ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Travel and Places»
  • Visiting Europe

Sardinia Island: The Land and Economy

Updated on April 7, 2014
Source

Sardinia is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, constituting, with some small neighboring islands, an autonomous region of Italy. The Italian form of its name is Sardegna. The island, whose capital is Cagliari, is about 120 miles (190 km) southwest of central Italy. It is separated from the Italian mainland by the Tyrrhenian Sea and from Corsica, 7.5 miles (12 km) to the north, by the Strait of Bonifacio. Sardinia is hot and dry during the summer. In the winter it is warm and has light rainfall. The autonomous region is divided into eight provinces: Cagliari, Carbonia-Iglesias, Medio Campidano, Nuoro, Ogliastra, Olbia-Tempio, Oristano, and Sassari. Sardinia's population was an estimated 1,659,443 in 2007.

The Sardinians are a hardy, honest, haughty, and clannish people. They are also hospitable, generous, and devoted to the Catholic Church. Because of Sardinia's isolation and the strong attachment of its people to the past, especially in the mountainous districts, the Sardinians have preserved many of their customs. Their language has a closer affinity to Latin than modern Italian has, although different dialects prevail in different sections of the island.

The Land

Source

The island, which has an area of 9,196 square miles (23,818 sq km), is about 165 miles (265 km) long and 90 miles (145 km) wide. The coastline is varied, with a large gulf on each side of its four sides and many small harbors and bays. The Gulf of Cagliari, on the south, is the most important. Off the northeast coast there are a number of small islands, including Caprera, which was the refuge of the patriot Giuseppe Garibaldi, and La Maddalena, which has a naval base.

Approximately 90% of Sardinia is mountainous or hilly. A chain of mountains cuts across the northern part from southwest to northeast. The Monti del Gennargentu rise to 6,016 feet (1,834 meters) in the east of the central part of Sardinia. In the northwest there is the Plain of Sassari, while in the south the Campidano Plain, the most fertile section of the island, runs from the Gulf of Oristano on the west to the Gulf of Cagliari on the south. The area near Iglesias in the southwest is rich in minerals.

The largest river is the Tirso, which rises in the high plateau of Budduso, forms the artificial Lake Omodeo, and empties into the Gulf of Oristano on the west. The Flumendosa rises in the Monti del Gennargentu and flows to the east coast. The Coghinas, whose source is in the Marghine Mountains, discharges into the Gulf of Asinara.

The island's main city is Cagliari, the historic and regional capital. Situated at the head of the Gulf of Cagliari, it is Sardinia's only large industrial center and the focus of commerce. Cagliari's population is 164,249 (2001 census). Among other important cities are the provincial capitals of Sassari (the only other city with a population of more than 100,000), Nuoro, and Oristano.

Economy

Source

Economy

Numerous development plans have been promoted in an effort to advance Sardinia's economy in both the agricultural and industrial sectors. One plan initiated landholding reforms, while the Cassa per il Mezzogiorno (Fund for the South), begun in 1950, helps finance public works, especially hydroelectric and irrigation projects. Other plans have committed the national government to investments designed to invigorate the economy and lift the standard of living.

Sardinia's industries are chiefly agricultural. Agricultural production has been increased through the introduction of modern equipment and cultivation methods. The main products are wheat, barley, beans, and wine. Sardinia provides 75% of Italy's cork production. Olives, tobacco, and, along the coasts, fruits are also grown. The mountainous areas are devoted to pasture, with sheep, goats, and cattle the principal livestock.

Nonagricultural industries include mining, fishing, tourism, and some manufacturing. Mining, particularly near Iglesias, produces lead, zinc, copper, iron, manganese, coal, and smaller amounts of several other minerals. Salt pans are concentrated near Cagliari and Carloforte. Fishing is limited and is pursued primarily by mainland immigrants. Tourism has shown steady increases but has been hampered by the island's lack of modern facilities.

Although there are several main roads running east-west and north-south, Sardinia's road network is not dense. The principal towns are connected by railroad. The primary ports are Cagliari, Olbia, and Porto Torres. Cagliari is the chief commercial port, and Olbia, in the northeast, is the main passenger port.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)