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Norwich: Brief History About This Amazing City In Connecticut

Updated on August 11, 2016
Norwich Falls
Norwich Falls | Source


Norwich is located in Connecticut and it is known as the Rose of New England. Not only that, but the town is rich with history. This article will go over the city's history, and afterwards you can decide whether or not you want to visit it.


The city was originally named Norwichtown, and it was founded in 1959. Major John Mason, as well as Reverend James Fitch, and their settlers were the ones who founded the city. Uncas, a Native Mohegan Sachem sold the land to the settlers and eventually a settlement was formed around the Norwichtown Green. Eventually, the 69 founding families made the decision to divide the land for farming purposes, as well as for businesses.

Eventually, ships were able to offload goods at the harbor, and this was after public landing was built at Thames River's head, and this all happened by 1694. The west and the east roads was how people got to Norwichtown and the port. Eventually, the roads became Broadway and Washington Street.

More History

For many years, farming was important in Norwichtown, but by the late 18th century, shipping at the harbor became more important than that. One of the reasons why is because industrial mills started to manufacture. However, farming was still important.

The Chelsea neighborhood is where the center of Norwich was moved to, which was by the early 19th century. The harbor area was where the city's official buildings were located, and these buildings included the 19th-century urban blocks, as well as the courts, post office and the City Hall. In order to distinguish it from the city, the previous center is called Norwichtown.

Furthermore, merchants in Norwich were shipping goods from England, but Norwich had to become more self-efficient. This was because of the 1764 Stamp Act. Eventually, mills and factories started to sprang up. Norwich and New London ship captains became good at avoiding imperial taxation, and they were good at eluding warships at time of war.

Norwich played an important role in the American Revolution war. In fact, it supported independence, and it supplied ships, munitions, as well as soldiers. The Sons of Liberty were also known for being active in Norwich.

Benedict Arnold was one of the most reputable and prominent figures during the Revolutionary war. He was also born in Norwich. There were other reputable people, such as Daniel Lathrop and Samuel Huntington.

In the early 19th century, Norwich was able to prosper further, thanks to steamship service between Boston and New York. Also, Norwich experience a growth in specialty item manufacturing, as well as armaments and textile. Not only that, but goods and people were able to be brought in and out of Norwich, thanks to the Norwich and the Worcester Railroad.


As you can see, Norwich is rich with history. It's no secret why Norwich is one of the most famous cities in the country. If you want to learn more about Norwich and experience what it has to offer, then you should pay Norwich a visit.

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