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Lebanon: Phoenicians, the Alphabet, & Fattoush

Updated on December 14, 2015

Do you want to know more about Lebanon? Are you a lover of travel, geography teacher, homeschooling or involved parent, student, or life-long learner? In an effort to make world geography more meaningful and memorable, I've compiled all you will need to locate Lebanon on a map, cook a Lebanese meal, watch YouTube clips on Lebanon, color the flag, create a Lebanese craft, read a great book about Lebanon, and more!

Please DO NOT copy this elsewhere without giving proper credit:

Map showing Lebanon's location
Map showing Lebanon's location | Source

Where is Lebanon?

Locate Lebanon on this map of Asia. Use this map of Lebanon to label the capitol, Beirut. Mark other relevant features (rivers, mountains, famous locations, etc.) if desired. If you'd like to spend a bit more time researching the country, you can add the language, currency, type of government, religion, and/or famous landmarks. Write them on the back of the map. You can easily find all this information at


Interesting Facts About Lebanon

The invention of the alphabet took place in the land of the Phoenicians known today as Lebanon.

Lebanon was home to the first Roman School of Law of Berytus, or old Beirut.

Lebanon, which represents 1/40 of the total area of the Arabia Peninsula, produces 70% of the publications in the Arab world.

Most Lebanese speak 3 languages: Arabic (official), French, and English.

In springtime, on the same day, you can ski in the mountains and/or swim in the sea.

Flag of Lebanon
Flag of Lebanon | Source

Lebanon's Flag

Print and color the flag of Lebanon and learn the history and meaning of it from

Visiting Lebanon on YouTube

Travel Lebanon - Visiting the Archaeological Sites of Tyre

CNN: Lebanon Tourism

BBC Cities - The Real Beirut

Lebanon, Beirut pearl of the Middle East

Beirut, Lebanon

Lebanon Caves a New Wonder?

Lebanese Meal

Prepare and serve Shish Taouk (Lebanese chicken skewers), Fattoush (Lebanese Salad), hummus (store-bought), pita bread (store-bought), Lebanese Walnut cookies, and hot sweet tea with cardamom.

Prep time: 20 min
Cook time: 15 min
Ready in: 35 min
Yields: 6

Shish Taouk (Lebanese Chicken Skewers)

  • 6 boneless skinless chicken breasts
  • 3 minced garlic cloves
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon paprika
  • 1 (6 ounce) can tomato paste
  • 1 cup plain yogurt
  • 3 tablespoons lemon pepper & salt mix


  1. Cut chicken breasts into pieces for skewers. Mix remaining ingredients together to make a marinade. Add chicken to marinade, mix well and refrigerate in a non-reactive container from 2-8 hours. Thread chicken on skewers and grill or cook under a broiler, about 5 minutes per side. (This recipe came from
Cast your vote for Shish Taouk (Lebanese chicken skewers)

Fattoush (Lebanese Salad)

This has a long list of ingredients, but you basically just toss everything together.

Prep time: 30 min
Cook time: 10 min
Ready in: 40 min
Yields: 4-6


  • SALAD:
  • 3 pita rounds torn into pieces
  • oil for frying
  • 2 cups torn romaine lettuce
  • 2 chopped tomatoes
  • 2 peeled and diced small cucumbers
  • 1 chopped green bell pepper
  • 3 chopped green onions
  • 15 fresh chopped mint leaves
  • 1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley
  • 1 teaspoon cilantro
  • 1/4 cup lemon juice
  • 2 teaspoons white wine vinegar
  • 1 pinch salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon lemon pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon dried onion flakes
  • 1 pinch celery salt (optional)
  • 1 pinch garlic powder
  • 1/4 cup olive oil


  1. Heat oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Place pita pieces into the skillet without crowding. Fry in batches until browned; then remove to paper towels. Place romaine lettuce, tomatoes, cucumbers, bell pepper, green onions, mint leaves, parsley, and cilantro into a large bowl. Pour lemon juice and white wine vinegar into a small bowl. Season with salt, lemon pepper, onion flakes, celery salt, and garlic powder. Stir in olive oil. Gently toss salad with fried pita pieces and dressing. Adjust seasonings to taste, and serve. (This recipe came from
Prep time: 10 min
Cook time: 20 min
Ready in: 30 min
Yields: 25-30 cookies

Lebanese Walnut Cookies

  • 1/2 lb butter
  • 1/2 cup powdered sugar
  • 2 tablespoons orange blossom water or vanilla extract
  • 2 cups flour
  • FILLING: 1/2 cup of chopped walnuts
  • 1/4 cup powdered sugar
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon


  1. Preheat the oven to 375°F. Line cookie sheets with parchment paper or spray with non-stick cooking spray. Cream butter and sugar in a large bowl. Stir in orange water or vanilla and flour. Set aside. To prepare the filling, combine the nuts, sugar and cinnamon in a small bowl. Form 1 inch balls with the dough, and press the center to form a dent for the filling. Fill each cookie with about a teaspoon of the filling, and place the cookies on the parchment. Bake 15-20 minutes or until golden. (This recipe came from

The Phoenician Alphabet

The invention of the alphabet took place in the land of the Phoenicians, which is present day Lebanon. Write your name using Phoenician letters. You can also write a message using the Phoenician letters and have someone else figure out what it says. You can find the letters of the Phoenician alphabet at

Read a book about Lebanon

Lebanon A to Z: A Middle Eastern Mosaic
Lebanon A to Z: A Middle Eastern Mosaic

This 40 page picture book includes plenty of interesting facts about Lebanon! It covers both traditional and modern life.

Lebanon 1-2-3: A Counting Book in Three Languages
Lebanon 1-2-3: A Counting Book in Three Languages

This 32 page picture book includes delightful illustrations and a couplet written in English, French, and Arabic.


Pray for the people of Lebanon

To find out about the religious nature of Lebanon and specific ways you can pray for the country, go to

Where is Lebanon's capital?

Have you ever been to Lebanon?

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Other countries starting with the letter L

Would you prefer to study a different country? Try one of these.









Ready to visit other countries?

Would you like to find links to all the countries we "visited" during this study of various countries? Each web page features a menu, craft, books, video clips, worksheets, and more! You can find all the links at !

© 2011 iijuan12

What do you think of when you think of Lebanon? - Please leave a note letting me know you dropped by!

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    • iijuan12 profile image

      iijuan12 4 years ago from Florida

      @othellos: Thank you!

    • profile image

      othellos 4 years ago

      Excellent and very informative lens. You covered all the important aspects of the Lebanese culture as well as geography. Thanks for sharinf:-)