ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Hokkaido Island

Updated on January 25, 2013
Symbol of Hokkaido
Symbol of Hokkaido

The second largest and northernmost of the four main islands of Japan, Hokkaido is Japan's largest prefecture and the least developed of the islands.

Hokkaido covers 78,040 km2, which is approximately 21 per cent of Japan's total land area, and has a population of 5,507,456 (2010), which is about 4.3 per cent of Japan's total population. The island is bounded by the Sea of Japan to the west and the Sea of Okhotsk to the north, where it is separated from the Russian island of Sakhalin by La Perouse Strait; to the south it is separated from the main island, Honshu, by Tsugaru Strait and the Pacific Ocean lies to the east and south.

Hokkaido was originally settled by the Ainu, believed to be the first inhabitants of Japan. Formerly known as Yezo, the island was largely undeveloped until the Meiji restoration of 1868, after which a period of modernization along American lines followed together with an influx of Japanese immigrants.

Sapporo was established as the base for the colonization of the island and was appointed as capital of the Hokkaido prefecture.

Sapporo is the administrative, industrial, commercial and cultural center of Hokkaido; it is Japan's fourth largest city (2011 population 1,921,831). The city was laid out in 1871 and is fashioned after a modern American city. It lies in the south-west, 800 km north of Tokyo and is the seat of Hokkaido University, founded in 1918. It is also the center of a growing tourist industry, which is fostered by the cool summers and winter skiing. The city was host to the 1972 Winter Olympic Games.

Hakodate is the second largest city (2011 population 279,851). It lies on the southern tip of the island and is the chief port and center of communications with Honshu.

Hokkaido is very mountainous and heavily forested, so only 10 per cent of the land is under cultivation. With relatively poor soil and a cool climate, the land is more suitable for grazing. Hokkaido is Japan's largest dairying area. Coastal and deep sea fishing is also an important industry and Hokkaido supplies 20 per cent of Japan's annual tonnage. Other industries include lumber, pulp and paper, brewing, dairy produce and coal (the island has major coal deposits). Farming is also productive; rice is the main crop followed by wheat, barley, oats, sugar beet, hay and white potatoes.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)