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Mexico City

Updated on July 20, 2015

Knowing Mexico City

Mexico City is the capital of Mexico, also called Federal District because is the location of federal government. It is unknown the exact date of its foundation. It is said that the Mexican people looking for a place to settle themselves, heeded a prophecy that said the exact location should be one where they find an eagle perched on a cactus devouring a snake. In fact, this symbol is now the national symbol stamped on the flag and all official documents of government and currencies.

Image: Mexico City (Tenochtitlan) before 1521 by -Chupacabras-


After its foundation and growth over a valley where the structures were established on aqueous beds by the Aztec people, developed a rich and powerful imperial culture giving rise to the city of Tenochtitlan. In the year 1521 this city was attacked by the Spanish army led by Hernan Cortes. Since then established a colonial period with a viceroy in charge of the city now called New Spain under the command of the king of Spain. In 1810 began the fight for independence from the European country consummated in 1821. After various political conflicts and the American intervention in 1847 to the country, followed a democratic period led by President Benito Juarez promoter of reform laws. However, under his mandate underwent a second intervention in this case by French Emperor Napoleon III culminating in the establishment of an empire headed by Maximilian of Habsburg for a period of approximately 2 years. After his death the republic was restored with Benito Juarez as president. From 1876 there was a period of economic, political and social stability but also a dictatorial profile with General Don Porfirio Diaz as president for more than three decades. In 1910 social unrest led to an armed uprising organized by Francisco I. Madero which became known as the Mexican Revolution. At the end of this civil war was enacted the 1917 Constitution that now governs the country.

Image: Aguila... by Christian Frausto Bernal

Aztec Calendar

Aztec Calendar
Aztec Calendar

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