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The Pyramids of Giza in Ancient Egypt

Updated on November 1, 2014
The three pyramids of Giza
The three pyramids of Giza | Source

Fast Fact

Khufu, one of the great pyramids of Giza is the tallest in the world even in 19th century at the age of 4,500 years.

When the name Giza is mentioned, the great pyramids of Giza always come to mind. These magnificent structures are definitely few of the best places to visit in Egypt. Although there are some pyramids in other Egyptian cities, the pyramids of Giza garnered amazing international recognition. In fact, the pyramids of Giza are among the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

This is mostly due to their highly distinct architecture and perfectly constructed dimensions, which are nearly impossible to achieve, given the lack of technology and modern tools available when they were built.

The Pyramid of Khufu

The largest of the pyramids of Giza is the Khufu Pyramid
The largest of the pyramids of Giza is the Khufu Pyramid | Source

Inside the Menkaure Pyramid

The passageway inside the smallest pyramid
The passageway inside the smallest pyramid | Source

Can you guess what this is?

Inside the Khephren Pyramid
Inside the Khephren Pyramid | Source

The Pyramids of Giza

The wonderful pyramids are beautifully set on a desert plateau of Giza in ancient Egypt. The legacy of the pyramids of Giza started during the the fourth dynasty under the leadership of Pharaoh Khufu. Khufu dreamed of a gigantic city that would pay homage to the dead. The result of this dream is the Cheops (Khufu) pyramid, which is up to this day, is the largest of all pyramids in Egypt. When you say the great pyramid of Giza, you are actually talking about Cheops. The second pyramid was built by Khufu's son Khephren, and is known for its steep angles, which creates an illusion that it is the same size as Cheops. The smallest of the three pyramids is the Menkaure, which was then built by Khephren's son. The Cheops (Khufu), Khepren, and the Menkaure make up the outstanding pyramids of Giza and who would ever think they will become the most outstanding places to visit in Egypt.

Which pyramid would you like to visit first?

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A markergiza -
Giza, Al Omraneyah, Giza, Egypt
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Giza, is the third largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile, some 20 km southwest of central Cairo. Along with Shubra El-Khei

The Sphinx


More Places to Visit in Egypt

The three impressive pyramids of Giza are not the only reason why visit ancient Egypt. The city is jam-packed with numerous landmarks which represent the unique culture of the ancient Egypt. If you are observant enough, you would notice their brilliance in the field of mathematics, construction and architecture.
Among the best places to visit in ancient Egypt is the Sphinx. It shares the same limelight as the pyramids, and is located at the eastern side of the Giza plateau. The Sphinx resembles the statue is the human-headed mythological creature that represents the Egyptian sun god Re-Horakhty.

The version of the Solar Boat
The version of the Solar Boat | Source

The pyramids of the Queens, Nobles' Tombs and the temples is among the places to visit in Egypt. If you proceed to the southeast ridge of Giza, you will find interesting private tombs of former residents belonging to various classes of the society of ancient Egypt. You can also drop by Solar Barque Museum,where you can see a reconstructed version of the solar boat. It is buried with the dead Pharaoh to assist him in his travels in the other world.
Giza Transportation

Mode of Transportation


Giza is easily accessible from the expanding metropolis through Metro train and bus transport links. The city's appropriately named Pyramid Road is the main artery that links Cairo center to the pyramids.
Public access to the pyramids of Giza is subject to rotation every two years. At any given time, only two pyramids are open while the third one is under restoration. You will need to pay a separate entrance fee for each pyramid. Expect it to be hot and rather humid inside the pyramids. It will be somewhat difficult to move around as the passages are narrow, dusty and steep. You can really have a realistic experience of the ancient Egypt.

Inside the Khufu Pyramid of Giza

Don't forget to bring your guide

Handy Tip when Visiting the Pyramids of Giza

Visiting the pyramids of Giza and the sphinx is a dream come true for any budding traveler but it should be noted the pyramids of Giza are very steep and humid. Those with health conditions are recommended to take necessary precautions and bring with you some emergency kits if you push through with the tour. Nevertheless, it is truly a great learning experience to explore the pyramids of Giza and experience the awe of their very presence.


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    • Mary Cimeni profile image

      Mary Cimeni 4 years ago from Philippines

      My pleasure Fred. I think almost everyone on earth really wants to see these amazing structures.. I could just imagine the uniqueness of Egypt being the only place with pyramids. I myself is very amazed too.

    • Fred Mucai profile image

      Fred Mucai 4 years ago from nairobi

      I have always dreamed of visiting Egypt to see the pyramids, and i will one day. How these huge structures were designed and constructed is very advanced and i will one day want to see them for myself. Thanks for bringing this information to other hubbers.