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Interesting Facts About China

Updated on August 13, 2016

China is a colossal country with a fantastic variety of landscapes, wildlife and people. It is the most populous nation on earth. More than 1.1 billion people live in China and so the Chinese make up roughly one-fifth of the world's population.

The east coast region is lined with bustling mega cities and ports. Jungles and tropical lowlands lie in southeast, while the Plateau of Tibet, which meets the Himalayas lies in the southwest. Two mighty rivers, the Yangtze and the Yellow River, cut across China and provide vital transport links.

For the last 4,000 years China has been the oldest continuous civilization on Earth. China's early warlords often fought each other and the country was not united as a single empire until 221 BCE with the birth of the Qin dynasty (221-207 BCE).

China's imperial system lasted until 1912, when China became a republic. After the defeat of Japan in 1945, the People's Republic of China was established in 1949 by the Communist leader Mao Zedong.

The communist leader Mao Zedong began a "cultural revolution" that banned religion and private wealth and reformed farming, business and education. He was ruler whose policies killed at least 30 million Chinese through famine in 1958 - 1961.

Today's Chinese flag was adopted in 1949 after the revolution in which the Communist party gained power.

The red background of the Chinese flag symbolizes the blood shed throughout the revolution and it's also the traditional color of the Chinese people.

The large gold star stands for leadership and the four smaller stars represent different classes of the society peasants, workers, bourgeoisie, and capitalists, all united under the Communist Party.

Chinese Inventions

Many everyday objects and useful technologies were invented by the Chinese long before they were introduced to other countries.

Early Chinese inventions include paper, printing, silk, kites, umbrellas, the abacus, porcelain and gunpowder.

The Invention of Paper- Paper was invented in China in the second century BCE. People started to use plants,such as hemp, to make thin paper. Before this time, people wrote on pottery, bones, stone silk wood and bamboo. Cai Lun, an official of the Han court improved the technology of paper making and his name has been associated with paper making ever since. Eight centuries later, paper making spread to the Arab world and from there in Europe.

PRINTING- Before printing was invented, every book had to be copied by hand. In the 17th century, the Chinese invented wood block printing. The text was first written on a piece of thin paper, then glued face down on to a wooden plate. The characters, letters or words were carved out to make a wood block printing plate, which was used to print the text.

GUNPOWDER- Gunpowder is a mixture of saltpetre, sulphur and charcoal. In the 10th century, weapon-makers in China discovered that if they combined gunpowder and arrows they could create a new weapon. This new explosive crossbow destroyed their enemies. Thousand of workers produced several thousands of this weapons every day in the Song capital.

In the middle of 13th century, the Arabs learned how to make gunpowder from the Chinese and called it "China Snow" Europeans eventually found out about gunpowder from the Arabs.

In the 20th century, China earned a reputation as a workshop for mass-produced cheap goods. Today, some Chinese companies are becoming global brands, especially in chemicals, computers and manufacturing.

Food and Drink

China has one of the world's oldest and most varied cooking traditions. Every region, town and ethnic group has its own specialty dishes and different mealtime customs. Food plays an important part of every festival, family gathering and business meeting. Much of the basic diet in China is based on rice and noodles and the usual drink is tea.

People eat using chopsticks made of wood, bamboo or plastic and did you know that 45 billion pairs of disposable chopsticks are used in China each year.

TEAS - Dozens of different varieties of tea (cha) are grown in China, where tea drinking is part of healthy lifestyle. In ancient China, tea was used as a medicine. Today people drink tea to relax and chat with friends.

DIM SUM - Dim sum is Cantonese for "touch the heart". These light tasty Chinese snacks are traditionally served to accompany a bowl of tea.

DUMPLINGS - Cantonese cooking is famous for its dumplings, which are always a part of dim sum. These are made from rice flour and contain various fillings such as prawns, pork, chicken or vegetables. They are presented hot in a steamer.

RICE - Rice is a vital dietary staple in China and bowls of rice accompany almost every meal.

China's Icon

PANDA - Giant pandas are probably China's best loved animal and are regarded as a national treasure. They roam the remote forests of the mountains in southwest China, eating almost nothing but bamboo.

