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California Desert: Anza- Borrego
There is a pristine beauty to the desert which many fail to appreciate. Instead, it is seen as a barren and dusty expanse of land between mountains, unbearably hot, dotted w/ odd cactus and tumbleweeds, and populated by rattlesnakes and scorpions. Yep, "death valley" pretty much sums it up!
On the other hand, as the sun sits lower in the sky, there is an exquisite play of shadow and light creating depth in a beautiful palette of pastel hues: purples, corals, blues and pinks. I can see why Georgia O'Keefe felt compelled to paint it! When the right conditions bring rain, the seeds from the prior spring's flowers germinate and the desert comes alive in a burst of colorful bloom. This is a total transformation! I recommend a spring visit and promise it will change any misconceptions of the desert as a lifeless wasteland.
Of all places on earth, the desert is likely the most fragile. Although the plant life is able to withstand extreme fluctuations of temperature and prolonged periods of drought, it does not easily recover from careless human encroachment. When native flora is disturbed, the fauna that depends on it is also adversely affected.
In 1994, the California Desert Protection Act was signed into law by Bill Clinton, and the Mojave National Preserve joined Death Valley and Joshua Tree as federally protected wilderness areas. The law has since been amended to further expand protected boundaries and to allow for sustainable energy generation by wind turbines.
Since the desert is so vast and lacks prominent landmarks, it is easy to find oneself lost and without enough water. Here are some practical tips:
- Always let others know where you are headed.
- Carry a well-charged cellphone
- Use available guide maps.
- STAY ON THE TRAILS.
- Always carry more water than you think you'll need and be aware of salt depletion.
- Take a hat, sunscreen, and a bandana.
- Wear closed- toed shoes and beware of cholla cactus debris on the trails.
Here in Southern California, we have the Anza-Borrego Desert State Park. A Sonoran desert habitat, this remarkable area allows for a wide range of activities including camping, biking, horseback riding, bird watching, hiking, and nature study. It is also home to bighorn sheep and collections of both historical and cultural significance. It's 600,000 acres make it the second largest state park in the continental United States.
February through April are the best times to see the glorious wildflower displays amidst the native desert trees, shrubs, and cacti. Behold the stunning yellows and golds of the brittlebush, tidy tips, and poppies; the blues of the phacelias, lupines, milk vetch, and sand verbena; the whites of the desert chicory, primrose, yucca, and Salvia apiana; and the vibrant reds of the ocotillo, Indian paintbrush, and justicia.
In the Borrego Valley, wild flower sightings include white primrose punctuated with the red blooming ocotillo trees and lavender sand verbena, a favorite host plant for the white-lined sphinx moth caterpillar. Keep a lookout for lizards and the California chuckwalla. As temperatures warm and the blossoms fade here, more flowers can typically be found at higher elevations and in the canyons.
San Felipe Canyon is a good place for bird watching because more trees and woody plants can be found here including desert ironwood, catclaw acacia, and smoke tree. The red tubular flowers of the justicia attract many hummingbirds. Yaqui Well is an easily accessible watering hole used by native Americans and often clumps of cattails can be found here. Cholla cactus, yucca, creosote bush, Indian paintbrush, ocotillo, opuntia, and California barrel cactus abound along the trail.
Another natural oasis, but a much more rugged hike, is Palm Canyon. Here are pools, waterfalls, and the only palms native to the Southwest: Washingtonia filifera, the desert fan palm. Winter and spring are the best times to take to this trail. There are two levels to this hike, and the 2nd leg involves much strenuous boulder hopping. This location is teeming with birds, bees, and butterflies which are attracted to the pollen-rich blooms, and rock overhangs offer a respite from the direct sun. It is one of the most popular spots for experienced hikers.
I'd recommend a day hike to Ghost Mountain to see what's left of Yaquitepec, the legendary home of writer Marshal South and his family. The trail, accessed from Blair Valley, is about a mile. Enjoy a picnic while contemplating their seventeen years of living off of the rugged land in the 1930s and 1940s.
Darkness in the Anza-Borrego brings some of the best star-gazing opportunities. It is also the time to see bats which come to catch insects and pollinate the cactus flowers. Listen for the yip of coyotes and the hoots of owls. Consider overnight camping after a day of exploring and nature photography. Those with a passion for outdoor adventure and hiking may consider a week-long stay.
Wildflower bloom will always be contingent upon rainfall, wind, and temperatures. Deserts are places of rugged beauty shaped by the fast moving torrents of water from flash floods and the erosion from high winds. I'd suggest checking the website before a visit to get the latest updates on wildflowers and conditions. Enjoy the beauty, capture it with a camera, and leave no trace of your visit except in the guest register!
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park
© 2011 Catherine Tally