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Things to do in Nepal
The Gandaki River is also known as the Kali Gandaki. The Gandaki River is a tributary of the River Ganges in India. This river starts at the north of the Tibetan Plateau of the Himalayan range in the Mustang district of Nepal.
The Path Of Gandaki River
The Gandaki River flows along the Gangetic Plain of Bihar in India and merges with the Ganges river near Patna. Triveni is the name given to the point of entry of the Gandaki River at the Indo-Nepal border. The basin of this river has the world’s fourteen highest mountains over an area of 8000 m.
The Gandaki river meanders through a deep gorge in the Himalayan range, the deepest gorge in the world. This river has enormous hydro-electric potential. The hydro-electric power station is located on the Indo-Nepal border in Valmikinagar. It also provides water for irrigation.
South of the gorge, the Gandaki River is joined by four other tributaries – (Rahughat Khola, Myadi Khola, Modi Khola and Badigaad) before turning east and flowing along the northern edge of the Mahabharat range. The largest hydroelectricity project of Nepal is located on this stretch of the river.
Lo Mathang, Jomsom, Beni, Baglung, Kusma, Ridi, Devghat, Narayangarh, Valmikinagar, and Triveni are some of the places located in and around the banks of the Gandaki river.
The Gandaki river basin has 1025 glaciers and 338 lakes. There have been episodes of Glacial outbursts in Nepal in the past few years.
River Rafting in the Gandaki
River Rafting in the Gandaki is a thrilling and a hair-raising adventure. There are many rapids and small waterfalls which make this river a challenge for the rafters. Rafting in the Gandaki River is suited both for novice and expert rafters.
Trekking in the Himalayan Mountain Ranges
The Annapurna and the Dhaulagiri mountain ranges have popular trekking routes. The forests have a varied range of attractive and colorful seasonal flowers. These treks are a delight for bird watchers, as there are a variety of birds to be spotted. The “Everest Base Camp Trek” and the "Annapurna Circuit Trek" are the most popular trekking routes.
There are many gorges such as Little Brother, Big Brother, Walk and Bake, Good Morning Cobra and Walk in the Dark in the trekking routes. For those who love to visit temples, there are beautifully constructed Hindu and Buddhist temples along the Gandaki River bank.
The Chitwan National Park of Nepal and the Valmiki National Park of India are adjacent to each other near Valmikinagar through which the Gandaki River flows.
Chitwan National Park covers an area of 932 Sq Km and is the oldest national park of Nepal. It was established in 1973 and was granted the World Heritage Site status in 1984. The park is rich in flora and fauna including Bengal Tigers and is home to one of the last existing species of the single-horned Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Canoeing, Elephant rides, and guided jungle walk draw many visitors to this park.
Valmiki National Park covers about 800 Sq Km of the forest and is one of the Tiger Reserves of India. The wild fauna of this region is Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog, Wild Boar, Bison, Bear, Peacock, Partridge, and Deer.
As per the Botanical Survey of India in 1998 there were seven types of vegetation in this park, 84 species of trees, 32 shrubs and climbers and 81 herbs and grasses.
Sacred Stones in the Gandaki River
Another important feature of the Gandaki River is the presence of the sacred stones also referred to “Shree Saligramam.” These stones are ammonite fossils that can be found in a place close to Mukthinath through which the river flows.
These stones are naturally formed round stones, with circular or spiral markings. These stones are worshiped as the iconic representation of the divine Lord Vishnu in the Hindu religion.
The Gandaki River and the Himalayan mountain ranges must be visited especially by those who love outdoor sports and nature.