They are endangered in the wild but scientists have bred captive pandas successfully

GREAT WALL OF CHINA - During the third century BCE, the Qin emperors started to build a huge wall to stop smuggling. Later dynasties built walls against Mongolian tribes to the north.

The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects ever completed. It stretches across the mountains of northern China, winding north and northwest of Beijing. It is constructed of masonry, rocks and packed-earth.

During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated over a 200 year period, with watch-towers and cannons added.

BEIJING (FORBIDDEN CITY) - The palace complex exemplifies traditional Chinese palatial architecture, and has influenced cultural and architectural developments in East Asia. It is north of Tiananmen Square. Rectangular in shape, it is the world's largest palace complex and covers 74 hectares.

The Forbidden City was declared a World Heritage Site in 1987 and is listed by UNESCO as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world.

The four pits that surround the emperor's tomb contain the terracotta army - one pit alone contains 6,000 figures.
The four pits that surround the emperor's tomb contain the terracotta army - one pit alone contains 6,000 figures.

The Terracotta Army

In 1974, a peasant digging for water accidentally discovered an army made of terracotta a few miles away from the First Emperor of Qin's tomb. Thousands of clay soldiers, horses and chariots have now been excavated.

They are all life-sized and have different faces, hairstyles and expressions. Several pits containing clay soldiers surround the emperor's tomb because he believed that his terracotta army would protect his soul in the afterlife.

Today nearly million people visit this site annually. The Terracotta Army now serves as both a phenomenal archaeological discovery as well as an icon of China's distant past recognizable the world over.

Collection of Chinese Hubs

  • Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs - Here is a delightful collection of Chinese proverbs which gives us a fascinating glimpse into the lives of the Chinese people.
  • Witty and Wise Chinese Proverbs II Chinese sayings are simple, short and witty but they give a direct message that will reach the heart and mind of the readers, they are condensed truth that are evident in our daily life.
  • Sayings of Confucius - This collection of profound, thought-provoking, and wise thoughts about virtues, learning and life in general is compiled from the timeless wisdom of the great Chinese philospher Confucius.


  • Chinese New Year

    Chinese New Year is the oldest and most important festival in China and in the Chinese community around the world.

Chinese New Year is also called Lunar New Year, as the Chinese work on a lunar calendar rather than the solar calendar.

 

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    • profile image

      Alston 2 years ago

      This will interest my teacher this is great

    • profile image

      Eric 3 years ago

      I am chinese,and some of them i don't know.

    • profile image

      Alissa zhu 4 years ago

      Thanks for the brilliant website!

    • mydubstepstudio profile image

      Paul Perry 4 years ago from Los Angeles

      Great hub! China is so interesting and it's amazing that more westerners don't take the time to research and understand this great civilization both old and new. Thanks for the wonderful information, very fun to read.

    • profile image

      keti 4 years ago

      very useful, helped me about my homework.

    • profile image

      me 4 years ago

      thanks you told me a lot

    • profile image

      Alice 4 years ago

      I wanna go to china ......NoW!~

    • profile image

      katelen 5 years ago

      this is cool

    • Claudia Tello profile image

      Claudia Tello 5 years ago from Mexico

      I have backlinked to this hub from my latest hub on Chang Mai, using the anchor text "China". Thanks for publishing good quality hubs that enable me to use this Hubpages tool.

    • profile image

      asgher 5 years ago

      this help my sister's work thank'x

    • profile image

      parul 5 years ago

      thanks. wonderful mine of info on china. helped me formulate the background and decorations for a theme ladies club gathering

    • profile image

      Ryan 5 years ago

      wow great information for my project

    • profile image

      ISABEL 5 years ago

      I LOVE TO DO PRODJECTS SO I DID IT ON CHINA AND BOY WAS IT FUN

      !! U GUYS REALLY HAVE ZIP COOL FACTS!!!

    • profile image

      AyOo Cupcake Luvs Yhu 5 years ago

      Thanx for tHis web page It Helped Me oN mY reposrt

    • profile image

      sandra 5 years ago

      What fo you eat

    • profile image

      Matrix 5 years ago

      yheh i had to do this for my hw

    • profile image

      AyoO nancy Loves yhu!!!!! 5 years ago

      This is a cool website hhaha it helped me alott with thwe facts ineeded for my project

    • Gregorious profile image

      Gregorious 5 years ago

      I enjoy reading well researched historical hubs and I have to say that China always fascinated me.

