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Travel Kolkata: Parasnath Jain Temple (Glass temple)

Updated on May 9, 2016

Principal Diety, Parashnath Temple

Shree Sheetalnath Swami,The Tenth Teerthankara.
Shree Sheetalnath Swami,The Tenth Teerthankara.

Parashnath, The Glass Temple

The Parasnath Temple
The Parasnath Temple

Rai Badridas builder of Parasnath temple


Wanna visit Kolkata? The capital of West Bengal, India? A must visit is Parashnath Jain temple built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim.

Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim, Court Jewelers, H.E. the Viceroy and Governor General of British India built this beautiful Jain temple and garden in 1867. Rai Badridas was the pioneer of Johari Sath Community. He himself was the designer and architect of this temple according to "Glimpses of Bengal", published in 1905.

The throne of the main Deity Shree Sheetalnath, the tenth Tirthankara in the inner sanctum of the temple is decorated with real gemstones and silver. The entire temple and outside campus are beautifully decorated with Belgian glass. The garden surrounding the temple is also built of glass.

There are other idols made of Emerald, ruby and other precious gemstones in the temple.

He built this temple to satisfy the urge of his mother Shrimati Khushal Devi, W / O late Shree Kalkadas Sindhar who had observed penance and austerity throughout her life. She performed Ayambil tap, Navpad Oli for long forty-five years.

Integrated settings of colorful glass inside the temple

Roof of inner Veranda in Parasnath temple
Roof of inner Veranda in Parasnath temple
Arch inside Parasnath temple
Arch inside Parasnath temple
Upper side of inner wall in Parasnath temple
Upper side of inner wall in Parasnath temple

Story behind building Parasnath Jain temple


There is a story behind it. Rai Badridas find his fortune in Gems and Jewelry business in Kolkata and earned huge money. He accumulated enough wealth and bought a piece of land near Jain Dadabadi in Maniktalla region of Kolkata. He wanted a garden house for a luxurious stay there. He informed his mother with joy that he had bought a piece of land to build the same. His mother was a religious lady and was not crazy about mundane things. She warned her son Badridas that he would be involved in worldly luxuries and forget God.

Badridas asked his mother about her will. The mother replied that she would be happy if her son builds a temple of God. Rai Badridas, a devoted son of his mother had done accordingly and built the world famous temple.

The then British Government in India built a huge ornamental gate (photo of the inscription is added in this hub) in the main road (Lower circular road at that time), presently A.P.C. Road that leads to the street where the temple is situated. The street itself is named after the temple, Badridas temple street.

Mookim family, present successors of Rai Badridas are managing the temple nowadays. recently they have added fountains to the pond inside the campus.

Extended Beauty

Deva Vimana (Heavenly Vehicle)at both sides of the temple.
Deva Vimana (Heavenly Vehicle)at both sides of the temple.
Garden made of glass and porcelien
Garden made of glass and porcelien
Glass Garden with Iron Carvings
Glass Garden with Iron Carvings

Rai Badridas Bahadoor Mookim

Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim: Founder of the Parasnath Temple
Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim: Founder of the Parasnath Temple

Chandelier and Pillar inside Parasnath temple

Integrated glass carvings inside pillar
Integrated glass carvings inside pillar
Huge Chandelier 108 lamp shed and 1008 glass bulbs
Huge Chandelier 108 lamp shed and 1008 glass bulbs
Integrated glass carvings inside pillar
Integrated glass carvings inside pillar

Inscription in Parasnath gate

Inscriptions at Parashnath gate. Name of Rai Badridas Bahadoor Mookim is there.
Inscriptions at Parashnath gate. Name of Rai Badridas Bahadoor Mookim is there.

