10 Spectacular and Amazing Waterfalls in 10 Countries
Waterfalls as Natural Wonders
The world is full of natural wonders including spectacular waterfalls. Water pouring from a high cliff, travelling down in different patterns and hitting a pool of water down keep tourists glued to it for significant time. Shape of a waterfall, its location, amount of water flowing, spread of the waterfall and many others attractions are awesome display of power of nature. The breathtaking sites force the tourists to involve their visual and auditory senses to the maximum to make their visits memorable.
Many countries have majestic waterfalls often visited by thousands of tourists every year. The Hub showcases ten such fabulous waterfalls in ten countries. Some of the waterfalls are located at the border of two nations. These have been clubbed together and in some cases different pictures from both sides have been posted in this Hub.
Stay with me to experience these awe-inspiring waterfalls.
#1. Langfoss Waterfall - Norway
Also called Langfossen
Langfoss is the 5th highest waterfall in Norway and one of the most scenic in the world. It is 612 meters (2008 ft) tall but it is not a straight drop of water. There is unregulated and wild flow of water, the powerful flow funnels into a narrow gauge and then there is a vertical plunge. Thereafter, it cascades all along the cliffs before spilling into the Akra Fjord. Availability of many lakes and snowpacks in the catchment area ensures flow throughout the year.
It was voted as world's most beautiful waterfall in 2006 and one of the ten most beautiful waterfalls in 2011.
In order to have a magnificent view from the top, there is a footpath which is easy to climb. In summer the vegetation makes the mountains bright green and the contrast of the whitewater of the falls with the surroundings turns it gorgeous.
#2. Jog Falls, India
Jog Falls are the second highest plunge waterfalls in India and considered to be one of the most spectacular among Indian Waterfalls.
Water of Sharavathi river drops 253 meters (830 ft) in four distinct falls. These have been named as:
(1) Raja (King), with unbroken full length column;
(2) Roarer, it meets Raja halfway down at an angle of 45 degrees and is violent;
(3) Rocket, it has a series of jets shooting downwards; and
(4) Rani (Queen), moving quietly and exhibiting a sheet of foam.
These distinct falls can be seen during monsoon only. There is a dry spell in which the water recedes significantly resulting in thinning of these streams.
In order to have a grand view one has to go down to the bottom of the hill. The Tourism Department has constructed about 1400 steps to enable the tourists to enjoy this grand view from close quarters.
#3. Niagara Falls, Canada/USA
Located on the Niagara river, three falls are collectively called Niagara Falls. Two of these, namely, the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls are on the American side and the third, Horseshoe Falls, is on the Canadian side. The Bridal Veil Falls got the name because of its appearance and it is separated from the American Falls by Luna Island.
These three put together make Niagara Falls and are known for the highest flow of water of any of the other waterfalls in the world. The Horseshoe Falls have a drop of 173 ft but the height of the American Falls is known to be varying between 70 - to 100 ft because of huge boulders lying at its base. During high flow more than six million cubic feet water flows which makes these falls not only a beautiful wonder of the world but a source of hydroelectric power also on both sides.
During winter there is ice formation but the water flow never stops. As an exception, however, the flow over the American Falls stopped for several months in 1969. There was freezing of water in 2014 also.
Have a look of the recent freezing of Niagara Falls
#4. Fjallfoss-Westfjords - Iceland
Fjallfoss, also known as Dynjandi, is the largest waterfall in the Westfjords region of Iceland. Flowing over a rippled stone it fans out like a majestic skirt. Immediately below it there are seven cascading falls, each with a different name and this makes the falls quite spectacular and magical. The total height of the waterfalls is about 100 m and it is quite broad. Going to the top to see the upper portion of the falls is quite strenuous but there are breathtaking views around to enjoy. Also, there is a nice campsite nearby.
