ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visiting the Allées Jean-Jaurès, Toulouse, France: Two Centuries of Tree-Lined Continuity and Régime Change

Updated on May 4, 2019
Flag of France
Flag of France | Source
Allées Lafayette (aujourd'hui Allées Jean-Jaurès) à Toulouse (Haute-Garonne, France).
Allées Lafayette (aujourd'hui Allées Jean-Jaurès) à Toulouse (Haute-Garonne, France). | Source
Allées Jean Jaurès and Médiathèque José Cabanis in Toulouse.
Allées Jean Jaurès and Médiathèque José Cabanis in Toulouse. | Source

Monarchy, Empire and Republic under the spotlight

The Allées Jean-Jaurès (1) are situated between Place Wilson and Avenue de la Gare, Toulouse. Its trees include many plane specimens of plane (French: platanes). The Avenue extends over 500 metres. In recent times there have been proposals to widen pedestrian access by restricting vehicular parking at its borders (2).

In some countries, every time there is a revolution or a régime change, some of the street names change in major cities. Sometimes this process of street name change occurs with bewildering frequency.

In Toulouse, in southwest France's Haute-Garonne department, what is now Allées Jean-Jaurès (named for the prominent Socialist leader assassinated in 1914) was originally Allée Villeneuve, in the closing years of the Empire of Napoleon I.

In 1815, the avenue became Allée Angoulême, named for the the Duchess of Angoulême, elder daughter of executed former King Louis XVI, who visited the city.

In 1824, with accession of Charles X, the avenue was renamed Allée Lafayette, for the Marquis de Lafayette, whom Americans remember as a significant friend of the American Revolution.

In 1852, the avenue was renamed Allée Louis-Napoléon.

After the demise of Emperor Louis-Napoléon in 1870, the avenue was renamed again.

But this time the name reverted to its previous one: Allée Lafayette.

With the assassination of Jean Jaurès (1859-1914)(3) on the eve of World War One, the City authorities of Toulouse (4) decided in 1915 to change the name yet again, to honour this rallying symbol of the Republic.

Since then, the name has stuck (somewhat oddly, even? given the frequency of its name changes during the avenue's first century of existence).

But perhaps the fact that it has not changed again is a tribute to French people's enduring commitment to their Republic.

May 4, 2019

Notes

(1) Originally in the singular — Allée — but now usually rendered in the plural — Allées —, the word in either the singular or plural may usually be translated 'Avenue' in English.

(2) See also (in French): https://www.francebleu.fr/infos/societe/toulouse-voici-les-futures-ramblas-des-allees-jean-jaures-1460137414

(3) A socialist leader and parliamentarian, and founder of the newspaper L'Humanité, and having written as a young journalist for the Toulouse newspaper La Dépêche du Midi, Jean Jaurès's historical significance is reckoned to extend to beyond the partisan. He identified strongly with the defence of Alfred Dreyfus (the French officer from a Jewish background who was framed, but eventually exonerated, for spying), and for the cause of peaceful coexistence in Europe, Jean Jaurès's name has come to be synonymous with the cause of the French Republic itself. As a tribute to Jean-Jaurès's ideals, his remains were re-interred in the Panthéon, Paris, in 1924.

(4) Today, one of Toulouse's universities is named Université Toulouse-Jean-Jaurès.

Some sourcing: Wikipedia

Jean Jaurès as a young deputy. Photographed by André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri, between 1885 and 1889.
Jean Jaurès as a young deputy. Photographed by André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri, between 1885 and 1889. | Source
Marie-Thérèse de France,  (i.e., Duchess of Angoulême)
Marie-Thérèse de France, (i.e., Duchess of Angoulême) | Source

Also worth seeing

In Toulouse itself, the city's many attractions for visitors include the Capitole, housing the City Hall and the imposing Saint-Sernin Basilica.

Cahors (distance: 113 kilometres) has some impressive, Medieval architecture, including the 14th century Valentré bridge and the Cathedral.

...

How to get there: United Airlines flies from New York Newark to Paris (Aéroport Paris-Charles de Gaulle), where car rental is available; there are also domestic air services between Paris and Toulouse-Blagnac airport (Aéroport de Toulouse - Blagnac ), where car rental is also available. The French railroad company SNCF maintains services from Paris to Toulouse (Paris-Toulouse: distance: 677 kilometres). Some facilities may be withdrawn, without notice. For up to date information, you are advised to check with the airline or your travel agent.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada.

Map location of Toulouse, France
Map location of Toulouse, France | Source

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)