ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Melbourne, Australia

Updated on March 1, 2012

The second largest city in Australia, Melbourne is the capital of the State of Victoria. The city and its suburbs cover an area of 8,806 km2 and the population is 4,077,036. The city is located on the northern shore of Port Phillip Bay.

Nearly 30 per cent of Australia's manufacturing industry is centered in Melbourne, most of the city's industries being located in the northern and western suburbs. Products of the city include heavy machinery, motor vehicles, electrical goods, textiles, foodstuffs, chemicals, paper and petroleum products.

Inner suburbs such as Carlton, Parkville and Fitzroy still have large numbers of early terraced houses complete with their cast iron trellis work. The residential eastern suburbs spread to the foot of the heavily wooded ranges to the east. The Yarra Yarra River, which flows from the northeast and empties into Port Phillip Bay, passes through the center of Melbourne.

The streets of the city center are planned in a grid system. Melbourne's extensive finance and business community is located in the high-rise office blocks to the western end of the city. Melbourne is noted for its attractive parks, the most famous of which is the Botanical Gardens. Opposite the Alexandria Gardens in St Kilda Road stands the Victorian Arts Centre, which houses one of Australia's finest art collections.

Melbourne is also one of the few large cities in the world to have retained electric trams. It is a center for education, with three universities and many colleges of advanced education.

The people of Melbourne turn out in large numbers to witness sporting events. Australian Rules Football is particularly popular and on occasions crowds of 120,000 have watched the game at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.

Melbourne was established as an official colony in 1837. From 1851, its population swelled because of an influx of large numbers of fortune seekers making their way to the goldfields of Ballarat and Bendigo. Melbourne was made the provisional capital of the nation in 1901. Postwar immigration, together with increased industrialization, has led to a radical change in the size and character of the city since 1945.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • one2get2no profile image

      Philip Cooper 

      6 years ago from Olney

      Nice hub...thanks

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)