#5. Angel Falls - Venezuela
An accidental discovery by Jimmie Angel during a plane crash in 1937, Angel Falls (also called Salto Angel) have earned the distinction of being the highest uninterrupted waterfalls in the world. Located in the Canaima National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site in Venezuela, Angel Falls are at a height of 979 meters (3212 ft) which includes plunge of 807 meters (2648 ft.). However, It is not merely a plunge but it has 400 meters of sloped cascade and rapids below the drop.
It is about 150 meter wide at the base. Originating at Gauza river it ultimately flows into Carrao River through its tributary known as Churun river. It splits into two during rainy season but during dry season one finds mist due to evaporation of water which may, surprisingly, not even touch the ground.
Enjoy the Grandeur of Angel Falls
#6. Iguazu Falls - Brazil/Argentina
Shared by two UNESCO World Heritage National Parks, one in Argentina and the other in Brazil, the Iguazu Falls are another example of a natural resource demarcating two international borders. Located in the Parana State of Brazil and Misiones province of Argentina, these massive waterfalls are stunning natural creation attracting tourists.
There is a series of cataract dropping, varying between 60 to 80 meters over a width of almost three kms. The number of falls varies between 150 to 300 depending upon the water level in different seasons. There is a sharp bend making it like a horseshoe between borders of two nations.
There are three cities from where Iguazu Falls can be accessed:
- Foz do Iguacu from Brazilian side
- Puerto Iguazu from the Argentina side and
- Ciudad del Est from the Paraguay side (Though the falls are not in this country)
#7. Victoria Falls - Zimbabwe/Zambia
Victoria Falls, Zambia
This is unique and called the greatest curtain or sheet of falling water in the world. Located at the Zambezi River on the border of Zambia and Zambabwe, it is 1708 meters (5604 ft) wide and 108 meters (354 ft.) high. During peak rainy season more than five hundred million cubic meters of water per minutes drops the height to exhibit thunder and columns of spray which can be seen from miles away. There are two large islands, Cataract island near the western bank and Livingstone island near the middle, which divide the curtain of water.
After the fall from basalt cliff the Zambezi river gets ferocious and passes though gorges. It is UNESCO World Heritage Site.
#8. Barron Falls - Queensland, Australia
Situated at 5 kms from Kuranda village outside the City of Cairns in Queensland, this once mighty site looks magnificent only when there are substantial rains. In contrast it may look like small strands of water or even trickling. It happened due to diversion of the water for hydroelectricity.
Barron Falls, a part of the Barron Gorge National Park, have four main parts with the largest having width of 400 ft and 900 ft long cascade dropping about 350 ft.
The best view of Barron Falls is visible from Barron Falls railway station.or from Kuranda.
#9. Rhine Falls - Switzerland
Europe's largest plain waterfall, Rhine Falls are located near Schaffhausen town in Switzerland. The flow of water is gigantic and roaring, varies between summer and winter seasons. Having a width of 150 meters (450 ft) and height of 23 meters (75 ft), the falls are easily accessible and are delight for the watchers. Water rushes at the rate of 23 meters per second at the fierce flow prevents fish to climb up except eels.
A large rock, Rheinfallfelsen, which a limestone cliff, is another attraction and a viewing platform is often used to have a close and spectacular view of both sides of these falls.
#10. Ban Gioc or Detian Falls - China/Vietnam
These are the 4th largest waterfalls in the world on an international border, between China and Vietnam. These three-tiered waterfalls are called Detian Falls on the Chinese side (Daxin County) and Ban Gloc Falls on the Vietnamese side (Trung Khanh District). Heavy downpours during summer joins these parts.
The flow of water is divided into three parts by the rocks and trees. There is a drop of 30 meters (some claim up to 60 meters) and a width of 200 meters. Down below there is a pool with over 30 meters depth where water drops.
Depending upon the season, there could be different versions of these falls. Karst peaks make this venue quite picturesque but it looks golden yellow in autumn and turns reddish during spring. Similarly, the flow of water varies with seasons, clear and slow in winter but violent and strong flow during summer season.
Your opinion about these waterfalls
Which one of the ten waterfalls did you like the most?
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