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Taj Mahal

Updated on June 19, 2013

Introduction

Taj Mahal is a another example of great Mughal architecture in India. Taj Mahal is famous white marble building located in Agra India. Taj Mahal was built by Mughal emperor Shahjahn in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Now Taj Mahal is example of true love.

Taj Mahal is most visited tourist place in India people all over the country comes to see the great Mughal architecture and design. Taj Mahal also included in UNESCO heritage list. Indian government also made special arrangements for local people and tourist.

History

According to Mughal history construction of Taj Mahal was begin in 1632 when beloved wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan died. Shahjahan decided to build Taj Mahal in memory of his wife. Construction of white marble building completed in several years.Renovation of outside area and gardens took further five years.

Thousand of labors took part in construction of Taj Mahal. Taj Mahal design and construction inspired with Persian architecture and earlier Mughal architecture. White marble widely used in construction of Taj Mahal. Despite long span of time building is still in good condition government is also trying to save building from raising pollution and surrounding environment.

Construction and Design

Taj Mahal is collection of several tombs. Mughal emperor Shahjahan other wives, servants and some other relatives are also buried in Taj Mahal. All tomb and interior of buildings are well decorated with different types of designs and stones. Taj Mahal construction material were brought from all over the India and Asia. More than one thousand elephant used to transport construction material.

White marble which is widely used in Taj Mahal construction brought from Rajasthan, China and Gujarat. Twenty eight types of different stones used in construction and decoration of Taj Mahal. Board of top architects worked several years under supervision of chief architect . Thousands of labors recruited from all over the India, China, Baluchistan and central Asia for construction of Taj Mahal.

Travel

Due to location, history and design Taj Mahal is considers big tourist place in India. more than two million people visit every year including large number of foreigners. Special arrangements are made to deal with large number of tourist in Agra.

Hotel business is booming noisy and polluted traffic is not allowed on nearby roads. Gardens are lush green and decorated with different types of flowers. November and December is ideal months for traveling to Agra because weather is cold. Due to amazing construction and design Taj Mahal also including in seven wonders of the world.

Efforts

Despite government best efforts increasing pollution, water of Yamuna river has become big threat for Taj Mahal survival. Due to increasing pollution white marble of Taj Mahal is now turning in to Yellow. Due to water level in Yamuna river cracks are appearing in some structures of Taj Mahal.

Taj Mahal Quiz

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Famous Mughal Architecture

Famous Mughal Architecture in India.

  • Taj Mahal
  • Red Fort
  • Humayoun Tomb
  • Agra Fort
  • Jama Masjid Delhi

Geography of Taj Mahal

A markerAgra India -
Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
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Comments

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    • Hummingbird5356 profile image

      Hummingbird5356 3 years ago

      I like this hub about one of the most spectacular monuments in the world.

    • Iammattdoran profile image

      Matt Doran 3 years ago from Manchester, UK

      Nice hub kufarooq. I also published a hub about the Taj Mahal recently with lots of my own photos. It really is one of my favourite places in India. Matt

    • agusfanani profile image

      agusfanani 3 years ago from Indonesia

      Yes, Taj Mahal is one of spectacular buildings in the world. I'd like to visit it someday.

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