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The City of Cambodia

Updated on June 23, 2011

Phnom Penh is the City of Cambodia. This city gets its name from the present Wat Phnom (a small hill of twenty seven metres in height) or HillTemple. Phnom Penh is the capital and largest city of Cambodia, placed at the confluence of the Mekong and the Tonle Sap rivers. The city was originally called Phnom Daun Penh after it was founded, but it was later abbreviated to just Phnom Penh. Phnom Penh is a city of more than two million people, the capital of Cambodia and the country's commercial, economic and political hub. It is also comparatively new destination. The city was also antecedently known as Krong Chaktomuk meaning "City of Four Faces". This name relates to the junction where the Mekong, Bassac, and Tonle Sap rivers cross to form an "X" where the capital is situated. Phnom Penh is also a gateway to Cambodia. The temples of Angkor near Siem Reap City in the west, the beaches of Sihanoukville and coastal towns on along the southern coast (Kampot, Kep and Koh Kong,) the minority peoples, jungles and wildlife of the northeast provinces and a wide-open, unspoiled countryside of rice paddy fields.


There are many smaller temples inside Phnom Penh. E.g. Ounalom Pagoda is where Cambodia’s holiest monks are headquartered. The temple overlooks the river, though the views do not match Wat Phnom’s. A responsible motodop driver or cyclo driver will be able to take you to some of the lesser known temples in town.  There are 2 popular temples, Wat Phnom and and The Temple of the Emerald Buddha, which is on the grounds of The Royal Palace.


Phnom Penh first became the royal capital of Cambodia in 1432 after His Majesty Ponhea Yat (b.1421, r.1432-1462), king of the Khmer Empire, moved the capital from Toul Bassan (presently called Srey Santhor) at Angkor Thom after it was captured by Siam a few years earlier. There are stupas behind Wat Phnom that house the remains of Ponhea Yat and the royal family as well as the remaining Buddhist statues from the Angkorean era.

Today, the city is a center of diverse economic and urban development and is rapidly morphing an air of edgy chic with bistros and boutique hotels lining the riverfront, smart little silk boutiques and galleries dotting the side streets, a budding arts scene and a heady dusk-to-dawn night life.

Even though the real estate and the building have been hit hard globally and in Cambodia, but the place seems to be okay for some large living estate growths in Phnom Penh such as Camko City, Gold Tower 42, Rose Condominium, De Castle Royal, Posco Star Rice, Phnom Penh Tower and Grand Phnom Penh International….



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    • daravuthz profile image

      daravuthz 6 years ago from Cambodia

      The Camko City project started in December 2005 and is expected to be finished in 2018.

    • pisethz profile image

      pisethz 6 years ago

      do you know when Camko will completely done with their project?

    • daravuthz profile image

      daravuthz 7 years ago from Cambodia

      Welcome back mega1. I am glad to see you again. I hope you enjoy all the information above. More info about me please go to my profile :)

    • mega1 profile image

      mega1 7 years ago

      Beautiful! about 40 or 50 years of building? It's good to know some of the ancient sites are still there! Good hub! Daravuthz - will you tell us about your name? It has a beautifl sound.