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Sacred Heart Catholic Church, Plus a Historical Introduction to Galveston, Texas
Sacred Heart Catholic Church
People driving into Galveston, Texas on the main street of Broadway can hardly escape noticing the dazzling white Moorish designed church sitting directly across the street from the Bishop's Palace. Byzantine and Romanesque architectural elements were also worked into the design. It is one of the many historic buildings in the City of Galveston.
Sacred Heart Catholic Church stands in stark contrast to most of the other edifices which are situated on the Island of Galveston. Many of the homes are Victorian designs. Some of the notable churches incorporate Gothic architectural elements.
This is the second reincarnation of this particular church situated on this site. The first one was built in 1884. It was destroyed in the Great Storm of 1900 which took thousands of lives and devastated Galveston. Sacred Heart Catholic Church was rebuilt in 1904 and the onion dome was added in 1912. Architect Nicolas Clayton’s design of the dome was modeled after the Grand Synagogue of Toledo, Spain.
This Catholic Church inspired another original linocut of mine which is shown below along with some other photos.
Would You Enjoy Visiting the Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Galveston?
Origin of the Name Galveston
Where cities, towns, counties, provinces and the like get their names is always of interest to me. Galveston, Texas and Galveston Bay and even the Hotel Galvez on Galveston Island all were named after a very interesting and influential man. Much of this history goes back to earlier times preceding this area becoming a part of the United States of America.
Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid
Also known as the Count of Gálvez, Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid played an important role in aiding people from the thirteen original colonies while they were fighting against Great Britain during the Revolutionary War. The colonists resented taxation without representation. They rebelled against it and ultimately formed the beginnings of a new nation.
Bernardo de Gálvez was a general of the Spanish military forces in what at the time was called New Spain. Under his guidance Florida was recaptured for Spain from the English.
New Spain and the Count of Gálvez
- Spain conquered the Aztec Empire way back in 1521 and what became known as New Spain was a huge territory covering most of what is now the United States west of the Mississippi River and south of Canada.
- New Spain also included most of the Spanish East Indies (which includes the Philippine Islands and others) plus the Spanish West Indies (islands like Cuba and Puerto Rico to mention just a couple.)
- Covering even more land (except for Panama) all of Mexico and Central America were a part of this vast new empire called New Spain with its capitol city being located in Mexico City.
Besides being a military leader the Count of Gálvez also served in the following capacities:
- He was the Governor of Cuba.
- He served as the Governor of Louisiana.
- The Count of Gálvez was also a viceroy of New Spain at different times of his life.
This man had a most influential impact upon lands long before they were even a part of what is now the United States of America. Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid accomplished much in his short lifetime of 40 years and has many places named after him in addition to that of Galveston, Texas.
Mexican War of Independence
The Mexican War of Independence took place in the years from 1810 to 1821 when they finally succeeded in forming an independent nation free from Spanish dominance and rule. At that time what is now called Texas as well as other nearby lands were all a part of Mexico.
Republic of Texas
Nervous residents became upset with President of Mexico, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, when he trashed the existing constitution of 1824 and usurped too much power.
Along came the Texas Revolution! The independent nation called the Republic of Texas became separated from Mexico. That remained in effect from the years 1836 to 1845 when it was annexed to become a part of the United States. At the time of annexation Texas shrunk in size giving over lands to the U.S. government that became a part of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Wyoming.
City of Galveston
- The City of Galveston adopted its charter in the year 1839 and was accepted as a part of the Republic of Texas.
- During the Civil War several battles were held in Galveston.
- In 1862 Union naval forces tried to blockade Galveston and failed.
- During the second Battle of Galveston which took place in 1863, Confederate forces succeeded in kicking Union troops off of the Island.
- In the 1890s coastal artillery batteries which can still be seen today were erected in Galveston.
- By the 19th century Galveston had become a thriving city with a busy seaport.
Today Galveston offers jobs and opportunities due to its shipping, large health care industry as well as a thriving financial services industry. Many people happily call it home.
Vacationing in Galveston
For people who just want to get a quick peek at other Galveston attractions while planning a Galveston vacation, take a look at the video below. By no means does the video portray all that there is to do and see but it shares a little more information about this fascinating city located on the Gulf of Mexico. Some of what is shown in a few short minutes includes the following:
- Sun kissed beaches
- Boating and Cruising
- Historic Homes
- Recreational Activities
- Dining Opportunities
- Places to Stay
- Tourist Attractions
There are many great enticements for people considering a Galveston vacation.
Did You Enjoy Learning Some History Leading Up To How Galveston Got Its Name?
© 2018 Peggy Woods