Pookalam - Indian Floral Design
What is Pookalam and where can I find it?
Pookalam is the nickname for the unique classic, floral patterns created in front of every house on the great festival in the South Indian state of Kerala.
According to the Malayalam schedule the festival takes place in the month of Chingam (August-September). The fate identified as Onam (Atham to Thiru Onam) which remembers the home coming of the divine King Mahabali.
Onam Festival is difficult to compare with any other celebrations since king Mahabali glorified by ordinary people of Kerala from the olden age. All along this festival days female characters indulge in cultural activities and make complexly elaborate flower mats called, "Pookalam" in the front entrance door of the house to curtsey the King Mahabali.
Pookalam prepared without adding any artificial colors.
Traditional Pookalam pattern created in ten rings, which stand for the ten days advance of the festival.Today's Pookalam Designs have grown from this dogma in shape without ten rings, but all Pookalam flower designs are yet in orbital pattern.
These designs are an ethnic highlight of the Onam festival, remember the beauty of vibrant floral designs, and exposed in inventive, imaginative form. It is a remarkable work of art accomplished with an overcautious touch and a highly desirable sense of character and blend.
Kerala - Short Bio
Kerala (Keralam in Malayalam) is one of the Indian states, situated south of west coast.
It has framed by South Indian States Karnataka to the north, Tamil Nadu to the east and the Lakshadweep Sea towards the west. Kerala - The never-ending emblazonment of coconut palms, sun brightened beaches, house boats over attracting backwaters, breath of spices, gorgeous monsoon showers, silent valleys teeming with flora and fauna, thick forest and mountains of the Western Ghats, thousands of odd art forms, fairs and festivals etc. etc.
The weather is easygoing and changes little from season to season. The temperature modestly ranges from 80 to 90 F in the plains but go down to about 70 F in the highlands. The country holds its due share of both the southwest and the northeast monsoons, averaging proximately 120 inches annually.
Kerala is an acclaimed tourist destination and distinguished for its Back watersAyurvedic Treatments and tropical greenery. The climate is alleviated and adjusts little from season to season. It is also knew as "Gods Own Country". Malayalees have a high degree of attentiveness and political awareness. In the subject of education too, Keralites hold an exclusive position. The literacy rate for grown ups is one of the uppermost in all Asia, which is conceivably why the women in Kerala acclaim a regarded status both within the family and society. The state has a literacy rate of 94.59 percent, the best in India.
Language: Malayalam, English
Largest Metro: Kochi
Population: 31,841,374 (as on 2001)
Pookalam - Floral Decoration of Kerala
About Onam Festival - Kerala's Important and Largest Festival
Onam Festival is commemorated in the Indian State of Kerala only to indicate the end of summer monsoon. This carnival also has a mythological foundation.
It is assumed that long ago this world was governed by a king called King Mahabali who progressed the world excelling than heaven. That was against the practice since the world was not assumed to be enjoyable than heaven.
The God of heaven Indra was much irritated about this. So to maintain these circumstances straight Lord Vishnu arrived down to the world as a dwarf (Vamana) also pleaded King Mahabali for ground which would wrap his three small foot steps.
Without any ideation, King said yes. Then Vamana abruptly expanded to unbelievable dimensions and walked over both heaven as well as earth by two monstrous steps.
It is assumed that, at that time, King Mahabali bring low his head in front of Vamana to place his third step. Vamana then crush against King Mahabali down to underneath the earth (Pathalam).
However, before the King was pushed downward to the earth, he was bestowed sanction by Vamana to call on his subjects once in a year. The Onam festival is a commemoration of welcoming Mahabali to his Kingdom.
During this festival, people are preparing appealing Pookalams in all houses of Kerala to embrace their dearest King. Boat races are organized throughout Kerala, as well as a twenty one course meal is the prominent portion of the Onam festival.
Remarkable Features of Onam festival
The amusement begins in the month of Chingam within a fortnight of the Malayalam New Year, depending on the locating of the stars and the moon, and go on for ten days. Thiru Onam is the last day of this celebration and is very important.
All along Kerala, ceremonies along with new garments, customary cuisine, music, and dance mark this celebrated festival. Complexly decorated Pookalam, conventional Onasadya, spectacular Snake Boat Race and attractive Kaikottikali dance are some of the most exceptional features of Onam festival in Kerala.
Apart from Pookalam, astonishing parades of dandified elephants, fireworks and the courtly Kathakali dance are constantly connected with Onam festival.
At Trichur, the cultural headquarters of Kerala, marks the festival in its own delightful style. A procession of ornamented elephants is carried out on the streets. It's a dazzling site to watch the bejeweled elephants walking on the streets in their full majesty and sumptuousness.
Particularly kids take great enchantment in watching the show of their favorite animal. Songs, dance and fun making are a part of this occasion. Entire Kerala emerges in its ostentatious best on this day. Cultural burlesque, music and feasts add colors of cheerfulness and joy to the God's Own Country.