      Good work, voted up and interesting.

    • profile image

      a girl named ..... 5 years ago

      this helped for my homework thanx

    • profile image

      keeva 5 years ago

      thnx for da info brilliant website

    • profile image

      Nanc!#YMCMB 5 years ago

      THnx this really helped meh on my soc studiess project for china i like this page!! and i really didnt know that the panda was the most loved animal

    • louromano profile image

      louromano 5 years ago

      Excellent ! I Great hub ! Thanks.

    • profile image

      Valkyria9956 5 years ago

      Awsome facts and and really helped me alot

    • profile image

      Parth Jagdish 5 years ago

      please add more photographs to understand the features

    • profile image

      Banita 5 years ago

      This helped me finish my homework. Cool fact.

    • profile image

      charlotte 5 years ago

      this is really helpfull to me

    • profile image

      isabel9768 5 years ago

      coooooooooooooooool facts :)

    • profile image

      connie 5 years ago

      like the food

    • profile image

      kristen 5 years ago

      Omq Thanks Helped alot

    • profile image

      june 5 years ago

      thanks for the help! this rilly helped me with a research report

    • profile image

      prateelk shukla india 5 years ago

      thanks helped a lot

    • profile image

      madison 5 years ago

      cool now i can submit trivia about china in my report

    • profile image

      leialani 5 years ago

      great this will help me do my homework can you guys put more facts so i can get an A+ on my country report?????????????????????

    • profile image

      melanie4 5 years ago

      thankyou

    • profile image

      Yasmine 5 years ago

      This helped me finish my homework.

      Thanx a lot.

    • profile image

      Tommy gill 5 years ago

      It is intresting and it has great facts about China.I like all the facts about China.

    • profile image

      Amma 5 years ago

      this really help thanx x

    • profile image

      Liz 5 years ago

      These facts really helped me alot on my country project on China. Thanks

    • profile image

      holly 5 years ago

      i ned more for a school thing

    • profile image

      Elizabeth 5 years ago

      I realy enjoyed everything in it.

    • profile image

      allioson white 5 years ago

      I think that you should put more coool fact about china thats really interresting

    • profile image

      Matthew A 5 years ago

      Good,cool fact's

    • profile image

      pooploser69 5 years ago

      thanks for the facts dude :)

    • profile image

      Sarish 5 years ago

      Got my hw done on time

    • profile image

      zelliac 5 years ago

      very interesting facts

    • profile image

      5 years ago

      I lOve china and these facts really helped

    • profile image

      asiqur 5 years ago

      this is the best fact page in the whole wide wirld

    • profile image

      Sweety:* 5 years ago

      Thank you! These are really good facts about China and that helped me at a school presentation :-)

    • profile image

      Sharanee Johnson 5 years ago

      It helped me alot

    • profile image

      gowtham 5 years ago

      its reallllllllllllly amazing and interesting and helpful to me

    • profile image

      Manirule123 5 years ago

      Cool! I really got my homework done in time! :) Thanks alot readers and poster!! :)

    • profile image

      nycole7 5 years ago

      thank it helped me alot!!

    • profile image

      Kooda 5 years ago

      Helped alot thanks

    • profile image

      kjty 5 years ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      Bethany Spencer 5 years ago

      these are some great ideas everyone and great comments keep up the great work in your other websites!

    • profile image

      Hoop jack 5 years ago

      there is a lot of interesting facts thanks alot for the help.

    • profile image

      saim 5 years ago

      i like this web site

      really its a very informative page of history

    • profile image

      ILOVEYOU 5 years ago

      THANKS!!! I WAS DOING A PROJECT ABOUT CHINA, AND I NEEDED INTERESTING FACTS. THIS HELPED ME A LOT.

    • profile image

      whats up 5 years ago

      this is the awsomeest page ever in the historyof pages

    • profile image

      unknown97 5 years ago

      this website is awesome thaknks for the information is helped alot

    • profile image

      mysterygirl 5 years ago

      This is GREAT but can you add quotes about the inventions or anything?

