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UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South India
South India is rich in distinctive traditions, culture, art, lush tropical forests, flora and fauna. Here is a brief overview of some UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South India.
Have you visited South India?
This 1,600 km mountain range is one of the top 10 hottest biodiversity hotspots in the world. It enriches about half of the India's geographical area. It runs parallel to the western coast of India, along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau.
Western Ghats are Older Than the Himalaya Mountains
Western Ghats separates the Deccan Plateau from the narrow Konkan coast, along the Arabian Sea. The upper slopes of Western Ghats are abundantly clothed with magnificent forests, and wild animals abound. Western Ghats' forests, which are older than the Himalaya mountains, influence the Indian monsoon weather pattern.
There Are 39 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Western Ghats
39 locations in Western Ghats (wild life sanctuaries, reserve forests and national parks) are UNESCO World Heritage Sites; 20 in Kerala, 10 in Karnataka, 5 in Tamil Nadu and 4 in Maharastra.
Agasthyamalai Sub-Cluster, Periyar Sub-Cluster, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, Nilgiri Sub-Cluster, Talakaveri Sub-Cluster, Kudremukh Sub-Cluster and Sahyadri Sub-Cluster are included.
Elephants in Periyar Tiger Reserve
Great Living Chola Temples
Located in Tamil Nadu, this UNESCO World Heritage Site includes three 11th and 12th century temples: the Brihadisvara Temple at Gangaikondacholisvaram, the Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, and the Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram. These temples give you an idea of power, wealth, imperial domain and religious commitment of the rulers belonging to the Chola dynasty.
Airavatesvara Temple in Darasuram
Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur
Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram
Carved out of rock, this group of sanctuaries is located on the Coromandel Coast in Tamil Nadu. It is well-known for its rathas, mandapas, open-air reliefs and the temple of Rivage.
Nilgiri Mountain Railway
This 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway was completed in 1908. It is located in Tamil Nadu. It connects Mettupalayam and Udhagamandalam. It has the steepest track in Asia.
You can't leave the Nilgiri Mountain Railway without pleasant memories, whether you're on the fabled toy train or at the Fernhill station.— Geeta Padmanabhan
Churches and Convents of Goa
OOne of these monuments, the Church of Bom Jesus, houses the tomb of St Francis-Xavier. This UNESCO World Heritage Site illustrate the evangelization of India.
Group of Monuments at Hampi
Ruins of Dravidian temples and palaces are among Monuments at this UNESCO World Heritage Site. These monuments were built by kings who ruled the Vijayanagara Empire, which was established in the 14th century. These monuments were destroyed by Islamic Deccan sultanates.
Group of Monuments at Pattadakal
Located in Karnataka, these monuments include nine Hindu temples and a Jain sanctuary. Built by Chalukyas, the architecture of these monuments has been influenced by both North Indian and South Indian architectural style.
- UNESCO World Heritage Centre - World Heritage List
UNESCO World Heritage Centre