eroded and could not stand with violent current of the water. Being higher than Canadian part (Horseshoe falls) erosion on the crest line of American falls is considerably decreased by the diversion of most part of the water to the counter part. Every year Niagara falls loses about one foot of it's total height. The predictors are saying that the same current erosion rate is so powerful to change this great falls as a fast flowing stream after many decades of years.
Dare Devil Activities in Niagara Falls
Obviously it is true that man has no power to fight and face against the super natural things like Niagara falls as most of the daring met the failure. It will be safe and nice when we enjoy this type of great things by viewing in a safer distance, sometimes we can also get thrilling experiences of getting closer to the falls. But daring the super falls like Niagara is almost equal to an attempt of suicide. The government and people should not encourage those darings as the value of our life is always more than the popularity achieved by those daring events.
Many people were plunged to death when they were daring the falls in a barrel. On October 24th 1901 Annie Taylor was the first person to conquer the falls in a barrel. On July 25th 1911 Boddy leach plunged over the falls in a steel barrel. Boddy broke his both knee caps and jaw during his daring event. On July 5th 1930 a Greek waitor named Goerge L. Statakis suffocated to death after his barrel was trapped behind the falls for more than 14 hours. On July 3rd,1984 a Canadian conquered the falls for the first time. On October 5th, 1985 a Canadian merchant John Super Dava made a successful trip in his barrel. On October 1st, 1995 Robert Overcraker rode a jetski over the brink of Horse shoe falls. In his daring his parachute failed to open and plunged to death.