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New York City, New York, USA

Updated on January 21, 2016

The City of New York or NYC has the highest population density in the United States. It is also one of the most populous urban centers in the world today. More than eight million people are residing in 305 square miles of land area. Because of the diversity of the population, more than 800 languages are spoken. Every year, more than 50 million tourists arrive to see the sights, visit the landmarks, and take part in important cultural, diplomatic, and sports events.

New York City is the financial capital of the world. It remains the most important commercial and business hub in the globe. Fortune 500 companies are headquartered in the city. It is also an important center for culture, entertainment, fashion, technology, diplomacy, education, and media.

The Statue of Liberty is one of the most important landmarks in the city. It has also become a symbol of American democracy. New York City was an important point of entry for immigrants looking to establish themselves in the New World.

NYC is in the southeastern portion of New York State. It was founded as New Amsterdam in 1624, and served as an important trading post until the English took control in 1664. The city served as the US capital from 1785 to 1790. New York was established as a single city in 1989. It consists of five boroughs, namely the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. Within these boroughs are hundreds of neighborhoods.

The five boroughs

Of the five boroughs of New York City, the Bronx, which is the birthplace of hip-hop and rap, is located mostly in the mainland. Two of the most visited tourist attractions in Bronx County are the Bronx Zoo and Yankee Stadium. Co-op City is the largest coop-owned housing complex in America.

Brooklyn is also known as Kings County, and has one of the highest population densities of the five boroughs. One of the first amusement parks in the country—Coney Island—is located in Brooklyn, which is concentrated on Long Island’s western tip. Brooklyn is famous for its art scene and architectural heritage.

Manhattan or New York County is located on Manhattan Island, surrounding islands, and a portion of the mainland adjacent to the Bronx. Manhattan is famous the world over for its skyscrapers, Central Park, and financial district. Most of New York City’s cultural attractions, academic institutions, and corporate centers are in Manhattan. The spacious United Nations complex on Turtle Bay has served as the official headquarters of the UN since 1952.

Queens County is the most ethnically diverse urban area not only in New York, but also in the entire world. LaGuardia Airport and John F. Kennedy International Airport are located in Queens. The area is also famous amongst sports fans for the New York Mets and the annual US Open tennis tournament.

Staten Island or Richmond County is a suburban area boasting of the Staten Island Greenbelt characterized by undisturbed forest and 45 kilometres (28 miles) of trails. The Staten Island Ferry connects the county to Manhattan. Meanwhile, the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge to Brooklyn connects Staten Island.

Geography and climate

The five boroughs of New York are located on a small portion of the mainland USA and on three islands, namely Manhattan, Long Island, and Staten Island. New York is located on at the mouth of the Hudson River on one of the biggest natural harbors in the world. Because of its geographical location, New York prospered as a trading port from the day of its founding. In colonial times and until present time, reclamation has become a means of expanding land area to accommodate the growing population.

The Hudson River flows directly into New York Bay and serves as border between NYC and New Jersey. The Bronx and Manhattan are separated from the Bronx by a tidal straight, the East River. The Bronx and Manhattan are separated by the tidal strait known as the Harlem River. The only freshwater river in New York City is the Bronx River.

New York City has a humid subtropical climate. Parts of the suburbs in the northwest lie on the transitional belt from humid subtropical to humid continental climate. The hottest month of the year is July, with mean summer temperatures at 76.5 °F (24.7 °C). The coldest month of the year is usually January, with a mean temperature of 32.6 °F (0.3 °C). Spring and autumn usually harbor mild temperatures, but it can vary from warm to chilly. Based on temperature records, New York City has experienced extreme heat up to 106 °F (41 °C) on July 9, 1936 and extreme cold at −15 °F (−26 °C) on February 9, 1934. New York City is typically spared from the brunt of hurricane wind, until Hurricane Sandy came along in 2012 and caused significant flooding and power outages.

Tourism

The tourism industry has a significant impact on New York City economy. “I Love New York” is a trademark promotional stint launched in 1977 that continues to attract domestic and foreign tourists to the five boroughs.

In the outer boroughs, some of the biggest tourist magnets are Coney Island, the Bronx Zoo, the New York Botanical Garden, Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, the Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor, Brooklyn Bridge, Ellis Island, and Staten Island Ferry.

Meanwhile, Manhattan boasts of some of the prime tourists spots in the United States, including Broadway, Wall Street, Times Square, the Empire State Building, Chrysler Building, Rockefeller Center, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Trinity Church, the Metropolitan Museum of Art (The Met), Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), the American Museum of Natural History, Carnegie Hall, Apollo Theater in Harlem, the New York Public Library, the UN Headquarters, Central Park, Battery Park, Chinatown, Madison Avenue, Fifth Avenue, and One World Trade Center, which is the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere.

Culture

New York City is a prominent entertainment center in America. It is the second largest center for television productions and filmmaking in the country. Hundreds of commercials are produced in New York every year. The city rivals Los Angeles as the location for television series pilots. New York City is also the most important center for independent filmmaking, with one-third of all indie films in the country being produced in the city. Aside from film and television, print and publishing also thrive in NYC, as well as music and digital media. Some of the biggest advertising, magazine and newspaper companies are based in the city.

It is worth mentioning that two of three daily national papers are printed in New York. These are The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. Cable networks based in NYC are HBO, Fox News, Food Network, MTV, Showtime, AMC, Comedy Central and Bravo. The city is also the home of NBC, CBS, and ABC, America’s three biggest broadcasting networks.

The city government provides funding to artistic endeavors. It is therefore not surprising that New York as more than 2,000 active cultural and arts organizations. Broadway theaters have been offering stage productions since the late 19th century. New York is also home to some of the most distinguished arts organizations in the United States, including the New York City Ballet, the New York Philharmonic, and Juilliard School. Meanwhile, the semi-annual New York Fashion Week is one of the Big 4 fashion events where the world’s biggest brands and fashion icons gather.

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