Wayanad, the Land of Spicy Hills
Wayanad is a beautiful hill station of Kerala, India lying close to the Western Ghats. it is located in the northeast part of Kerala state. The word Wayanad means “the Land of Paddy Fields”. There are several indigenous tribes lives in this area. The altitudes of the area ranging 2100 metres above sea level.
History. According to Archaeologists human life existed in these parts at least form BC 10. A number of evidences of New Stone Age civilization are available in this area. The carvings on the wall of Edakkal caves located at Ampukuthimala near by Ambalavayal speaks about our bygone civilisation. The Recorded history of this area is available from the 18th century only. This area was ruled by the Kings of the Veda. later it cames under the rule of the Pazhassi Kingdom of Kottayam. Hyder Ali, The Sulthan of of Mysore invaded to Wayanad and kept this land under his Kingdom. Tipu Sultan, son of Hyder Ali handed over Malabar region to the British East India Company as per the Sreerangapattanam treaty with them. This made furious encounters between the East India Coy and Pazhassi Raja, The King of Kottayam. The King was driven to the forests of Wayanad and organised the Kurichiya tribesmen and start guerrilla styled encounters to the British. At last, the King commit suicide. Thus this land comes into the hands of the British.The British start the cultivation of cash crops like coffee, tea, pepper etc and change the face of wayanad. They gradually changed the thick forests into Spicy hills. Wayand become a part of Kerala state in November 1956 after the independence of India.
Tribes. Wayanad holds largest population of tribes in Kerala State. These tribes are traditionally forest dwellers, and living in harmony with nature. Some tribes are proficient in organised farming. Some of them knows holistic herbal medicine that never disclosed to others. They have a rich legacy of arts and crafts.
Places of Interest. Wayanad is a beautiful hill station of India and an ideal tour spot for people who loves nature.
Edakkal Caves.The Edakkal cave is located in Ambukuthy mountain, These caves are really a clef about 96 feet long and 22 feet width in the rock, The carvings on the rock represent the human and animal figures. These carvings speaks volumes about the people of pre-historic period and compelled the historians to rewrite the history of Wayanad
Bus Stop: Ambalavayal - Edakkal Caves
Distance: Kalpetta: 28 kms. Sultan Bathery : 12 kms. Mananthavady :45 kms. .
Kuruva Island: The island covering 950 acres of ever green forest and it lies between the tributaries of the river Kabani, The island is uninhabited but is an ideal picnic spot for the people who loves nature. We can see rare species of birds, animals and plants in this island.
Bus Stop: Kattikulam - Palvelicham
Distance: Kalpetta: 37 kms. Sultan Bathery : 41 kms. Mananthavady :17 kms.
Pakshipathalam: It is located in the Brahmagiri Hills near Thirunelly. To reach Pakshipatalam we have to walk 17 kilometers through wild forest. The deep rock caves at the northern top end of the mountain Brahmagiri, are the house of thousands of birds and wild beasts. According to legend These caves was used by Hindu saints for meditation. Special permission is required to go Pakshipathalam from Forest Department ( Tirunelli forest station: Ph: 04935- 210377)
Pookot Lake: It is a natural fresh water lake, surrounded by beautiful green mountains. Boating facilities are also available for tourists . Spices and handicraft items of tribes of Wayand are also arranged for sale to the visitors.
Bus Stop : Pookode
Distance: Kalpetta: 15 kms. Sultan Bathery 40 kms. Mananthavady 47 kms.
Lakkidi. Lakkidi gets the second highest degree of rainfall in the world and it is aslo known as the gateway of Wayanad . It is one of the highest locations in Wayanad, at a height of about 2,296 feet above sea level . There are so may view points in Lakkidi , which offers beautiful views of the valleys and its surroundings about 50 Kilometers.
Bus Stop : Lakkidi
Distance: Kalpetta: 14 kms. Sultan Bathery 39 kms. Mananthavady 46 kms.
Banasura sagar Dam: This dam is the largest earth dam in India and the second largest dam in Asia. The dam holds large amount of water surrounded by ever green mountains The dam is constructed on Banasura Lake and the nearby mountains are known as Banasura Hills. As per Hindu believes the Asura king Banasura, undertook a severe penance on the top of these mountain, thus it was named after him. It is an ideal spot for adventure tourists. .
Bus Stop: Padijarethara
Distance: Kalpetta: 21 kms. Sultan Bathery 47 kms. Mananthavady 37 kms.
Soochippara Waterfalls. Soochipara Falls is also known as Sentinel Rock Waterfalls. It is a beautiful three step waterfall surrounded by evergreen mountains. The waterfall is a wonderful treat to eyes. The pool below the water fall provides water rafting and swimming facility to the visitors . .
Bus Stop: Meppadi
Distance: Kalpetta: 22kms. Sultan Bathery 43 kms. Mananthavady 57 kms.
Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary: This Sanctuary spreads more than 345 sq km. The entire area is rich with fauna and flora, This forest area comes under Project Elephant. Elephants are the main attraction of this Sanctuary. Tigers are sighted very rarely but recently they make troubles to the villagers and killed several domestic animals. Various species of animals and, birds lives in this Sanctuary. The Department of Forest offers Elephant rides to watch the roaming wild animals but prior permission is required for this ride. (Tele 04936 220454)
Bus Stop: Muthanga
Distance: Kalpetta: 39 kms. Sultan Bathery 20 kms. Mananthavady 60 kms.
Pazhassi Raja Tomb. Pazhassi Raja Tomb is the memorial of King Pazhassi, The lion of Kerala. He organised guerrilla warfare against the British East India Company in Kerala. His remains are kept in the memorial located at Mananthavady. Pazhassi Raja was cremated after his death during the war against the British East India Company In 1805. Nearby Pazhassi tomb there is a museum which has a sword that is believed to be from Pazhassi Raja's Period.
Bus Stop: Mananthavady
Distance: Kalpetta: 32 kms. Sultan Bathery 37 kms. Mananthavady 0 kms.
Sultan Bathery Jain Temple. This is a ruined Jain temple but It indicate the strong presence of Jain religion in this region. This temple is built in the 13th century but it served as a Hindu temple for a long period. Tipu Sulthan, The king of Mysore used this place for his army during his military movement in Malabar.
Distance: Kalpetta: 24 kms. Sultan Bathery12 km. Mananthavadi41 kms.
Wayanad is located on the southernmost end of the Deccan Plateau. It is also known as ‘Green Paradise’ and ‘The Land of Spicy Hills. It is an ideal tour spot for people who love Nature. I Love Wayanad, Thanks