ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Where is Angola?

Updated on November 4, 2021

Angola is a republic in West Africa, with a western coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. To the north is Zaire, to the east Zambia and to the south Namibia (South West Africa). The small enclave of Cabinda, north of the Congo (Zaire) River estuary, is part of Angola. Angola has an area of 1,246,700 square kilometres.

The coastal plain rises to a plateau or tableland where the weather is cool and pleasant, but the rest of the country is hot and damp and mosquitoes thrive there. It is mostly made up of grassy plains, although the valleys of the rivers which join the Congo (Zaire) to the north are thickly forested. Lions, leopards, giraffes, rhinoceroses, buffaloes and elephants are found in Angola, as well as hippopotamuses and crocodiles.

The people are mainly African (chiefly Bantu), with European settlers, people of mixed race, and Bushmen in the southeast. Most work on the land, either on large state farms or smaller peasant associations. Angola was at one time a major coffee producer, but production has declined since the country became independent in 1975. Cotton and timber are now important
industries, while at the port of Mogamedes there are refrigeration plants for the fishing industry.

The chief mining activity is diamond mining, while granite and quartz are also exported. Most of the rich deposits of copper, manganese and iron ore had already been worked by the time Angola became independent, though some iron is still mined at Cassinga in the south. Oil (petroleum) is obtained south of the Cuanza River: it is thought likely that Angola could become one of the major oil producers in Africa.

The chief ports are the capital Luanda, Lobito, Benguela and Mogamedes. The second largest town is Huambo. A railway links Benguela with the mining areas of Shaba (Zaire) and Zambia. Four other lines run inland from the coast.

Angola was settled by the Portuguese at the end of the 15th century; Henry the Navigator made a treaty with the native king. Until the 19th century Angola supplied slaves for the Portuguese plantations in Brazil. Although the slave trade was made illegal in 1830 it did not finally cease until some years later. The Portuguese took complete control of the country in 1888.

During the 1960s African nationalists fought a guerrilla war against the Portuguese, who had governed Angola as an overseas province of Portugal. After the change in its government in 1974, Portugal withdrew from its overseas territories and Angola became independent the following year. However, civil war broke out between opposing nationalist forces. In 1976 a Communist government, supported by the U.S.S.R. and Cuba, came to power and began to run the country on socialist lines. Angola is a supporter of other independence movements in southern Africa, particularly that of its southern neighbour, Namibia.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)