ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel


Updated on May 8, 2011

Burgos is a city in northern Spain, is the capital of Burgos province. The city is about 130 miles (210 km) north of Madrid on the Arlanzon River. The varied local industries include the manufacture of shoes, wagons, furniture, soap, and, most important, fabrics. The area's agricultural products, such as grain, chick peas, and wines, are marketed in Burgos.

Places of Interest

The old part of the city is entered through the Santa Maria gate. Along the street of Lanceria there are still old shops that sell various types of cloth. Modern streets, branching off from the main square, contrast vividly with the older quarter. An ancient castle, in ruins, occupies the hill of San Miguel, which dominates the city. In this same section is the Church of Santa Agueda, famous in Spanish history as Santa Gadea. The city has spread across the Arlanzon, which is crossed by several bridges.

The most famous building is the Gothic cathedral, begun in 1221 by Ferdinand III (the Saint) and Bishop Mauricio. It is the first church of French influence to be built in Spain, and it is the burial place of the Spanish national hero, the Cid. The twin towers were built between 1442 and 1458 by Juan de Colonia. The cathedral is noted for its chapels and its art work. Burgos has numerous libraries rich in archives and medieval documents.

Burgos Province

The province, one of six that make up Old Castile, has an area of 5,509 square miles (14,269 sq km). It is bounded on the north by Santander and Vizcaya, on the east by Alava, Logrono, and Soria; on the south by Soria and Segovia; and on the west by Valladolid and Palencia. The main centers besides the capital are Aranda de Duero, Roa, Lerma, Briviesca, Salas de los Infantes, and Miranda de Ebro.

The province is crossed by the rivers Ebro in the north and Douro (Duero) in the south, while the Arlanzon passes through the center to join the Douro west of the province. In the north is a heavily forested region. The province has an average elevation of 3,800 feet (1,158 meters) and a climate that is cold in winter and hot and dry in summer. Burgos receives much snow, compensating for the lack of summer rain.

The province's economy is based largely on agriculture (cereal grains) and grazing. Local industries, long dependent on the rather extensive production of wool, had begun to decline by the mid-20th century.

History of Burgos

Burgos was founded between 882 and 884 by Count Diego Rodriguez Porcelos as an outpost protecting the kingdom of Asturias against Moorish attack. In 1029 the county of Burgos came under the control of Sancho III of Navarre. Alfonso VI, the monarch of the Cid, finally united Leon and Castile and made Burgos his capital in 1072. In later years Castilian kings began to prefer to hold court in Valladolid, and Burgos lost some of its prestige. Although Charles V and Philip II occasionally held court at Burgos, Madrid eventually became the capital of Spain. The city suffered heavily under the Duke of Wellington's siege in the Peninsular War and also in the Carlist Wars. During the Civil War of 1936-1939 it served as Francisco's Franco's capital until the fall of Madrid.


Submit a Comment

No comments yet.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)