ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ten Interesting Things About The Monks of Munich and Bavaria

Updated on September 26, 2012
Frauenkirche in Downtown Munich
Frauenkirche in Downtown Munich | Source

Munchen

The city of Munich, München in German, literally means home of the monks. This vibrant Bavarian city is located in southern Germany, just north of the Alps and straddles the Isar River. Currently, Munich is the third largest city in all of Germany, but like all big places, Munich was once very small, home to a small band of monks, who had just arrived from a large monastery 50 miles to the north. Munich is forever associated with beer, especially in early autumn when Oktoberfest begins. Following are ten interesting facts showing how the presence and activities of several orders of Catholic men have helped shape this modern European City, as well as the ever-popular past time of drinking a stein of fermented hops and barley.

First Settlement

1. The first settlement of monks in the area occurred in the middle of the 8th century, when the Benedictene Order, started a monastary on the shores of Tegernsee ( Great Lake) some 40 miles north of present day Munich.

The Old Monastery

The Monastery at Tegernsee is now an Abbey
The Monastery at Tegernsee is now an Abbey | Source

Salt

2. During this era salt was frequently used as currency and a form of money. As a result, many of the early monasteries were built around salt deposits and also provided housing for the monks. This was done for protection and so many of the structures resembled castles or forts.

An Important Move

3. Shortlyafter the Tegernsee monastery was begun a small band from this monastary started a small outpost on the banks on the Isar River, amidst many small and scattered groups of local residents. This settlement was known as Apud Munichen” (by the monks).

New Commercial Venture

4. One of the first commercial activities of the new arrivals from Tegernsee was to make and sell beer

A Beer Monopoly

5. The first brewery of record began at Fohring, near Munich in the year 800 A.D. The operation was run by monks and all proceeds went to the benefit of the church. The monks of Bavaria had a virtual monopoly on beer production and sales, which lasted for another four or five centuries. During this period, breweries issued daily rations of beer to all the monks and workers employed in the brewing process.

Popular Past Time

This Manet painting pictures a very popular past time.
This Manet painting pictures a very popular past time. | Source

Kids Drink Free

6. During this time the church allowed the consumption of free beer to the faithful church-goers. On Sundays parishioners were allowed one liter except for Palm Sunday and Easter, when they received two. Upon their first communion children were given a free liter.

Taxes

7. Beginning in the early 12th century monks of the Cistercian order were allowed to act as tax collectors for the church in Munich and other parts of Bavaria and Germany.

New Arrivals

8. During the 1600s newly arrived Paulener monks from Italy derived a heavy, nutritious beer that allowed them to endure their Lent fasts, when they were forbidden to eat solid foods. This beer is classified as a doffelbock or double bock, as it is heavy laden with malts during the brewing season. It is also known as "holy oil of St. Francis", as members of this order were great followers of the popular saint from Asissi.

Starkbierzeit

9. Every year beginning two weeks after Mardi Gras, Munich hosts another beer festival called Starkbierzeit, or strong beer season. The strong beer was originally developed by 17th century monks, described above. Today, this strong beer weighs in at 7.5 to 9 per cent alcohol, which is decidedly more potent than the brew served at Oktoberfest.

A Changeover

10. In 1803 the Monastery at Tegersee was converted over to an Abbey and has remained that way until the 21st century.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)