ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Visiting the Kenaupark, Haarlem, The Netherlands: remembering spirited and patriotic Dutch women in a peaceful setting

Updated on January 3, 2013
Flag of The Netherlands
Flag of The Netherlands | Source
Kenaupark, in Haarlem, The Netherlands
Kenaupark, in Haarlem, The Netherlands | Source
Kenau Hasselaer during the Siege of Haarlem
Kenau Hasselaer during the Siege of Haarlem | Source
Jan David Zocher
Jan David Zocher | Source
Map location of Haarlem, and district
Map location of Haarlem, and district | Source

Subtext: invaders were not popular

The patriotic Dutch women remembered at the Kenaupark, Haarlem are not well known outside of The Netherlands. But within the country, they are recalled as patriots, who participated in resisting aggressors, in the 16th and 20th century respectively.

The Park is named for Kenau Hasselaer, (1526-1588/89), who led other women in defence of Haarlem during the siege of that city in 1572-72, against Spanish forces. Since the 16th century, Kenau (1), as she is sometimes simply referred to, has often been the subject of patriotic Dutch paintings and drawings.

In the Park also is a monument by Truus Menger-Overstegen unveiled by Princess Juliana of The Netherlands in 1982, commemorating Hannie Schaft (1920-1945), a partisan executed not long before the departure of Nazi German forces at the end of World War Two. It is recorded that the brutish and inefficient killers in charge of her firing squad failed even to render her unconscious with their first volley, and Hannie Schaft memorably cried: 'I can shoot better'(2).

The Park is thus a peaceful setting in which Dutch people may remember these spirited and patriotic Dutch women.

Responsible for the Kenaupark was Jan David Zocher Jr. (1791-1870)(3), a prominent architect and landscape architect. In the laying out of the Park, part of the bulwarks of the city's former defences were chosen.

A number of buildings bordering the Park have been classified as national monuments. Formerly residential properties, many of them have been converted to office use.

Close to the Kenaupark is the Nieuwe Gracht, a canal which passes near the centre of the city.

Haarlem is situated in the North Holland (Dutch: Noord-Holland) province of The Netherlands.

January 4, 2013


(1) Her full name was Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer; the Simon in question being her father, Simon Gerritszoon Brouwer, mayor of Haarlem.

(2) Hannie Schaft was a communist partisan, and after World War Two, in 1951, when some of her fellow travellers tried to commemorate her at another venue, the Dutch government took measures, with soldiers and tanks, to stop them. This, despite the fact that members of the royal family had already participated in public commemoration of Hannie Schaft. Eventually, the Kenaupark was chosen as a venue for those who wished to commemorate Hannie Schaft to be able to do so in peace; and in 1982, the presence of Princess Juliana at the unveiling of her memorial put an official seal on commemorations of her, as of someone who was 'all right after all'...

(For copyright reasons, I have been unable to supply a picture of Hannie Schaft.)

(3) Other works by Architect Zocher include the lighthouse at Egmond aan Zee, and the a former Amsterdam Stock Market (Dutch: Beurs) building.

Also worth seeing

In Haarlem itself, visitor attractions include: The Bavokerk, with its massive tower; the Town Hall (Dutch: Stadhuis); the Frans Hals Museum; the Medieval gate known as the Amsterdamse Poort; and many others.

Amsterdam (distance: 19 kilometres); among the visitor attractions are the Dam with the Royal Palace, the Nieuwe Kerk and the National Memorial; the Munttoren ; Anne Frank's House, and many others.


How to get there: Airlines flying to Amsterdam-Schipol Airport from New York include Delta Airlines and KLM. The Dutch railroad company NS (Nederlandse Spoorwegen) maintains rail services between Amsterdam-Schipol and Haarlem . There is car rental availability at Amsterdam airport. Some facilities may be withdrawn, without notice. Please check with the airline or your travel agent for up to date information.

MJFenn is an independent travel writer based in Ontario, Canada.

For your visit, these items may be of interest


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)