Parasnath Jain Temple, Kolkata

Mahavir Swami temple near Parasnath, Kolkata

Outside Parasnath Temple Kolkata

Integrated colorful glass settings in outer wall of Parasnath Temple
Integrated colorful glass settings in outer wall of Parasnath Temple
Decorative hut in front of the temple
Decorative hut in front of the temple
Integrated colorful glass settings in outer wall of Parasnath Temple
Integrated colorful glass settings in outer wall of Parasnath Temple

Parasnath Temple

A markerbadridas temple kolkata -
Badri Das Temple Rd, Maniktala, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
get directions

Parasnath temple is built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim in 1867. The main deity is Jain Tirthankar Shitalnath. It is built entirely in glass.

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    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
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      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Bijoy,

      Parasnath temple is open for all. However, I don't know about Nakhoda maszid.

    • profile image

      Bijoy Das 2 years ago

      Can u tell me that Paraswanath Temple and Nakhoda masjid is open all religion people?

      Its is very helpful for me.Thanks.

    • profile image

      kushal 4 years ago

      very nice work

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 5 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Kirit,

      Thanks for your comment. I really forgot that to mention and thanks again for reminding.

    • profile image

      Kirit Mehta 5 years ago

      Dear Sri Jyotibhai,

      A nice description of Jain temple. I lived in Kolkata

      from 1954 to 1997, and now I have moved to USA,since1997.

      I really miss this nice temple. But in my opinion you

      forgot to mention about 'Akhand Jyot ' in temple burning

      for more that 100 years, but it does not produce Black

      Mash ( black ashes ) but rather produces saffron colour

      hue on a 'chhatra' over the Diya.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 5 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Mayank,

      You have posted comment with questions but no link to answer. I am answering here in the comment section.

      Q 1. Pls send me the details. distance between Kolkata airport to the temple and the convenience available there to reach the temple.....

      Ans.1. It is proximately 12 Km from the Airport. Both bus and taxi available.

      Q2. also from temple to Sidh Kshetra "Shikharji's "distance.....

      Ans 2. Shikharji is about 300 KM from Kolkata. You can reach there via Giridih or Parasnath.

      Q3. Rooms available there or not?

      Ans 3. Rooms available at Sheetalnath Bhawan inside temple premises.

    • profile image

      mayank jain 5 years ago

      pls send me the details. distance between kolkata airport to the temple and the convence available there to reach the temple.....

      also from temple to Sidh Kshetra "Shikharji's "distance.....

      rooms available there or not?

    • profile image

      arihant 5 years ago

      nice photos..............!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      dilip jamgaonkar 5 years ago

      is there any jain dharmshala in kolkata.if there is give address and phone number pl.

    • profile image

      Hardik, Ahmedabad 6 years ago

      Hi, do they have dharmashala there ? can you give there ocntact no.

    • profile image

      anupam jain 6 years ago

      most beautiful pic......

    • profile image

      Hitesh Jain 6 years ago

      This is beautiful place for all and specially for jain's. I want to see this place more and more ............

    • profile image

      Andrew Puzauskas 6 years ago

      Hello Jyoti,I bought a Jain Sheetalnath statue 20 years ago at a local estate auction.I assumed at first that it was a Buddha.It is a solid lost wax casting and has a sitala on chest and on upturned palm of left hand in his lap.He sits in lotus posture on triangular base.He is skyclad-digambara style and auctioneer said it was brought to America by a US military person from Tibet.I sent pictures and description to Los Angeles Art Museum and was told it was made in northern India about year 1750.Because I realize such images are highly venerated by Jains I wonder if you have any interest in repatriating item back to somewhere where it will be appreciated and venerated.I do believe it may have precious metal content because it is so heavy and so plan to get xray fluorescent test which will not harm it in any way to determine this.Although it is only about 8 1/2 inches tall and 6 1/4 wide it weighs over 17 lbs and feels like lead.I am interested to see what you think of my idea.You may reply to me at andypuzauskas@yahoo.com.Best Regards,andrew.

    • Bijosh profile image

      Bijosh 6 years ago from from the cosmic sea, sustaining life and radiating purity.

