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Unbelievably Natural: Top 7 Rock Formations In The World

Updated on October 21, 2015

Formed eons and eons years ago, these bizarre yet mind-boggling rock formations consist of invaluable clues about the history of the planet. Various elements of the earth played their part in the creation of the gorgeous rock formations we see today. While some are a result of crystallized magma, others are just a combination of different sediments, composed over a period of time. Most of them have become popular tourist destinations which are easily accessible through minicabs or private hire vehicles.

Here is a list of some of the world’s most miraculous rock formations which will certainly blow your minds away.

Perce Rock, Canada

The Perce Rock is known as one of the largest natural arches in the world. Named “Perce” after the hole (piercing) in the structure, this historical beauty is basically a huge limestone deposit, 433 meters in length and 90 meters in width. The highest point of the limestone deposit is 88 meters. The arch rests amidst the blue water, forming an island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. It is regarded as one of the most amazing geological icons in the world.

Wave Rock, Western Australia

Australia boasts one of the most treasured natural attractions in the world, known as the Wave Rock. The 15 meters high and 110 meters long “tide” is a cliff striped with grey and red granite, shaped like a wave about to crash. This attractive geological formation is the consequence of erosion caused by wind and rainwater sweeping off the mineral deposits down the rock, creating the picturesque tide we see today. Studies suggest that it is 2700 million years old with other noticeable rock formations nearby, including Hippo’s Yawn, The Humps and Mulka’s Cave.

Fairy Chimneys of Goreme, Turkey

The surreal moonscape situated in the heart of Cappadocian has a past as fascinating as the formation itself. The volcanic eruption that occurred about 9 million years ago formed tuff rocks, as the lava cooled down. The erosion caused by wind and rain shaped the pillar like structures referred to as the fairy chimneys today. Dating back to the golden days of the Roman Empire, people carved unique houses and churches out of the cooled lava, which are now visited by the tourists. Pierced by the pointy rock structures, sinuous valleys and curvaceous cliff formations, the site truly offers a breathtaking view to its visitors.

Eye of the Sahara, Mauritania

Besides the golden sand dunes, the Sahara boasts a stunning natural landscape referred to as the Eye of the Sahara. It is also called Richat Structure or Guell al-Richat. Consisting of the bare rock peaks emerging from a sea of sand, it creates an incredible view from above. The eye is said to be a consequence of differential erosion, making a massive circular structure with a 40 km diameter. The highest peak of Mauritania, Kediet ej Jill Mountain is located in the North West of the eye with enormous amount of magnetite, creating a bluish hue and disrupting the magnetic navigation systems nearby.

Cave of the Crystals, Mexico

The Crystal Cave is located in Chihuahua, about 300 meters underground. The main compartment of the cave consists of the biggest crystallites ever discovered, some of which are 11 meters in length, 4 meters in width and 55 tons in weight. The rich deposits of gypsum and other minerals found in the giant pool of magma situated 2 to 3 miles beneath the surface, mixed with the ground water seeping into the cave and formed these giant, translucent 500,000 years old crystals.

Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park, China

Mineral and red sandstone deposits for over millions of years formed the colourful layers of rocks which were afterwards shaped by the tectonic plates lying beneath the region. Later, the beautiful patterns, pillars, towers and valleys were sculpted by the natural elements of wind and rain. Broad walks are created to encourage tourists who book their cabs to explore the striking site.

Moeraki Boulders, New Zealand

Located at Moeraki, 40 km away from Oamaru are the turtle shell like boulders resting in the middle of crystal blue waters. These huge spherical rocks are about 2 meters in height and weigh several tonnes. Scintific research suggests that these huge rock formations are a result of crystallization of the calcium and carbonate minerals which took around 4 million years to form. Soft mudstones containing the minerals and sediments of rocks are believed to have started rising about 15 million years ago from the seabed, with rain and wind gradually transforming the shape of the boulders.


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    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      3 years ago from Oklahoma

      Just amazing! I wish I could see these formations in person.

    • Anna C Taylor profile image


      3 years ago from Around the World

      Wow, that Wave Rock is absolutely gorgeous. And I'd never even heard of the Zhangye Danxia Landform Geological Park, China.

      Great article, I'd love to visit any of these rock formations.


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