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World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh : Attractive Tourist Spots in Bangladesh

Updated on November 18, 2014

Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a small but very beautiful country situated in South Asia covered with lots of rivers. There are wonderful variations regarding her landscapes, colorful dimensions in seasons. In a word, the nature has decorated this country with her own hands. Culturally this country has also a golden history.


Bangladesh
Bangladesh | Source

World Heritage Sites

In Bangladesh, There are many places having natural and cultural importance and many more places are attractive tourist spots. Among them, three places of Bangladesh are enlisted as World Heritage Sites.

Two of them are Cultural,

  • Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat
  • Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur

These two places were enlisted in 1985 A.D.


The rest one is Natural,

  • The Sundarbans

This place was enlisted as world heritage site in 1997 A.D.



Historic Sixty Tomb Mosque
Historic Sixty Tomb Mosque | Source
Design on wall of the mosque
Design on wall of the mosque | Source

Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat


Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat is situated in the outskirts of present Bagerhat in Khulna division at the south-west part of Bangladesh. It is at the junction of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra rivers. At that time, this ancient city was known as Khalifatabad. It was founded by the Turkish general Ulugh Khan Jahan in 15th century. The Sixty Tomb Mosque having 77 domes 60 pillars, the mausoleum of Khan Jahan, the mosques of Singar, Bibi Begni, Reza Khoda, Zindavir are the most famous structures.The Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat is a significant sign of medieval city in Bangladesh.


As UNESCO World Heritage Site

This ancient city is enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 under criteria (iv), "as an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble which illustrates a significant stage in human history".


Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur | Source
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur | Source

Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur


Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur previously known as Somapura Mahavihara is situated in present Naogaon District in Rajshahi Division at the north-west part of Bangladesh. The ruins of the Buddhist Monastic Complex is the most remarkable and significant pre-Islamic monument in Bangladesh. The king of Varendri-Magadha, Dharmapala Vikramshila, founded the monastery. It is a sign of the upsurge of Mahayana Buddhism in the then Bengal from the 7th century onwards.


As UNESCO World Heritage Site

This site was enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Site under criteria (iv), "as an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble which illustrates a significant stage in human history" in 1985.


Sundarbans
Sundarbans | Source
Sundari trees  (Heritiera littoralis)
Sundari trees (Heritiera littoralis) | Source
Golpata (Nypa fruticans)
Golpata (Nypa fruticans) | Source
Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
Royal Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) | Source
Chital deers (Axis axis)
Chital deers (Axis axis) | Source
 Blue-eared Kingfisher
Blue-eared Kingfisher | Source
saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)
saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) | Source

The Sundarbans

Sundarbans is the largest single block mangrove forest of the world. It is situated on the large delta in Bay of Bengal emerged from the junction of river Padma, Brahmaputra and Meghna in Khulna and Bagerhat district in Khulna division at the south-west part of Bangladesh. A part of Sundarbans covers a portion situated in west bengal of India but more than two third portion of Sundarbans is in Bangladesh. This forest is enlisted as is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997.

The Name 'Sundarbans'

The name 'sunderbans' is derived from the name of Sundari tree (Heritiera littoralis) which is one of the major mangrove species of tree of this forest.


Trees of This Forest

Plenty of Sundari trees (Heritiera littoralis) are available in Sundarbans. Besides these, gewa (Excoecaria agallocha), goran (Ceriops decandra) and keora (Sonneratia apetala), Golpata (Nypa fruticans), spear grass (Imperata cylindrica), khagra (Phragmites karka) and many more species of trees, palms and grasses are available in Sundarbans.


Wild Animals

Sundarbans is famous for Ryal Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris). Besides these, large number of Chital deers @ spotted deer (Axis axis) as well as other kinds of deers,Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), Fishing Cats, wild boars, Common Grey Mongooses, Foxes, Jungle Cats, Flying Foxes, Pangolins and many more species of wild animals are seen here.


In Water

Plentiful species of small fish, sawfish, butter Fish, electric ray, common carp, silver carp, barb, river eels, starfish, king crab, fiddler crab, hermit crab, prawn, shrimps, skipping frogs, common toads and tree Frogs and Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), Mugger crocodile (Crocodylus palustris), Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Water monitor lizards (Varanus salvator), Sharks, Gangetic dolphins (Platanista gangetica) etc. are available in water of Sundarbans.


Birds

Around 170 species of birds are seen in Sundarbans.


Reptiles

Various types of snakes and reptiles are also available here.


As UNESCO World Heritage Site

This forest was enlisted as UNESCO World Heritage Site under criteria (ix), "to be outstanding examples representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, fresh water, coastal and marine ecosystems and communities of plants and animals" and under criteria (x) "to contain the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation" in 1997.


Tentative List

More five places of Bangladesh are submitted on the Tentative List.

These are

  • Mahansthangarh and its Environs
  • The Lalmai-Mainamati Group of monuments
  • Lalbagh Fort
  • Halud Vihara
  • Jaggadala Vihara


Finishing Line

Bangladesh is a wonderful and beautiful country to visit. If you come to Bangladesh, you may visit the above mentioned tourist spots of Bangladesh having historic, cultural and natural importance and certainly you will cherish your memory of visiting Bangladesh.

World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh

A
Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat:
Bagerhat, Bangladesh

get directions

B
Paharpur, Naogaon:
Sompur Mahavihara, Paharpur Bihar Museum, Naogaon, Bangladesh

get directions

C
Sundarbans, Khulna, Bangladesh:
Sundarban National Park, Bangladesh

get directions

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