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Ancient Cities along the Deltas of the River Nile

Updated on February 13, 2015
Formation of Deltas
Formation of Deltas

Deltas- how they are formed

  • SPEAKING of landforms, a delta is a deposit of sediment at the bend or elbow, especially at the mouth of a river.
  • This delta has been accumulating sediments for long periods of time.
  • These deposit of sediments are composed of gravel, sand, silt and clay which are byproducts of erosion.
  • Strong flood currents and heavy downpour caused by rainy seasons triggered the erosion of river banks and carry these sediments and all to form river deltas.

Nile River delta
Nile River delta

Ancient people found the river deltas productive and settle on them

  • The ease of transportation and communication provided by the scenic Nile River of ancient times as well as the possibility and promise of a bumper crop harvest provided by the fertile Nile River deltas, attracted tribes of people to settle in these Deltas.
  • In the previous hub, I have covered and featured 3 such settlements as ALEXANDRIA, CAIRO and DAMANHUR.
  • Now I'll be presenting and featuring another 3 ancient settlements that have made full and extensive benefits of the Nile deltas. These are DAMIETTA, ROSETTA and GOSHEN.

Damietta city as of today
Damietta city as of today
Damietta city today
Damietta city today

Damietta is a port and capital city of Domyat, Egypt

  • DAMIETTA is a port and the capital city of the governorate of Domyat, Egypt.
  • It is found at the intersection between the Miditerranean Sea and the Nile. Situated about 200 kilometers or 120 miles north of Cairo and with a population of 1,093,580 (2006), Damietta was called Tamyat in ancient Egypt.
  • Today Damietta is connected to the Nile by a canal, which has made it an important port once more.
  • It is now a modern city. It is the seat of SEGAS LNG or Liquefied Natural Gas Plant. A 3600 MTPD gas plant is scheduled to be finished this year .
  • Among its economic activities, Damietta is noted for white Damiat cheese or other dairy products, furniture and woodwork antiques, pattisiare and Egyptian desserts, containers transport and fish.

Location of Rosetta City
Location of Rosetta City
Rosetta City
Rosetta City

Rosetta is a port city on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt

  • LOCATED some 65 kilometers or 40 miles east of Alexandria, the town of Rashid came to be known in the west as ROSETTA (Rosette) the name by which it was referred to by the French during Napoleon Bonaparte's campaign in Egypt.
  • Founded about AD 800, Rosetta with a population of 58,432 (1996) is a port city on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt.
  • It is famous as the site where a large piece of black basalt bearing an inscription in Egyptian hieroglyphics (ancient Egyptian writing using picture or symbol) was found by Napoleon's French soldiers in 1799.
  • This basalt which is better known as ROSETTA STONE is now kept in the British Museum was the key to the deciphering or correct interpretation of ancient Egyptian writings.

Ancient house in Rosetta
Ancient house in Rosetta

Ancient beautiful houses in Rosetta

  • Beautiful houses from the 17th to the 19th centuries are prominent features of Rosetta which was once the most important port of Egypt and a major center of trade on the Mediterranean and
  • it continued to flourish until the construction of the Mahmudiyeh Canal and the improvement of the harbour ot Alexandria diverted most of its trades to the latter city.

Goshen City today
Goshen City today

Israelites settled Goshen for more than 430 years until the Exodus

  • GOSHEN is located in northeastern Egypt in the delta of the Nile River where it empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
  • To the east is Sinai Peninsula. To the south are the famous pyramids and the Valley of the Kings where many mummies have been discovered.
  • Goshen is a province in Egypt that was given to the Israelites for settlements and where they would remain for more than 430 years (Exodus 12:40-41) until the Exodus when Moses led them out on their wilderness journey to the promised land.
  • The place was a fertile area in the Nile delta. This is the only place within Egypt that was spared free from the 10 supernatural plagues suffered by the Egyptians as a result of the Pharoah's obstinacy to grant freedom to the Hebrews.

Multitudes of Israelites
Multitudes of Israelites

Israelites rapidly grew in number

  • The Israelites were fruitful and increased greatly, they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong and so Goshen in Egypt was filled with them.
  • A military census taken not long after the Exodus listed 603,550 twenty-year-old and over able-bodied men who could serve in the army (Exodus 28:36)
  • From that number, it was estimated that the total Israelite population that time was 2 to 3 million. (Written April 2, 2010)


Related Hub:

· Ancient Settlements On The Delta Of The Nile River

· The World's Longest River



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    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Sorry, no joy about it here. Begin's breaking down and trinyg to be G-d was the beginning of the end, the precedent for Disengagement and worse, even though some of the communities destroyed two years ago were compensation for his deal.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      i went on a Nile cruise in January , and did didnt have any promelbs with insects .but you can take with you a mosquito repelent to be on the safe side .in Egypt , drink bottled water and brush your teeth with it .apply sunblock to exposed parts of your body .wear a hat when you are in the sun .take cotton clothes to wear in the sun when it is 25C , but have a warm jacket for the evenings which are cold , abt 7 C in Aswan and Luxor .in Cairo , it would be 18 C am and 6 C pm.

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Your comment is awinitag moderation. November 13, 2010 at 11:22 pmI was 15 and my name was still Ethan Hurwitz. I was a nice, good Bar Mitzvah boy from Roslyn and Eppy loved me so much that he made a deal with me that I could come in the back door to any show I wanted, and for free, if I promised not to drink under age (age was 18 then)e280a6 I kept the promise (when inside the club that is) and I saw some amazing acts, many who became superstars, many who already were superstars (like Billy) and many who were there at MFP on their first e2809cWorld Toure2809d, like the Police.By 16 my band from Roslyn High School won the battle of the bands at MFPe280a6We opened that night for David Johansen (Buster Poindexter)e280a6 as well as on another night for the new star of Saturday Night Livee280a6 Eddie Murphye280a6By 17 I had a hit record with e2809cFAMEe2809d (the original Fame), It sold 3 million copies in the UK, and by 18, my name was Ethan Hurt (legally changed years later by a judge in New York) I was on tour and making records for years in the UK, Germany, Holland, etc, etc. etce280a6 and sold several million records in all.Eppy, My Fathere28099s Place, the scene, the music, was the life experience that inspired me to do so many things in the music and film businesses. And although I was never a household name in the USA, because of my experiences in Roslyn and at MFP I made lots of music and friends in the industrye280a6 I attribute the inspiration of MFP, the musicians and Eppy himself, to being a major influence in the course of my life and career. I am sure anyone would agree, that time, that era, was magic-time!


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