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Travel Kolkata: Parasnath Jain temple (glass temple) part 2
Deities in Parasnath temple
Landscape, design and architecture
Traveling Kolkata? Parasnath Jain temple is a must see tourist spot.
Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim, an esteemed member of Jewelers community of Kolkata built this Parasnath Jain temple and decorated it with beautiful glass work from in and outsides. He was a great follower of Jainism.
He established eye-catching idols of Jain Tirthankar, Gandharas, and Yaksha- Yakshanis made in fine quality marble. He did not forget to establish a temple right side the main temple of his Guru Sri Kalyan Surishwar Ji Maharaj along with his forefathers Kalkadas Sindhar et al.
He concentrated on the architecture of the temple. Though it is built in accordance with Jain temple architecture, the influence of British, French and Italian arts are visible here and there. It is worth noting that he himself was the planner, designer, and architect of this wonderful temple.
His love for fine art and aesthetic sense inspired him to decorate the main temple with Gemstones, colorful Belgian glasses, chandeliers and hand paintings.He did not forget to include Terracotta statues, the art of Bengal in his layout. Gardens, lawns, and ponds are parts of the magnificent landscape of the temple.
(This hub is published on 11 August 2009)
Architecture and beauty of Parasnath glass temple
The temple is built following Jain school of architecture. Most of the north and eastern Indian Jain temples are built in this style. This style is different from those of western and southern India. Sri Poojya and Yati (Jain monks) were masters of this art. Sri Kalyan Suri, Sri Poojya of Lucknow was behind the establishing the Jain temple. Influence of British architecture is also seen.
The temple is surrounded by decorated gardens, ponds, and fountains. those give it a gorgeous look. One has to cross long way from the main gate before entering the temple. One can reach the main temple by crossing several steps of a wide staircase. There is a clear storey covered with a gorgeous roof between stairs and gate of the temple.
The main temple is divided into three parts following Indian temple architecture. There are inner sanctum, courtyard in the middle and an outer ward included in temple structure.Throne of the main deity Sri Sheetalnath is decorated with gemstones. A huge chandelier with 1008 lights is hanging from the roof of the courtyard. There are several wall paintings in the temple depicting stories from Jain canons.
Rai Badridas, builder of this temple was a renowned jeweler (Title of court jewellers was conferred upon him by the governor general and viceroy of British India) and had great aesthetic sense. He was generous and spent money generously for his God.
The whole temple (both inside and outside) is decorated with colored glasses from Belgium. This is the uniqueness of this Jain temple. Glass work is integrated and gives look of colorful enameling.
A pair of decorated elephants standing both sides of the temple gives the monument palatial look.
Sri Kalyan Suri Gurumandir
Parasnath Jain temple, Glass temple in Kolkata
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Gorgeous garden surrounding the glass temple
Parasnath Jain temple is situated between gardens, ponds, and fountains. The gorgeousness of the whole monument makes a visitor speechless. Artistic designs of the gardens make this monument a marvel.
All of the gardens are decorated with glass and porcelain flooring. There are statues of marble, porcelain, and terra cotta standing on pillars in the garden. There is a round tank with an artistic fountain and a big pond in front of the glass temple.
There are pedestals, seats and chairs to sit and look beauty of this marvelous Jain temple.
Parasnath temple is built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim in 1867. It is built entirely in glass. The main deity is Jain Tirthankar Shitalnath.
Parasnath Jain temple garden, Kolkata
Parasnath Jain temple garden also known as glass temple in Kolkata, built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim in the year 1867.
Travel Jain temples in Bengal, Rajasthan and Gujrat
- Travel Kolkata: Jain Dadabadi and Guru Charan
Jain Dadabadi built in Mogul pattern is situated opposite to famous Parasnath glass temple. This resembles the Tajmahal and main tourist attraction in Kolkata. .
- Travel Gujrat: Palitana Jain temples and pilgrimage ...
Palitana is the greatest of all Jain pilgrimage centers. Know about Palitana (Shatrunjay, Siddhachal) and view photos and videos...
- Travel Bengal: Jain Temples in historic Murshidabad ...
Tourists visit Murshidabad, historical district in West Bengal, India to see beautiful Jain temples, palaces, tombs and other ruins of Nawabs of Murshidabad. Mursheed coolie Khan founded the city.