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Travel Bengal: Jain Temples in historic Murshidabad Photo gallery
Tirthankar Idols at Rambagh, Azimganj
Murshidabad, place of Nawabs and Shaharwali community
Large numbers of tourists visit Murshidabad, a historical district in West Bengal province in India.They travel long way from different parts in the world to see beautiful Jain temples along with the historical palaces, tombs and other ruins of Nawabs of Murshidabad.
Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan established the city of Murshidabad in the seventeenth century. Jagat Seth Manikchand Gelda of Jain community came along with Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan to live in. Some other Jain families from Rajasthan came following him and started residing near Murshidabad. Murshidabad is a district nowadays and Azimganj and Jiaganj are the main Jain cities.
Shwetambar Jain community in Murshidabad is known as Shaharwali society. The community was rich, aristocrat and religious minded. They not only spent on maintaining their aristocracy and lifestyle but also spent huge amount of money to build marvelous temples and Dadabadi showing their religious devotion. There are fourteen Jain temples in these twin cities situated both sides of river Bhagirathi (The Ganges). These temples are examples of architectural beauty.
Idols in Kirat Bagh
Sambhavanath Temple, Jiaganj
Other images at Rambagh, Azimganj
Jain temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj
There are temples of Tirthankar Neminath, Shantinath, Chintamani Parsvanath, Sumatinath, Padmaprabhu, Sambhavanath, Gaudi Parshvanath and Sanwalia Parasnath (popularly known as Rambagh) along with a Dadabadi at Rambagh in Azimganj city. A pond between Parasnath temple and Dadabadi at Rambagh and beautifully decorated garden enhances natural beauty of the place many folds.
Jiaganj has temples of Lord Parasnath, Sambhavanath, Vimalnath and Rishabhdev Adinath besides a Dadabadi at Kiratbagh. There is a temple of Adinath shree Rshabhadeva and a Dadabadi in Kathgola near Nashipur.
Most of the temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj are very big in size with large courtyards. These have beautiful idols of Tirthankaras and other gods and goddesses. One can see Tirthankar idols of Gemstones at Chintamani Parasnath Temple in Azimganj. These historical temples are beautifully decorated and well designed. These temples are monuments of British India. The temples are depicting Jain styles amalgamated with Muslim and European architecture.
Kathgola Jain temple garden at Nashipur, Murshidabad
Adinath temple and garden at Kathgola
Kathgola is another famous Jain temple situated near Nashipur. The Adinath temple is built in an area over hundred acres. Garden with gorgeous decoration surrounding the temple is main attraction of this temple. There are several ponds enhancing beauty of this temple garden.
There is a huge gate in the main entrance and a palace like building used as museum. This museum was full with cut glass items manufactured by famous Oslar company in the UK. Most of these expensive items were stolen in seventh decade of last century.
Rai Laxmipat Singh Bahadoor Dugar built this temple along with a Dadabadi in 19th century. The palace and garden are used many times for shooting Hindi and Bengali movies.
Katgola Jain Temple, Nasipur, Murshidabad
Who built these Jain temples in Murshidabad?
Mahnot family built Sri Vasupujya Swami Temple in Azimganj. It was the oldest jain temple in Azimganj. The temple was merged in Sri Neminath temple later on. Harakh Chand Golechha built Chhoti Shantinath temple with gemstones idols of all 24 Tirthankaras as home temple. Later on it was merged into Sri Chintamani Parswanath temple. Mahasingh Meghraj Kothari was the main contributor in building Sri Neminath temple at Azimganj. Gulabdevi estate built Sri Shantinath temple at Baraduari, Azimganj.
Rai Dhanpat Singh Dugar built Sri Sambhavanath Jain temple and Gauri Parasnath home temple in Azimganj. Shrimal family of Azimganj built the Padmaprabhu temple. Rambagh Sanwalia Parshwanath temple along with a Dadabadi was built by some Yati name unknown and the Nahar family built the Sumatinath temple at Azimganj.
Sripat Singh Dugar constructed Sri Vimalnath Swami temple at Jiaganj and Sri Sambhavnath temple at Jiaganj was built by the Srisangh. Rai Bahadur Laxmipat Singh Dugar built Kathgola Jain temple and Dadabadi. All these temples and Dadabadi belong to Shwetambar Jain community.
Dieties from Cossimbazar and Jangipur were shifted to Azimganj Sanwalia Parasnath temple (Rambagh).
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Murshidabad Heritage Development Society
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