ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Chittor Fort: Closely Entwined with Rajput History

Updated on July 23, 2015


Chittor fort lies in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It stands like a sentinel and is a constant reminder that this was one place where the Rajouts made a gallant stand. The fort has an ancient origin and is reported to have been built by the Sisodia rulers in the 7th century AD. That makes the fort almost 1400 years old. During this period the fort was attacked by Muslim invaders from Delhi and the Rajputs put up a stout resistance.

Two of the most famous attackers were Allauddin Khilji and Akbar. The last named carried out a massacre of 30,000 Hindus and made a pyramid of their skulls. The fort was supposed to be impregnable and yet it fell, that is itself a sad story, but does not detract from the valor and bravery of the Rajputs.

The Rani Padmini mahal
The Rani Padmini mahal
Overview of Chittor Fort
Overview of Chittor Fort

History of the Chittor Fort

The Fort at Chittor has a checkered history. It was constructed when Hindu rule was omnipotent in India and traces its origin to the 7th century. The fort is surrounded by desert but is located on a hill and thus had excellent defensive features. It was the capital of the Sisodia and Gahlot kings. These kings ruled Mewar between the 8th and the 16th century. The Chittor Fort was named after Chitrangada Maurya. Thus for almost 800 years the fort remained as a bastion of Rajput power.

The Muslim rulers from Delhi coveted this fort. The fort was attacked thrice by Muslim invaders. The first invasion took place in 1303 in an expedition mounted by Allauddin Khilji. the genesis of this invasion was the infatuation of the Delhi sultan for the queen of Chittor, named Rani Padmini. She was as per descriptions available by poets and writers of that period, a very beautiful woman. If modern parlance can be used she can be said to have tremendous sex appeal. Allauddin heard of her beauty and wanted to make her part of his harem.

Consumed by lust Allauddin mounted an invasion to capture Padmini. He conquered the fort but the Rani committed ritual death by burning called Jauhar. Allauddin went back a dejected man

The fort was again attacked in 1535 by the Gujarat Sultan Bahadur Shah. But he was defeated and had to turn away empty handed.

In 1567, the Mughal emperor Akbar decided to storm the fort . He wanted to pressurize Maharana Udai Singh the ruler to accept him as the shan e shah ( king of Kings).. In a severe battle Akbar could prevail with a much larger force, but when he entered the fort he was incensed to see fires burning all around as the ladies committed Jauhar. An angry Akbar now slaughtered 30,000 Hindus as revenge . It was a terrible act and no apologist of Akbar has been able to explain this massacre.

Do you feel the Rajput ladies were right to commit Jauhar ( ritual death by burning) when the Muslims attacked ?

See results

Features of Chittor Fort

Chittor Fort is the largest fort of India. In Rajasthan there is no other fort that matches the grandeur of this fort.. The fort extends to a length of 3 km and has a perimeter wall that is 13 km in length. It encompases a total area of 700 acres.

Such a massive fort needs a number of exit and entry points and the designers incorporated 7 gates. These are massive and can allow an elephant to enter the fort. The gates are called Pols.

The doors of these gates are made of massive oak wood which have iron spikes embedded in them. This was to deter attacks by elephants.

The main gate was called Surya pol or Sun Gate. This gate was used for ceremonial entry and was exclusive to the ruler of the fort.The second most important gate used by the lesser nobles was the ‘Ram Pol’ dedicated to Lord Rama. Nearby to this gate there is also a temple dedicated to god Rama.

The Ram Pol gate
The Ram Pol gate
Map of gates of Fort
Map of gates of Fort

Palaces in the Fort

The Chittor Fort has many palaces inside. Access to these palaces is from the 7 gates or Pols.. The Rani Padmini Palace is located in a small pond and was the place where the beautiful queen Padmini resided. There is also the Rana Kumbha Palace. This has underground cellars where Rani Padmini committed Jauhar..

The palaces as well as the fort is now maintained by the ASI ( Archeological survey of India). The palaces are denuded of their luxury and one has to imagine how the Queens and kings must have lived.

Rani Kumbh Palace
Rani Kumbh Palace

Temples inside the Fort

No Hindu fort will be complete without a temple. In the Chittor fort also there are many temples. Their are temples dedicated to Mahavira( Jain temple) and Ganesha Temple, Kalika Mata temple, Sammidheshwara Temple, Meerabai Temple (or Krishna Temple), Kumbha Shyam Temple and Neelkanth Mahadev Temple.

There are thus a plethora of temples and all the temples have intricate carvings and images of Gods and their consorts. There are also 2 water tanks inside the fort .One of these water tanks has clear water that can reflect an image. Rani Padmini was shown to Allauddin as a reflection here and led to the terrible war.

Last word

The Chittor fort is an architectural paradise and one can spend hours inside this massive fort. Along with the temples and Palaces the fort also has 2 towers that rise up. They also served as observation towers.

The grandeur of Rajasthan can be surmised from a visit to this fort. The fort for long remained in ruins before it was restored during the days of the Raj

One of the towers inside the fort
One of the towers inside the fort


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thank you for commenting

    • 10000001 profile image

      madugundu krishna 

      3 years ago from Yemmiganur

      Wonderful Chittor Fort, very interest in reading this article.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thank you Lawrence. Yes the Chiggor fort is worth a visit

    • lawrence01 profile image

      Lawrence Hebb 

      3 years ago from Hamilton, New Zealand

      England is known for its castles, but nothing compares to the "Chittor"

      Thank you for sharing


    • emge profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thank you Anne for commenting

    • Anne Harrison profile image

      Anne Harrison 

      3 years ago from Australia

      What an amazing place, with such history. Yet another site for my bucket list! Voted up.

    • emge profile imageAUTHOR


      3 years ago from Abu Dhabi

      Thank you Lions 44 for commenting and appreciating

    • lions44 profile image

      CJ Kelly 

      3 years ago from Auburn, WA

      Structures in ancient India really combined the practical with the aesthetic. It's remarkable that something could be some useful militarily but still be archtecturally appealing. Interesting article once again. Voted up and shared.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)