    • profile image

      kevin 5 years ago

      this kind of cool i've got to say

    • profile image

      great me 5 years ago

      i think this might help with my homework i am doing china and they asked me to wrirt 200 word about china thanks ever so much

    • profile image

      yamkela 5 years ago

      didnt want my sister to get a 0% for her oral so i found this website thanks bra whoevers website this is.

    • profile image

      Pop 5 years ago

      Good Facts!!!

    • profile image

      ericc 5 years ago

      this is an awesome page

    • profile image

      lol !! 5 years ago

      great facts

    • profile image

      Daisy Duck 5 years ago

      Thanx soooooooooooo much, helped me with an oral now that iv got the info im sure ill get an A++++++.lovies Taylor Ebersohn.

    • profile image

      arianna 5 years ago

      Nice post!

    • profile image

      yoshi101 5 years ago

      pretty cool

    • profile image

      eleanor joy 5 years ago

      thank you this has helped me so much with my homework that i got thx thx thx thx thx thx thx thx thank you thank you thank you thank you

    • profile image

      Cheyrl Patterson 5 years ago

      OMG thank you so much! This got me an A+!! YAY!

    • profile image

      negar 5 years ago

      thanks a lot for information

    • profile image

      zan3 5 years ago

      thanks helped with homewoork

    • profile image

      annonomous 5 years ago

      great facts but what about the one child policy ??

    • profile image

      anonymous 5 years ago

      i finally finished my project and had fun doing it too!

    • profile image

      Masterknow 5 years ago

      THANK YOU SO MUCH!!! Finally got some info for my project.

      P.S Could you please add stuff about the "major business and industry" if that makes any sense. THANK YOU!!!

    • profile image

      LOL 5 years ago

      I am doing a China project and these interesting facts have help so much THANK YOU :)

    • mysteriousmaven profile image

      mysteriousmaven 5 years ago from The Internet

      Awesome Hub! :)

      Thanks for gathering this information on China.

      I've been there once before, and it's a nice place.

    • profile image

      ismini 6 years ago

      i think this is a realy good website

    • profile image

      anonymous 6 years ago

      thx.i FINALLY got my homework finished.

    • profile image

      awesome person 6 years ago

      it is awesome helped a lot for my assignment

    • profile image

      Person 6 years ago

      Hmm...Yeah I think it worked out good,I got a 95 on my report thank yah! :D

    • profile image

      evarlyne wanja 6 years ago

      nice country gotta admit its so sophisticated and its beauty is just amazing but i had a question can one get a job from kenya to china easily?other than that you guys are simply the best!

    • jcnasia profile image

      jcnasia 6 years ago

      Great post! But Cantonese food? I like Dim Sum and all, but dumplings are known as a northeastern food. And, where's my favorite type of Chinese food--Sichuan food? I like my Chinese food.

      Overall, a good introduction to China. For anyone who has never been to China, consider this an invitation!

    • profile image

      Robyyyn / bobz x 6 years ago

      heyyyy, iv'e been to china four times in the past two years. i have family there - my great aunt suuano and my uncle Lou Bin. shia shia = thankyou xxx

    • Bilalnr profile image

      Bilalnr 6 years ago from Islamabad, Pakistan

      Great Hub MM Del Rosario!!!

    • profile image

      kelly c 6 years ago

      ccool i want ti go to china now lol

    • profile image

      awesome 6 years ago

      this is awesome facts

    • profile image

      kelly 6 years ago

      china is cool

    • profile image

      elio baz 6 years ago

      thats cool

    • profile image

      juan 6 years ago

      that is cool

    • profile image

      kassy 6 years ago

      thanks i learned a lot,it's a great website

    • profile image

      Emily 6 years ago

      Thank you so much I am going a China project and this is such a good website I will going to recomend it to my class mates who I know is doing the China projectalso this is alot better than books

      Thanks again

      Emily

    • profile image

      cool kid 6 years ago

      cool interesting

    • profile image

      tod  6 years ago

      this is a great website!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      i got all my homework done thanks to you

    • profile image

      unknown 6 years ago

      that was so cool and awsome!!!

    • profile image

      arielle 6 years ago

      it is nice to study china's history culture and even geography it really help me to discover the beauty of it, na........ i want to travel in china.....

    • profile image

      yoyo 6 years ago

      cool

    • profile image

      JONNY POKO TONY  7 years ago

      GOOD!!!!!!!!!!