Rich cultural legacy of Kerala comes out in its best form during the ten day long festival. It is indeed a treat to be a part of the magnificent celebration. People of Kerala make rich preparations to rejoice it in the best possible manner.
Pookalam Collection - Vid.
Ten Days Celeberations
Onam is celebrated by people of all religions
Onam is commemorated with amusement and joy on all the ten days of the festivities. There are set ceremonies for each day and the traditional Keralites devotedly follow them.
The vibes of the people are upbeat all through the celebration and the high spirited Keralites are ever assenting to accommodate in merriment. It is identified as the days of Onam are the most considerable of all, for the countryman of Kerala.
Malayalis assume that it is on the tenth day, that Lord Mahabali comes to visit his people.
♣ Day One: Atham
♣ Day six: Thriketa
♣ Day Two: Chithira
♣ Day Seven: Moolam
♣ Day Three: Chodhi
♣ Day Eight: Pooradam
♣ Day Four: Visakam
♣ Day Nine: Uthradam
♣ Day Five: Anizham
♣ Daty Ten: Thiruvonam
Amusements commence around four am. People take early bath, wear new attires and conduct bright-hued prayers to claim heavenly blessings. A great and most creative Pookalam is arranged on this day to accost the spirit of King Mahabali.
The delicate pookkalam is a carpet made out of the assorted blossoms with two or more varieties of foliage of different tints pinched up into little pieces to serve up the decorator's concept.
It is measured a work of art skilled with a fine touch and a very creative sense of tone and assembling. (In a related manner North Indians generate something called "Rangoli" which is made of color powders of a range of colors.)
Thiruvonam is also the time for home-coming, community feasting and a host of enlightening programmes. There is a proverb in Malayalam that "Kanam Vittu Onam Unnanam" which means, "We should have the Thiruonam meal even if we have to sell all our assets".
Keralites give that much significance to the Onasadhya on the Thiruonam day. Sporting meets are prearranged for men and women of all ages on this day and the big fascination in the cities are the boat races, which draws huge crowds of tourists. Lightening and dazzling fire works display also takes place with much fun fair.
Onam Pookalam Competition
The biggest and the most acclaiming day in the festival of Onam is Thiruvonam. Thiru or Tiru stands for holy, scriptural, holy or blessed and is counterpart of 'Sri' in Hindi. complicated arrangements are made to acclaim Thiru Onam in the grandest potential way.
On the day of Onam different organizations and business groups all over Kerala arrange Pookalam Competitions (The floral decoration competition, Creating abstract patterns with petals). awesome prizes are also given in these competitions as they have turned up to be drastically very distinguished events.
Pookalam Designs - Vid
How To Make Pookalam
This floral design can be constructed in any event, to add color and embellish to your residence.
Many categories of flowers make Pookalam like Yellow Marigold, Orange Marigold, Gromphera, leaves of Gulmohar tree, Purple Aster, White Chrysanthamum, Lucas Aspera, Shoe flower, Lantana and Ixora etc. beginning develop an image with color in a paper and then get the flowers accordingly.
Either the entire flowers or only the petals form the Pookalam. Colorful Flowers, contemplation, dedication, team work and tranquillity are the essentials for composing striking Pookalm.
It's an impressive creative engagement, as designers have to think of a new model every day. It is animating to control women as they do Pookalam while singing traditional songs.
Giggling and sharing jokes between the thought provoking and time tiring job.
♣. Separate the petals of all the flowers except for Gromphera and keep in separate trays or plastic covers.
♣. Using a chalk draw the outline of the design and start arranging the petals starting from the center.
♣. The width can be either reduced or increased on the availability of flowers.
♣ Powder colors or artificial flowers are prohibited to use.
Making of Pookalam is a colorful and happy event. In recent times, people first organize complicated designs on computer and then apply it on floor. This saves a lot of time and energy and helps the makers to come up with eye-catching Pookalams.
Want More Design? A simple search on Flickr will show you more Photos of wonderful Pookalam designs:
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Pookalam Designs - Photo GalleryClick thumbnail to view full-size
Currently, Pookalam designs are formed on the computer and decided to be laid out at home or at competitions that are held during this onam season. The diameter of a Pookalam may be range from 4 to 5 meters.
Flowers for Pookalam
In olden days, people used to collect flowers from gardens for designing Pookalam. Kids used to get up early morning and pick flowers in their little flower basket from the village gardens.
At present, the trend has changed. People have the option of buying flowers of their choice from the market in a particular shape and color.
In pookalam making, Lucas Aspera (Thumba poovu) is regarded as more relevant flower. Because they are small in size and give a gleam in the warm rays of the morning sun. It is also bearing in mind as the well desired flower of King Mahabali as well as God Shiva.