A Short Historical Guide to Rome
The Historical Heritage of Rome
Starting from Termini Station, we may begin our experience of Rome with a visit to the Baths of Diocletian, the greatest of ancient Rome which today houses the Museo Nazionale Romano. Along Via Cavour, to the left of Termini station we also meet one of the most beautiful churches of Rome, the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, built in the 16th century, one of the four old patriarchal basilicas to have retained the shape of the early Christian churches. At the end of Via Fori Imperiali, stands out the Colosseum, one of the symbols of Rome throughout the world.
In the Age of Augustus, the city underwent important building works, growing to the point where it reached the Tiber River which was considered sacred by Virgil and along which the Ara Pacis and the Mausoleum of Augustus were built. The city’s growth continued through the centuries with the re-building that took place after the fire of 64 AD which occurred during the Reign of Emperor Nero, who considered himself as the greatest poet of his time. The Domus Aurea, the Baths of Tito and the Colosseum were built in this period.
The Renaissance was a time of glory and splendor for Rome that boasts numerous churches ( Santa Maria Aracoeli, St. John in Lateran, San Pietro in Vincoli) and attracted some of the most great artists in the world, who realized masterpieces such as St. Peter Basilica, the churches of Santa Maria degli Angeli , Santa Maria del Popolo, the Quirinale and Farnesina Palaces. The seventeenth century saw the coming of the Baroque influence that predominated in the city , such as the churches of Santa Maria dei Monti, Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Navona. Via del Corso is one of the most popular shopping streets in Rome, and in this zone we may see the Pantheon (from Greek “ pan”= all and “theon”=god), the well-known temple dedicated to “All the Gods”. Near Piazza Navona there is the Campo dei Fiori, where we can listen a good music and meet new people.
Near the Pantheon there are two famous squares, Piazza Montecitorio, the seat of the Chamber of Deputies, and Piazza Colonna, with the column dedicated to Marcus Aurelius. In Via dei Sabini we meet the Trevi Fountain, both one of the most famous fountain of Rome, and well-known as a symbol of the Roman “Dolce Vita”, with the most exclusive shops of Rome. Our shopping can continue along Via del Babuino, another of the most celebrated shopping streets in Rome, and Piazza del Popolo, on which stands out the Flaminius Obelisk 20 meters high. Finally, we may visit Piazza del Popolo, located near the Pincio, one of the green areas of Rome appreciated for her quiet. Finally, from the Pincio terrace we may admire Rome and her picturesque landscape.