      Nice article, informative and attractive. I am a fan of you. Please do accept me..

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Ravi,

      Thanks for your comment and compliments!

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      ravi 7 years ago

      excellent!superb!

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Sumeet,

      i have sent you a mail with links.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      sumit Dhanawat 7 years ago

      Please any one can send me photographs of lord parasvanath

      at sumit50874@hotmail.com

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Bonny2010,

      Thanks for visiting this hub. This temple is built by my ancestors and therefore I have special interest on this temple.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • bonny2010 profile image

      bonetta hartig 7 years ago from outback queensland

      this is a beautiful hub, pictures are superb and the information very interesting - thank you for the opportunity to see such splendid works of art

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Rinkle,

      You can stay in Sheetalnath Bhawan inside the campus of Parasnath Temple. I will give you contact number.

      Thanks,

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      rinkle 7 years ago

      hello sir i liked the photographs. i am comin from mumbai in 25th dec 2009 and we plan to stay in jain dharamshala.kindly let me know where could i stay only for one day and visit all these temples too.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Shanekruger,

      Thanks for your comment. Would you like to visit? This is our ancestral property.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • shanekruger profile image

      shanekruger 7 years ago

      WOW! Very Good Looking Gallery

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Shyam,

      To the best of my knowledge, attaching Google map is not possible in hubpages.

      This temple is near Rangana theatre and Khanna cinema. It is between Maniktalla and Shyambazar.

      Photography by the outsiders is allowed for the outer. This temple belong to my family. If you want to photograph I will arrange for that.

      Thanks,

      Jyoti Kothari

    • shyamchat profile image

      shyamchat 7 years ago from Calcutta

      Is it possible to attach a google map ?

      Is this temple on Lower or Upper Circular Road?

      Is photography by outsiders allowed?

    • profile image

      Deven Jain 8 years ago

      Very nice photo gallery of Parasnath glass temple. Seeing is believing.

      fantastic rate up.

      Deven Jain

    • profile image

      Sunil Jain 8 years ago

      Jyoti Kothari,

      Parasnath jain temple is the place I visited in 1985 or 86. Thanks for posting nice photo gallery of parasnath glass temple, a Jain temple worth visit. It has refreshed my memory.

      Thanks for posting nice pictures. Awesomw hub.

      Thumbs up.

      Sunil Jain

    • JonTutor profile image

      JonTutor 8 years ago from USA

      Thanks Dude for explaining.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi John Tutor,

      Parasnath is Tirthankar that is equivalent to God in Christianity. Jain believes that one can become God by eliminating ignorance and craving along with anger, ego, deception and greed.

      Thanks,

      Jyoti Kothari

    • JonTutor profile image

      JonTutor 8 years ago from USA

      Great photos.... Parasnath considered Saint/God?

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      i am preparing some more photos to post on here. You can see Mahaveer swami temple video too in my Kolkata hub.

      Thanks for commenting.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Neptune Srimal 8 years ago

      Jyoti,

      Thanks for posting these beautiful pictures. A lot of my childhood days were spent playing in those gardens.

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 8 years ago from Chicago

      This is an amazing place! Thank you for sharing the information and gorgeous photographs. I enjoyed it thoroughly.

    • profile image

      Jawahar Jain 8 years ago

      Jyoti Kothari,

      This is a very good hub for Jain temple. I liked it.

      Jawahar Jain

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Rick49,

      Thanks. wanna visit this temple?

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Rick49 8 years ago

      The Parashnath temple is a beautiful place. Nice pictures JYOTI

    • profile image

      Shantanu Mukherjee 8 years ago

      Dear Jyoti Kothari,

      I am from Burdwan, near Kolkata but never visited this temple. Wonderful pictures of the Parashnath Jain temple have tempted me to visit the place. It is surprising that Rai Badridas himself had designed this unique temple.

      Shantanu