ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Jakarta, Indonesia

Updated on January 14, 2012
Source

The capital and largest city of the Republic of Indonesia. The city was originally called Jacatra, then after the Dutch colonization was renamed Batavia as capital of the Netherlands East Indies.

In 1949, when Indonesia became independent, it was renamed Djakarta ("glorious fortress"); the official spelling now omits the initial "d". Jakarta is situated on the northwest coast of the island of Java, at the mouth of the Tji Liwung (Liwung River); the capital territory (city and suburbs) is 228 square miles in area.

There are indications that the site has been inhabited since the 5th century. At the end of the 16th century Dutch colonists established their trading post on the existing settlement of Jacatra and in 1614 the first European buildings were erected by the Dutch East India Company. Today's city, however, owes most of its origins to Jan Pieterszoon Coen (1587-1629), who constructed a fort and walled town, renamed Batavia. The Chinese lived within the walls of the city until 17 40, when they were segregated; Jakarta's Chinatown is now the center of commerce.

In the 18th century Jakarta's prosperity declined, partly due to unrest under Dutch rule and partly due to widespread malaria. During the Napoleonic Wars the city was occupied by the British, but was returned to the Netherlands in 1814. During the 19th century the town's prosperity grew with the cultivation of such imported plants as coffee, cinchona and rubber.

The population increased at a corresponding rate and immigrants arrived from Malaya and other foreign trading countries.

Between World Wars I and II Kemajoran airport was built; this established Jakarta as Indonesia's main link with the outside world.

After World War II, and especially after independence, there was a fresh influx of population as villagers, their homes torn apart by war and revolution, poured into the capital. Jakarta is now one of the most densely populated cities of the world. Residential suburbs were extended, but today it is estimated that not more than 20% of the population living in the city center is adequately housed. The remainder live in rudimentary shacks (kampongs) which lack basic amenities.

The mixture of western and oriental influence is very apparent. Horsedrawn carriages and handcarts jostle with modern automobiles in the congested streets; the most popular means of transportation, however, is the betjak, a two-passenger tricycle taxi. The kalis or canals, first created by the Dutch colonials as a reminder of their homeland, have for over 300 years fulfilled the comprehensive function of providing drainage and transportation, a ready source of water and communal bathing and washing centers.

A new harbor has replaced the original one. The modern port at Tanjungpriok is connected with the capital by road, railroad and canal and it is useful not only to the hinterland of western Java, but also to the whole archipelago.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)