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The temples of Sukharia

Updated on November 21, 2010
Ananda Bhairabi temple complex
Ananda Bhairabi temple complex
Nistarini temple 1
Nistarini temple 1
Nistarini temple 2
Nistarini temple 2
Harasundari temple1
Harasundari temple1
Harasundari temple2
Harasundari temple2
Ananda Bhairabi temple 1
Ananda Bhairabi temple 1
Ananda Bhairabi temple 2
Ananda Bhairabi temple 2
Ananda Bhairabi temple 3
Ananda Bhairabi temple 3
Thye idol of Ananda Bhairabi Kali
Thye idol of Ananda Bhairabi Kali
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Rama with His spouse Sita, brother Laksmana & Hanumana, the monkey God).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Rama with His spouse Sita, brother Laksmana & Hanumana, the monkey God).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Krishna killing Bakasura, the Bird-Demon).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Krishna killing Bakasura, the Bird-Demon).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Mother Goddess Kali standing on Lord Shiva).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Mother Goddess Kali standing on Lord Shiva).
Terracotta work on the arch of main entrance to Ananda Bhairabi temple
Terracotta work on the arch of main entrance to Ananda Bhairabi temple
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (?Goddess Jagatdhatri).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (?Goddess Jagatdhatri).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple
 Ananda Bhairabi temple 4
Ananda Bhairabi temple 4
Goddess Kali with two Shivas beneath Her, the lower one is Sadashiva (representing the Nirguna Bramha) & the upper one is Mahakala Shiva (representing the Saguna Bramha).
Goddess Kali with two Shivas beneath Her, the lower one is Sadashiva (representing the Nirguna Bramha) & the upper one is Mahakala Shiva (representing the Saguna Bramha).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Ganesha with 5 faces).
Terracotta art in Ananda Bhairabi temple (Lord Ganesha with 5 faces).
Goddess Kali with two Shivas beneath Her, the lower one is Sadashiva (representing the Nirguna Bramha) & the upper one is Mahakala Shiva (representing the Saguna Bramha).
Goddess Kali with two Shivas beneath Her, the lower one is Sadashiva (representing the Nirguna Bramha) & the upper one is Mahakala Shiva (representing the Saguna Bramha).

Sukharia is a small village some 80 kilometers from Kolkata (Calcutta), easily approachable by rail or road from the latter. Sukharia boasts of three  medieval temples of the 18th century, built in the traditional Bengal style of temple architecture.

A.      Nistarini  temple : dedicated to Mother Goddess Nistarini, a form of the Divine Mother Shakti, was built by the local landlord Mustafi family in 1847. It is a NAVARATNA type of temple with flat roofs (NAVA means Nine & RATNA means a typical type of pinnacle) where the temple is built in two floors;  there are four pinnacles in each roof [one at each angle]. The number of pinnacles or RATNA  =(1X4)X2=8 +1 at the centre of the second roof , making total 9 pinnacles.

B.      Harasundari temple : Built in 1813, this is also a Navaratna temple with flat roofs like the above one. The special feature of this temple is the presence of two rows of 6 smaller temples on either side of the main temple. The first & the last of the rows are Pancharatna temples having 5 pinnacles (Pancha meaning five), & the other four in each row are AATCHALA type.

C.      Ananda Bhairabi temple :  Dedicated to Mother Goddess Ananda Bhairabi (a divine form of Goddess Kali), this beautiful  & huge temple was constructed in 1813 by Bireswar Mustafi . It is a PANCHAVINGSHATI –RATNA ( having 25 pinnacles ) temple. The four corners of the first level have 3 pinnacles each (3X4 = 12); the second level contains 8 pinnacles ( 2X4) & the 3rd level 5 (1X4+ central 1 ). This is a comparatively rare form of temple architecture, & there are only a handful of such temples in West Bengal today. The walls of the Ananda Bhairabi temple are decorated with terracotta works depicting gods & goddesses of the Hindu pantheon.  The main temple is flanked by two rows of 6 smaller temples like the Harasundari temple (The first & the last of the rows are Pancharatna temples having 5 pinnacles (Pancha meaning five), & the other four in each row are AATCHALA type. There is a big pond on one side of this imposing temple. The reflection of the temples in this pond is an unforgettable scene.



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    • C.V.Rajan profile image

      Disillusioned 

      5 years ago from Kerala, India

      From the photos it looks Dakshineswar Kali temple construction was influenced by the designs of Ananda Bhairavi temple. Even Bhavadarini Kali (Dakshineswar) seems to have a resemblance to Ananda Bhairavi. Good photos.

    • profile image

      Gurudas Mustafi 

      7 years ago

      Great photo graphs. I belong to this family. My Great Great Grand Father was Kashigati Mustafi who built Nistarini Temple and Harasundari Temple was built by Ramnidhi Mustafi who was the brother of Taranidhi Mustafi, father of Kashigati & Baranasigati Mustafi

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