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The Shehenshahi Calender of the Parsis

Updated on September 11, 2011

The Parsis in India are a spin off from the original Zoroastrians in what is today called Iran. The community fled the country when Muslim invaders began forcing conversions to Islam.

The fleet of ships they set course in from Iran landed in the region which is today the state of Gujrat in India. After obtaining permission from the King of Gujrat the community settled there.

They did absorb some local customs and traditions and modified others that they had brought with them from Iran. However they did not change the calender that they followed and still follow it to date.

Shehenshahi means "of the kings" and the Parsi calender comes from the ancient kings of Persia. The old calender is still followed to mark special occasions, festivals and of course the second birthday that most Parsis tend to celebrate.

So you have the first birthday as per the regular calender as everyone else does and the second birthday is as per the Roj of the Parsi Calender.

Names of the Months and Days as per the Parsi Calender are very different from the local Hindu calenders used in the region. The nomenclature reflects the Persian origin of the community and its sporadic use of the Persian language.


Mah and Roj - Months and Days

The Months or Mah of the Shehenshahi calender are

1 Fravardin

2 Adibehesht

3 Khordad

4 Tir

5 Amardad

6 Shehrevar

7 Meher

8 Avan

9 Adar

10 Dae

11 Bahman

12 Aspandard

The last five days of the last month are collectively called the Mukhtad. At the end of the last month of the Parsi Calender there are five days called the Gathas. These days are restricted for prayers and at the end of the Gathas the new year begins. These are

1 Ahunavaiti

2 Ushtavasiti

3 Spenteminyu

4 Vohuxshsthra

5 Vahishtoshti

The Days or Roj of the Shehenshahi Calender are

1 Hormazd

2 Bahman

3 Ardibehest

4 Shehrevar

5 Aspandard

6 Khordad

7 Amardad

8 Dae - Pa- Adar

9 Adar

10 Avan

11 Khorshed

12 Mohor

13 Tir

14 Gosh

15 Dae - Pa - Meher

16 Meher

17 Srosh

18 Rashne

19 Fravardin

20 Behram

21 Ram

22 Govad

23 Dae -Pa - Din

24 Din

25 Ashishvangh

26 Ashtad

27 Asman

28 Zamyad

29 Mareshpand

30 Aneran


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    • Hello, hello, profile image

      Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

      I have heard of the Parsis and knew they came from Iran. Your hub added a few more interesting points to it. Thank you.

    • cashmere profile image

      cashmere 6 years ago from India

      Thanks for stopping by. I am going to add in the festivals or Jashans in the calender soon.

    • dallas93444 profile image

      Dallas W Thompson 6 years ago from Bakersfield, CA

      I learned.. Thanks for sharing! Flag up!