Chautauqua - A Unique American Vacation
The Athenaeum Hotel
The Chautauqua Institution-"the most American thing in America"
A learning vacation can be a great vacation, one that includes not only reading and having fun, but sharpening your mind. The Chautauqua Institution is located in the Southwest corner of New York State in the Town of Chautauqua, on the banks of the beautiful Chautauqua Lake. According to the Institute, it is a "festival for the mind, body and spirit." Chautauqua draws over 170,000 people every summer.
When you enter the grounds of the 750 acre Institution you are transported to the past, a place of quiet beauty. Brick lined paths meander along some of the most beautiful ginger bread houses you will ever see.
In the busy summer season, travel by car is restricted. The Institute provides free shuttle service around the grounds, so park your car and enjoy the ambiance of a place of beauty from the past.
Chautauqua is a place for walking. Every turn you make gives you another glimpse of small town America at its best. There are numerous shops and restaurants, so your walk may begin with a brisk saunter along the lake, and end up at one of the fine restaurants.
Along Chautauqua Lake
The Architecture of Chautauqua
The 5,000 Seat Ampitheater
A Brief History of the Chautauqua Movement
Chautauqua was founded in 174 as a training camp for Sunday school teachers. The founders were a businessman, Lewis Miller, and a Methodist minister John Heyl Vincent. The religious background continues to this day with religious services offered regularly. Chautauqua's offerings are based on four pillars: arts, education, religion and recreation.
A key to understanding Chautauqua, and why it came about, is the character of rural and small town America in the mid to late Nineteenth Century. It was a time without radio or TV. If you lived in rural America you did not have the cultural opportunities afforded by large cities. Your cultural and entertainment options were few. Chautauqua started as a place, but soon became a movement. What became known as circuit Chautauquas or tent Chautauquas blossomed across the country. At their peak in the 1920s there were over 10,000 circuit Chautauquas in operation. They were also known as Chautauqua assemblies. The familiar brown tents would present huge crowds with cultural offerings from the arts, education and religion. Besides lectures from some of the greatest minds in the country, audiences were treated to Broadway shows, opera, and later, movies. The Chautauqua movement has its root in the lyceum movement of the earlier Nineteenth Century. An organization known as the Redpath Lyceum Bureau soon became the main source of booking talent. Because the Chautauquas had sprouted into multiple locations across the country, booking speakers and performers became a challenge. The solution to the problem was to assign each lecturer or performer to a certain day of the week. So if you were a Monday performer you would appear at a Chautauqua in one town on Monday and travel to the next for your appearance the following week.
The speakers at Chautauqua included nine US presidents, and recently former US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
By the time of the Great Depression in the 1930s the Chautauqua movement had come to an end except for a few scattered assemblies that continued until World War II. Radio, motion pictures and local cultural institutions began to fill the need for culture and entertainment in small town America. The idea of the Chautauqua didn't die, it just was replaced by technology and modern times.
Chautauqua Lives On - The Chautauqua Institution Today
Famed historian and Chautauqua lecturer David McCullough has said: "There is no place like it. No resort. No spa. Not anywhere else in the country, or anywhere in the world - it is at once a summer encampment and a small town, a college campus, an arts colony, a music festival, a religious retreat and a village square - and there's no place - no place - with anything like its history." Quoted from Chautauqua Institution, Visitor's Guide.
Have you ever heard of Chautauqua?
The Smith Memorial Library
A Summer at Chautauqua Includes:
The daily morning lecture series with topics such as: How to Identify, Value and Sell Antiques; Digital Photography; History of Jazz - The Modern Era; Basics of Investing in Stocks, Bonds and Mutual Funds.
Golf on two 18 hole golf courses. There is a golf training center for new and experienced golfers.
Tennis, with eight fast dry courts and four hard courts.
Sailing and boating on beautiful Chautauqua Lake. Sailing lessons and private instructions are offered.
Relax at the beach. There are four life guard attended beaches.
Exercise at the Health and Fitness Center.
Read and research at the Smith Memorial Library, a full service library with computers or the Chautauqua Institution Archives.
Chautauqua, which Teddy Roosevelt described as "the most American thing in America" is a place apart, a different experience, an American treasure. I strongly recommend it as a place to visit and perhaps spend a week or two.
Copyright ©2012 by Russell F. Moran