ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Panchabhuta Stalam : Lord Shiva as the five Prime elements

Updated on April 13, 2015
Source

Introduction : Panchabhuta Sthalam

Panchabhuta refers to the five elements of Nature, viz. Kshiti (Earth), App (Water), Tej (Fire), Marut (Wind) & Byom or Vyom (Sky or Space), & Sthalam means place. Panchabhuta Sthalam are five ancient temples dedicated to Lord Shiva each representing the manifestation of one of these five prime elements of nature. All the five temples are located in South India, four in the state of Tamil Nadu, & the fifth one in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Each of these temples is considered highly sacred, & a visit to these is considered an important act of pilgrimage. A person who completes the trip is regarded a highly pious one, & held in great esteem.

Panchabhuta Sthalam : the temples

The five temples representing the five prime elements are :

  1. Ekambareswar temple at Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu representing Kshiti or Earth.
  2. Jambukeswar at Thiruvanaikaval (near Thiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu) representing App or water.
  3. Annamalaiar or Arunachalam in Thiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu representing Tej or Fire.
  4. Shrikalahastiswar temple at Shrikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh representing Marut or Wind, &
  5. Thillai Nataraja temple at Chidambaram in Tamuil Nadu representing the Vyom or Sky/space.

Shrikalahasti temple 1; represents Vayu (wind)
Shrikalahasti temple 1; represents Vayu (wind)
Shrikalahasti temple 2; represents Vayu (wind)
Shrikalahasti temple 2; represents Vayu (wind)
Arunachalam 1; represents Agni/Tej (Fire)
Arunachalam 1; represents Agni/Tej (Fire)
Arunachalam 2; represents Agni/Tej (Fire)
Arunachalam 2; represents Agni/Tej (Fire)
Chidambaram; representing Vyom (Sky/Space)
Chidambaram; representing Vyom (Sky/Space)
Ekambareswar : represents Kshiti/Prithvi (Earth)
Ekambareswar : represents Kshiti/Prithvi (Earth)
Jambukeswar 1 : represents App (Water)
Jambukeswar 1 : represents App (Water)
Inside Jambukeswar Temple ; represents App (Water)
Inside Jambukeswar Temple ; represents App (Water)

Panchabhuta Sthalam : Geographical significance

It is highly interesting to note that four of the five (Ekambareswar , Annamalaiar , Shrikalahastiswar & Thillai Nataraja temples ) of these widely separated temples are located in the same longitude of 79 degrees East, & the fifth one(Jambukeswar ) is at 78.7 degrees. How these temples were constructed in the old ages precisely at the same longitude is really perplexing, & signifies the high standard of ancient Indian Engineering & Geographical Science.

Panchabhuta Sthalam : Exact Co-ordinates

These are as follows :

  1. Ekambareswar temple at Kanchipuram : 12.847604 N, 79.699798 E.
  2. Annamalaiar or Arunachalam in Thiruvannamalai : 12.231942 N , 79.067694 E.
  3. Shrikalahastiswar at Shrikalahasti in Andhra Pradesh : 13.749802 N, 79.698410 E.
  4. Nataraja temple at Chidambaram in Tamuil Nadu: 11.399596 N, 79.693559 E.
  5. Jambukeswar at Thiruvanaikaval (near Thiruchirapalli in Tamil Nadu) : 10.853383 N, 78.705455 E.

Panchabhuta Sthalam : Religious significance

Each of these temples houses a Shiva Lingam which is considered as the manifestation of one particular Prime Elements of Nature. These are :

  1. Ekambareswar : The Prithvi Lingam representing the Earth;
  2. Annamalaiar or Arunachalam: The Agni Lingam representing the Fire;
  3. Shrikalahastiswar : The Vayu Lingam representing the Wind;
  4. Thillai Nataraja : The Vyom Lingam representing the Sky/Space, &
  5. Jambukeswar : The Appu Lingam representing the Water.

It is believed that anyone who completes the pilgrimage of visiting the five shrines gets Moksha or Eternal Bliss & will not be born again.

Conclusion

The Panchabhuta Sthalam has such importance both religious & Historical as well as Archeological, that each of these five temples needs a separate discussion. And exactly that will be done here in five separate Parts which follow.

Shrikalahastiswar Shiva Lingam; there is a lamp near it the flame of which always flickers as if blown by wind.
Shrikalahastiswar Shiva Lingam; there is a lamp near it the flame of which always flickers as if blown by wind.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)